MIL OSI translation. Region: Germany/Germany –
Source: Destatis Federal Statistical Office
Around 1,900 fewer farms keeping pigs than a year ago
Press Release #266 of June 27, 2022
WIESBADEN – According to preliminary results, 22.3 million pigs were kept in Germany as of May 3, 2022. As the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports, this is the lowest pig population since German unification in 1990. At that time, 30.8 million pigs were kept. Compared to the livestock survey as of November 3, 2021, the number of pigs fell by 6.2% or 1.48 million animals. This is the third significant decline in a row. Compared to the previous year’s value of May 3, 2021, the stock has decreased by 9.8% or 2.42 million animals.
The following picture emerges for the individual animal categories in pig farming: As of May 3, 2022, 10.3 million fattening pigs were kept in Germany, which was 6.7% or 735,800 animals fewer than half a year earlier. The number of young pigs weighing less than 50 kilograms also fell significantly by 10.1% (423,000 animals) to 3.8 million animals. The number of breeding sows decreased by 6.2% or 98,700 compared to November 2021 to 1.5 million animals.
In addition to the numbers, the number of pig farms also declined. As of May 3, 2022, there were 17,900 pig farms. That was 5.2% or 1,000 farms fewer than in November 2021. The percentage of German pig populations in the past six months thus declined more than the number of farms. Compared to the previous year, the number of pig farms fell by 9.6% (1,900 farms).
Number of pig farms down 41% over ten years
A ten-year comparison also shows the decreasing trends in the number of pigs and farms kept: the number of pigs has fallen by 20.8% or 5.8 million animals since 2012, while the number of farms has even decreased by 41.0% (12,400 farms). . Since the number of farms has decreased more than the number of pigs kept, the average pig population has increased from 929 to 1,248 pigs per farm over the past ten years.
As a result, both the number of pig farms and the number of pigs kept have fallen sharply. Despite the recent significant increase in prices for slaughter pigs, the economic situation of many farms remains difficult, among other things due to increased energy, fertilizer and feed costs and the associated higher production costs.
Cattle population slightly declining
As of May 3, 2022, around 11.0 million cattle were kept in Germany. That was 0.5% or 53,400 fewer animals than in November 2021. There was also a slight decrease in the number of dairy cows: around 3.8 million animals were counted on the survey date. That was 0.4% or 15,400 fewer animals than in November 20211.9% or 74,200 fewer dairy cows than in the previous year (May 3, 2021).
A declining trend also continued in the keeping of dairy cows. In the past six months, the number of farms fell by 2.0% (1,100 farms) to 53,700. Compared to May 3, 2021, the farms with dairy cows fell by 3.9% (2,200 farms).
A detailed analysis of livestock in Germany is available on the “Animals and animal production” topic page. Long time series can be accessed via tables 41311-0001 to 41311-0003 and 41311-0010 to 41311-0012 in the GENESIS-Online database.
The surveys of the pig and cattle stocks are carried out every six months on the reference dates of May 3rd and November 3rd. The sheep stocks are surveyed annually on the reference date of November 3rd.
Due to technical adjustments in the evaluation of the administrative data used, comparability with the earlier results of the cattle population survey is limited.
Businesses are technical and economic units that are managed for the account of one owner and are subject to uniform management. A company can consist of several attitudes. Cattle are published in holdings, which correspond to the registration offices or the animal health units that are recorded in the database of the “origin assurance and information system for animals” (HIT database) in accordance with Section 26 (2) sentence 1 of the Livestock Transport Ordinance.
In the livestock surveys in 1990 and from 2010 onwards, different recording limits are used. In 1990, farms were surveyed on all of their livestock if any of the following detection limits were met or exceeded:
The detection limits that have been in force since 2010 include all farms with at least 50 pigs or 10 breeding sows in the population.
No information on housing methods in animal husbandry is collected as part of the livestock surveys. The results of the 2020 agricultural census are available here as the latest data.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure not be perfect.