MIL OSI Translation. Region: France and French Territories –
Source: United Nations – in French 2
Headline: At COP15, Côte d’Ivoire, WFP calls for building resilient food systems
As part of the Conference of the Parties (COP15) to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), which is being held in Côte d’Ivoire until May 20, the World Food Program (WFP) calls for a massive expansion of proven solutions that help repair broken food systems and make communities affected by land degradation more resilient to shocks.
Desertification – both a consequence and a major contributor to climate change – is one of the most insidious and overlooked threats to food security, nutrition and sustainable food systems, the WFP said in a statement. Along with conflicts and economic crises, it contributes to the unprecedented growth in the number of food insecure people in the world.
“The sharp rise in food, fuel and fertilizer prices linked to the crisis in Ukraine is further aggravating already fragile situations around the world,” said Volli Carucci, Director of Resilience and Food Systems at WFP.
“This is why it is more urgent than ever to tackle the root causes of food crises while meeting immediate needs. We must help create more resilient food systems and build the resilience of communities affected by land degradation,” he said.
In the Sahel, for example, WFP is helping communities across the region rehabilitate land for crop and fodder production, and link it to school meals, nutrition programs and support for smallholder farmers. In just three years, around 110,000 hectares of barren land have been brought back to life, benefiting over 2.5 million people in more than 2,000 communities.
WFP’s call for action comes as negotiations on land restoration and drought resilience at the 15th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP15) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification enter their final phase.
In Senegal, efforts are being made to rehabilitate soils and collect rainwater.
Changing food systems starts with the land
According to the WFP, more than 276 million people are currently facing acute hunger, and the Ukrainian crisis could lead an additional 46 million people to severe food insecurity. Many of the world’s food insecure people live in degraded areas facing accelerated desertification, generating competition and tension for scarce resources.
“Changing food systems starts with the land and how we use it. Healthy soils are a key part of the foundations for building and maintaining our food security and resilience. Now is the time to multiply our efforts,” Mr. Carucci noted.
According to the WFP, the immediate large-scale actions needed to transform our current food systems include:
Accelerate the rehabilitation of degraded lands to enable local production for local consumption, job creation and income opportunities and promote more resilient supply chains, including local sourcing for social protection programs. Increase the production and use of organic fertilizers such as compost to cushion the reduced availability of fertilizers in global markets and increase yields in a sustainable manner. Reduce crop losses by improving post-harvest management and storage – generating processing and jobs for young people. Promote the use of local and indigenous foods such as edible oil extracted from high-yielding Sahelian trees, such as Balanites Aegyptiaca (desert date palm) and Baobab, as alternatives to sunflower oil, and reintroduce drought-tolerant crops in local diets and foods.
COP15 should make it possible to find solutions for land restoration and resistance to drought and to draw inspiration from good practices – and develop them massively – in particular the efforts undertaken by the countries of the Sahel. Initiatives like the Great Green Wall already convey a message of collective action to build a green foundation that will protect the most vulnerable and their children from hunger.
This COP15 is the first of three meetings of the Rio Conventions to be held in 2022, with COP15 on biodiversity (Kunming, China) and COP27 on climate change (Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt) to be held later in the year. ‘year.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure not be perfect.