MIL-OSI Translation: France must become the world “leader” in green hydrogen


MIL OSI Translation. Government of the Republic of France statements from French to English –

Source: Republic of France in French

Installed last January, the National Hydrogen Council (CNH) held its 3rd meeting to take stock of the progress of the implementation of the National strategy for the development of carbon-free hydrogen presented a year ago, September 8, 2020.

The objective of this plan, endowed with € 7 billion by 2030, including € 3.4 billion for the period 2021-2023: to move towards the production of “green hydrogen” by electrolysis.

Produce hydrogen without CO2 emissions

Why do we need hydrogen? Because it is necessary in the process of a large part of our industries (steel mills, cement factories, refineries, textiles, fertilizers, etc.). The need for hydrogen in France is approximately 900,000 tonnes per year.

The problem is that hydrogen production is now 90% carbonated due to the technologies used (methane steam reforming, etc.), whose CO2 emissions are around 9 million tonnes per year.

The challenge is therefore to produce hydrogen without CO2 emissions. This “green hydrogen” is produced by “electrolysis”, a process that uses an electric current to extract the hydrogen from the water molecule (H2O).

“In terms of energy, I consider that on green hydrogen we have the capacity to be the world ‘leader’. [We have] the technologies, the public money, the industrialists and the common will: it is a guarantee of success and I am sure that when it comes to green hydrogen, we will succeed. “

Bruno Le Maire, Minister of the Economy, Finance and Recovery

Control the entire production cycle

With the carbon-free production of electricity by nuclear power, the production of green hydrogen by electrolysis is now an industrial reality.

“We can perfectly imagine fully integrated ecosystems in which you would have the nuclear power station, the production of carbon-free electricity, which would go to electrolysis plants where electrolysis would take place and with an industrial site nearby where we would decarbonise the carbon. ‘industry. “

Bruno Le Maire, Minister of the Economy, Finance and Recovery

The Government’s objective is to develop this industrial potential of electrolysis for a capacity of 6.5 GW of electrolysers installed in 2030.

“We have to go quickly because technological changes happen quickly. […] We have to develop our industrial sites in weeks or months. […] So I say to the National Hydrogen Council that in the coming months we must have factories emerging from the ground and the first stones that we lay. “

Bruno Le Maire, Minister of the Economy, Finance and Recovery

Mass transport

The second strategic objective that hydrogen will fulfill is mass transport.

The transport sector is indeed the leading source of CO2 in mainland France with 30.1% of CO2 equivalent emissions, ahead of agriculture (19.6%), tertiary residential (18.5%) and industry. manufacturing and construction (18%) (source: Citepa data. Secten Report, 2020 edition)

“I am certain that for public transport in the broad sense, hydrogen is the right solution. This will be the solution for the completely carbon-free aircraft. […] For planes with a capacity of 80 to 100 people, hydrogen can be a perfect solution “, indicates Bruno Le Maire.

“For trains, […] hydrogen trains, this already exists. It is already rolling. This works very well in conditions of profitability, maximum security “, adds the Minister of the Economy, Finance and Recovery before continuing:” Hydrogen can also be a solution for small utilities or medium utilities . […] This can also be the case for corporate fleets. “

A climatic and environmental issue

Reducing the carbon footprint of our human activities will make it possible to act against global warming and atmospheric pollution.

“France is one of the first countries to have identified the potential of low carbon hydrogen in 2018. Combining technological development and ecological transition, its use combines two major objectives: reducing greenhouse gas emissions and gaining a competitive advantage. “

Barbara Pompili, Minister for the Ecological Transition

Relive the event

In video, the meeting of the National Hydrogen Council Thursday, September 30, 2021, in Bercy:

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

MIL Translation OSI