MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
In the Exhibition Hall of Federal Archives in Moscow (Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 17) a historical and documentary exhibition “Alexander Nevsky and his image in historical memory” patron saint of Russia.
The Russian State Archives of the Navy takes an active part in this unique exhibition. The Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, welcomed the initiative of the leadership and employees of the Russian State Archives of the Navy, noting that “the military-historical work aimed at popularizing outstanding Russian commanders and military leaders is very relevant at the present time and makes it possible to feel a great responsibility for preserving the historical memory and continuation of national traditions of military art ”.
The organizers of the exhibition are Rosarkhiv, the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts, the Russian Historical Society, with the support of the Fatherland History Foundation.
The exhibition is dedicated to the personality and deeds of Prince Alexander Nevsky, perpetuating his memory, and is timed to coincide with a significant date – the transfer of the relics of Grand Duke Alexander Nevsky from the Nativity Monastery in Vladimir to the Trinity Monastery in St. Petersburg (Alexander Nevsky Lavra). On August 11, 1723, by order of Peter the Great, the relics of Alexander Nevsky were taken out of Vladimir, on October 1, 1723, they were delivered to Shlisselburg, and on August 30, 1724, they were solemnly transferred to the Alexander Nevsky Church of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. On September 12, the Russian Orthodox Church celebrates the transfer of the relics of the Blessed Prince Alexander Nevsky, the patron of the Russian land.
The exposition for the first time presents unique chronicle evidence of the life and works of Prince Alexander Nevsky stored in the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts, authentic archival documents and museum items that laid the foundation for his veneration as a saint, documents on the transfer of miraculous relics from Vladimir to St. Petersburg, on the use of the image of a commander in the award system of the Russian Empire – USSR – Russian Federation.
The exposition of the exhibition opens with chronicles of the beginning of Alexander’s independent activity (1236), his marriage to Princess Alexandra (1239), the significant Battle of the Neva in 1240, which gave the prince the name Nevsky, his conflict with the Novgorodians (1240) and return to Novgorod to save the Russian lands from foreign aggression (1241), the Battle of the Ice (1242), negotiations with the khans of the Golden Horde (1247 and 1252). The exposition includes the Kiev Chronicle in the list of the 16th century, which was used in their works by the first Russian historians V.N. Tatishchev and N.M. Karamzin. Facts from the life of Alexander Nevsky are illustrated with miniatures of the Litsevoy Chronicle of the mid-16th century. and plans for Novgorod, Pskov, Izborsk. The system of relations between princes and the Novgorod feudal republic is represented by a genuine contractual letter of Novgorod the Great with the Grand Duke of Vladimir and Tver Yaroslav Yaroslavich 1270. The exposition includes genuine spiritual certificates of the descendants of Alexander Nevsky – the Grand Dukes Ivan Kalita, Ivan Krasny, Dmitry Donskoy, testifying to his memory in the Kalitich family.
The central place in the exhibition is occupied by the manuscripts containing the editions of the life of St. Alexander Nevsky, including the Sofia I chronicle of the older edition in the list of the second half of the 1470s. and Degree books of royal genealogy. The Sophia II Chronicle has preserved evidence of the loss of the saint’s relics during a devastating fire in Vladimir. The exposition presents documentary evidence of the glorification of Alexander Nevsky among other miracle workers at the church cathedral in 1547. The name of St. Alexander Nevsky on November 23 reads in a short “Index” about the establishment of the celebration for the new miracle workers and in November Chetyah-Minei of the middle of the 16th century.
Visitors to the exhibition will see the original letter of Ivan the Terrible dated November 30, 1576 on granting lands to the Vladimir Nativity Monastery, which housed a sarcophagus with the miraculous relics of St. Alexander Nevsky. The archival documents presented in the exposition, plans and types of churches in his honor, icon-painting samples and icons, liturgical books testify to the veneration of the prince for centuries.
Peter I’s conversion to the image of a warrior prince was associated with the long Northern War (1700–1721), which ended with the Peace of Nishtad and the proclamation of the Russian Empire. The exhibition presents the Relation on the conclusion of peace with Sweden with a description of the celebration of the presentation and acceptance by the sovereign of the title of “Father of the Fatherland, Emperor of All Russia Peter the Great” with the handwritten revision of Peter I, as well as documents on the history of the construction of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, on the procedure for organizing the transfer of miraculous relics and creation in the middle of the 18th century. a masterpiece of baroque art – the tombs for the shrine of St. Alexander Nevsky. For the first time, visitors will be able to see a note about the relics and an act of their inspection, found during the opening of the tomb in 1917, kept in the Leningrad Regional State Archives in Vyborg.
The image of Alexander Nevsky is the only one in our history that was used in the award system of the Russian Empire, the USSR and modern Russia. The exhibition presents documents on the creation of order insignia, statutes and drawings of orders, as well as unique award documents from different eras. The museums of the Moscow Kremlin have provided signs of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky and the seal of the order.
A special place at the exhibition is occupied by documents and photographs telling about the creation of S. Eisenstein’s film “Alexander Nevsky” – the classics of Soviet cinema. The image of the commander and the historical events associated with his name became an example of resistance to fascist aggression during the Great Patriotic War. The exposition includes unique working materials – original drawings and notes by S. Eisenstein, script versions, including one where, by order of I.V. Stalin’s red line marks the ending of the film, photographs from the set, the score of the famous song by S.S. Prokofiev “Get up, Russian people!” Stalin: “It seems that it did not work out badly.”
The exhibition includes more than 400 exhibits – genuine archival documents, graphics, engravings, icons, order signs, as well as photographic and film documents.
Part of the exposition will be presented on multimedia screens, allowing one to get acquainted with the pages of the life of Alexander Nevsky, presented on the miniatures of the Litsevoy Chronicle Arch, and views of the temples erected in honor of the holy prince. Visitors will be able to see unique newsreel footage of the autopsy of his relics in the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, the awarding of the Order of Alexander Nevsky on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War and the restored film by S. Eisenstein “Alexander Nevsky”.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.