Source: United Nations (Video News)
Briefing by Arif Husain, World Food Programme’s Chief Economist, and Rein Paulsen, the Food and Agriculture Organization’s Director of Emergencies, on the Launch of the 2022 Global Report on Food Crises.
Nearly 193 million people in the world are in acute food insecurity, an increase of 40 million people in one year, according to a new UN report.
The Global Report on Food Crisis released today jointly by the Global Network against Food Crisis (FAO, WFP and the EU) and the Food Security Information Network (FSIN) revealed that in 2021 nearly 193 million people were experiencing acute food insecurity in 53 countries or territories.
This represents an increase of nearly 40 million people from the previous year confirming an alarming trend: acute food insecurity has been on the rise over the last six years. This year-on-year increase is largely the result of worsening acute food insecurity and attributable to expanded geographical coverage of analyses.
Major food crisis countries remain those suffering from protracted conflicts like Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syria and Yemen.
Conflict continues to be the main cause of hunger in the world, pushing some 139 million people in 24 countries in acute food insecurity, followed by economic shocks, for example in Pakistan and Haiti, and climate change. Increasingly, frequent and severe weather extremes have been the main driver of acute food insecurity for 23.5 million people in eight African countries in 2021.
Forecasts for 2022 show that the impact of protracted conflict and related displacement, often in tandem with macroeconomic shocks and extreme weather events will intensify and prolong acute food insecurity conditions.
The war in Ukraine is expected to have dire consequences for global food security following the displacement of millions of Ukrainians and widespread destruction of infrastructure and livelihoods. Severe repercussions are expected at regional and global level, as many food crisis countries rely heavily on Ukraine and Russia for staple food supplies, especially wheat and fertilizers.