MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
How music affects child development and school performance, and why parents should participate in learning – teachers talk about this on International Music Day.
Music not only gives emotions, but also develops imagination and intelligence. And practicing this kind of art teaches discipline and helps to achieve the set goals.
Music for everyone
Traditions of music education have long been established in Russia. Music is studied in high school, and after lessons, children can attend music clubs and learn to play different instruments.
Guys who want to make music more professionally go to art schools. In Moscow, 133 institutions offer training in this direction, which significantly exceeds the number of schools teaching fine arts and choreography. At the same time, the children are offered new directions and new instruments, which they buy for music schools within the framework of the “Art for Children” project. Moreover, children have the opportunity to practice such rare instruments as viola, bassoon, recorder. In 15 art schools, you can learn to play the organ, and two schools have three harpsichords.
And most importantly, the teachers are sure that every child can study music. Each kid has some kind of talent, and how his abilities will develop depends on the home environment and social environment.
“You can determine musical ability by tests, but learning requires three components: the student’s ability, a competent teacher and a parent who is interested in the learning process,” says Natalya Osipova, teacher of the NS Children’s Music School. Golovanov, flute class.
Some children are brought to music lessons by parents who themselves learned music in childhood. In other families, children are sent to a musical group, in which their parents used to study.
“The continuity of generations can be traced in our ensemble. First, grandmothers went, then mothers and fathers. And now they bring their children, because they know that our training system guarantees not only professionalism, but also a bright, happy childhood, ”says Anna Averyanenko, chief choirmaster of the V.S. Loktev of the Moscow Palace of Pioneers.
The desire to make music may appear after going to a concert; children may be inspired by musicians or some kind of works. And someone, like, for example, Natalya Osipova, decides to devote his life to music after a regular lesson at school.
“At the age of 10, at a music lesson, we were staged a symphonic fairy tale“ Peter and the Wolf ”by Sergei Prokofiev, where the characters are represented by different wind instruments. And I was impressed by the image of the bird, which was represented by the flute. And on the same day, I asked my parents to take me to class. Since then, music has become my profession and my life, ”she said.
Some kids just want to be like their idols – modern performers. They attend classes for themselves, not for a career in music. For example, like the guys from the ukulele club (miniature ukulele with four strings) at school # 1544.
“Today the ukulele is a popular instrument played by many musicians. Children choose ukulele lessons because it is easy and pleasant to sing their favorite songs on it. The guys want to be like their idols and become as bright and free in expressing emotions, ”says Ekaterina Zatonskaya, a teacher of the circle.
Fantasy, games and an individual approach
The way the child will study and learn the material is influenced not only by professionalism, but also by the personal qualities of the teacher.
“The personality of the teacher is very important. How he can captivate children, how he presents the material, his charisma, experience. If he performs on stage and the students come to watch, it inspires and motivates them, ”says Fyodor Shagov, a tuba lecturer at the Chopin Moscow State College of Musical Performance.
The teacher must masterfully master the instrument and at the same time be a competent mentor, find an approach to each child. If a teacher conducts various events, such as festivals and concerts, then this also inspires students, says Natalya Osipova.
Today, the approach to teaching is also changing, many specialists are trying to combine traditional methods with new ones, to develop their own author’s methods.
“We are introducing innovative techniques in teaching singing, using a large range of gymnastics and exercises, for example, breathing exercises. We are working on a free feeling of our body, emancipation, so that children feel confident on stage, ”says Anna Averyanenko.
It is important to find an approach to each student, take into account his musical preferences, and give him freedom of choice. Favorite melodies immediately captivate children, it is easier for them to study them. “We have a lot of contemporary works. In May we released a video for the song Coldplay. And young composers write music for our song and dance ensemble, ”says Anna Averyanenko.
It is also worth asking what else the child is doing, what he loves. “You can discuss what your child likes, such as the music for the Harry Potter movie. Then classes will cease to be a routine. The teacher’s task is to find the key to each student and open the way to the world of music for him, ”says Natalya Osipova.
The use of game practices makes classes fun. Fyodor Shagov believes that young children can be carried away by a fairy tale. And Natalia Osipova advises to come up with interesting names for exercises and use the child’s imagination. For example, in her manual there is a picture in which musical theory is depicted as a “flute mastery tree.”
Parental involvement is the key to a child’s success
If adults themselves listen to the works of world classics at home or go with children to the theater and to concerts, then the child gradually develops a good taste.
But the productivity of learning also depends on parental involvement. Mom and Dad are the link between the child and the teacher. Parents need to keep their homework under control – this is 80 percent of successful learning, says Ekaterina Zatonskaya. It is also important to keep track of what mood the child is in.
“The child is often afraid to say something to the teacher, and empathetic parents notice that he is losing interest. Then the teacher can try a new technique or change the repertoire, ”says Ekaterina Zatonskaya.
Music as a perpetual motion machine
According to teachers, children who study music are more open and emotional, more self-confident. They feel more comfortable in this world, treat nature and each other more carefully.
“Music lessons develop will and discipline. You need to train regularly, without interruption, with the same persistence with which champions train in the gym, ”says Fyodor Shagov.
Thanks to music lessons, the child develops mathematical abilities, spatial thinking, memory. Younger musicians speak and write better, grammar and foreign words are easier for them.
“Musicians are constantly discovering new opportunities for self-realization, honing their technique of playing an instrument or pedagogical skills, and develop intellectually and spiritually. Musical art is a perpetuum mobile (perpetual motion machine) of human progress, ”says Natalia Osipova.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.