MIL OSI Translation. Region: Spanish / Latin America / UN –
Source: Republic of Colombia
Bogotá, September 19, 2021 – @CancilleriaCol. During the next two weeks, the International Court of Justice will examine in oral stage the case of Alleged violations of sovereign rights and maritime spaces in the Caribbean Sea (Nicaragua v. Colombia).
It is important to bear in mind that in this case the claims of Nicaragua are not on territorial sovereignty or on territorial sea, the Court will only analyze whether Nicaragua is right to maintain that Colombia would have violated international law with the operations of the National Navy at sea. Caribbean, carried out with the objective of exercising the freedoms of Colombia in the area, protect the inhabitants of the Archipelago and the Raizal population, comply with international duties in the fight against drug trafficking, exercise protection of the Seaflower Biosphere Reserve and comply with other duties derived from multilateral treaties; as well as with the issuance of the decree that established the Continuous Integral Zone in the Archipelago.
From the preliminary objections stage (March 2016), Colombia managed to exclude Nicaragua’s main claim that Colombia had violated international law by threatening the use of force. In the framework of this process, Colombia countersued Nicaragua with two Colombian claims according to which Nicaragua has ignored the existence of the traditional fishing rights of the inhabitants of the archipelago, in particular of the Raizal community, to access the waters where they are found. the banks in which they have fished for centuries, and it has also infringed these rights as Raizales fishermen have attested; Nicaragua has issued a decree contrary to international law related to the points and baselines from which it measures its maritime spaces in the Caribbean Sea, seeking to unilaterally adjudicate marine areas to the detriment of Colombia and other coastal States of the Caribbean Sea. . Both counterclaims will be reviewed at these September hearings.
In these processes, the State defense team has had the collaboration of the Colombian National Navy and other entities of the local and regional order, as well as several members of the Raizal community of the Archipelago, who from a multidisciplinary perspective have made valuable contributions to the defense of the Nation.
Although the Court will not issue a ruling on this occasion, it will listen to the international agents and lawyers of both parties to convene, in the coming months, the reading of the final verdict.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.