MIL-OSI Translation: Climate change: Federal Council approves report on the expansion of negative emission technologies

6

MIL OSI translation. Region: Germany/Germany –

Source: Switzerland – Federal Administration in German

The Federal Council

Bern, 05/18/2022 – In order for Switzerland to achieve its goal of net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, CO2 capture and storage (CCS) technologies and negative emission technologies (NET) are required for emissions that are difficult to avoid. These technologies are only partially available. On May 18, 2022, the Federal Council approved a report that outlines measures and framework conditions so that CCS and NET can be expanded to the required extent by 2050.

In 2019, the Federal Council decided that Switzerland should no longer emit any greenhouse gases by 2050. The Federal Council’s long-term climate strategy shows that greenhouse gas emissions that are difficult to avoid will remain in 2050, particularly from industry, waste recycling and agriculture. In order to tackle these, technologies are needed that capture and store CO2 in systems (CCS) or permanently remove CO2 from the atmosphere (NET). The CCS and NET approaches are widely known, but they are not yet ready at the required scale. In order for their expansion to be environmentally friendly, cost-efficient and socially acceptable over the next 30 years, the necessary framework conditions should be improved today. At its meeting on May 18, 2022, the Federal Council approved a report showing how CCS and NET can gradually contribute to the net zero goal.

Gradual expansion in two phases

The report proposes two phases for the expansion of CCS and NET: a “pioneering phase” up to 2030 and a phase of “targeted scaling” up to 2050. CCS systems in industry, for example in waste incineration plants and cement works, are to be installed over both phases by 2050 be used. For the transport of CO2 and its storage inland, a new infrastructure is required, such as pipelines and storage facilities underground or in building materials. Investments in NETs are also necessary, including within the framework of bilateral climate protection agreements with partner countries. While the pioneer phase can be implemented with the applicable legal framework, the scaling phase after 2030 requires major decisions. This is primarily for the development of a comprehensive CO2 transport and storage infrastructure.

Opportunity for the research and work place

The expansion of CCS and NET is not only necessary in terms of climate policy, but also offers Switzerland as a research and work location the opportunity to consolidate its pioneering role. In order to create investment security, concrete expansion targets and quality criteria must be set, favorable framework conditions for the private sector must be created and innovations must be promoted in a targeted manner.

The CCS and NET expansion should be financed in a way that causes it to be caused. The Federal Council will examine specific proposals by the end of 2024 and also clarify the roles of the Confederation, cantons and private sector.

Address for queries

Sophie Wenger, Climate Policy Section, Federal Office for the Environment FOEN, Tel. 41 58 464 71 84

editor

The Federal Councilhttps://www.admin.ch/gov/de/start.html

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure not be perfect.

MIL Translation OSI