MIL-OSI Translation: Working to protect the Amazon rainforest – Peru strengthens international partnership

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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –

Source: Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety As part of an international climate alliance, Peru, Germany, Norway, the United Kingdom and the USA are intensifying their efforts to reduce deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon region by 2025.

As part of an international climate alliance, Peru, Germany, Norway, the United Kingdom and the US are stepping up their efforts to reduce deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon by 2025. Peru is home to the fourth largest tropical rainforest in the world – an area that almost twice the size of Germany. ”Climate change is a global threat. To counter it, cooperation across national borders is required. With the support of its partners, Peru is reaffirming its commitment to protecting our valuable forests and promoting sustainable development in the Amazon region, ”said the Peruvian Environment Minister Gabriel Quijandría Acosta on the occasion of the signing of the climate and forest partnership, which was extended to 2025. The joint declaration of intent was signed on May 31, also by ministers from Germany, Norway, the United Kingdom and the USA, represented by the US Agency for International Development (USAID). In doing so, they express their support for Peru in the fight against the loss and damage of forests and thus contribute to the sustainable development of the country.

The United States and the United Kingdom are added – Peru, Germany and Norway remain in it In 2014, even before the World Climate Conference in Lima (English), Germany and Norway (English) established a partnership with the aim of helping Peru protect its tropical rainforests to support. The Peruvian tropical forest is the fourth largest in the world and, after Brazil, the largest in the Amazon. Today’s declaration of intent is a continuation of the original declaration from 2014 (external PDF, English, 508 KB). Both the UK and the US signed the Memorandum of Understanding for the first time. Peruvian rainforests are huge carbon sinks, yet exposed to myriad threats. The Peruvian government is constantly trying to take decisive action against these and to reduce them (see the list of results below).

The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety have jointly mobilized funds totaling 210 million euros for projects that pursue the goals of the joint declaration of intent. Germany has already made a large part of the support payments. By signing the renewed declaration of intent, Germany confirms its ongoing support for the goals contained therein and expresses its willingness to further expand the already extensive cooperation with Peru. REDD +) a solid foundation on which we can build our cooperation in the field of forest and climate protection. We share a common conviction across national and institutional borders: economic prosperity and healthy ecosystems are mutually dependent, ”said Svenja Schulze, Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety.

Norway: A proud partner of PeruNorway (English) extends its commitment from the original declaration of intent from 2014 (external PDF, English, 508 KB) to the year 2025 and will be Peru’s stake with up to 1,800 million Norwegian kroner (NOK) – this corresponds to more than US $ 200 million (USD). “We are very proud to partner with Peru. Although Peru has been hit particularly hard by the pandemic, the country continues to fight climate change and protect its forests. We are also extremely happy that the US and UK have joined us, ”said Norwegian Environment and Climate Minister Sveinung Rotevatn. Up to NOK 1500 million from the Norwegian funds will be paid in the event of declining deforestation rates after certification the standard of the independent initiative Architecture for REDD + Transactions (English). Norway guarantees a minimum price of USD 10 per tonne of emissions saved. “We want to help Peru and other countries that are successfully reducing their deforestation rate to gain access to additional sources of finance. I hope that we can motivate more and more companies to support us. The start of the work of the LEAF Coalition last month is certainly a good starting point for this ”, said Minister Rotevatn.

United Kingdom: Focus on Nature The United Kingdom will support the implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding as a new partner. The country works closely with Peru to promote sustainable business models that do not harm the forest. These include, for example, agroforestry projects in the Amazon region that are emerging from the indigenous communities. In order to effectively use the restart after the coronavirus pandemic and successfully put an end to deforestation and damage to forests, the United Kingdom’s international climate finance program is helping Peru to mobilize private sector investment for nature-based solutions that the Climate change and biodiversity loss can be successfully tackled. “I am delighted that the UK wants to strengthen its partnership with Peru to put an end to deforestation together and to work together to protect biodiversity. As chair of the G7 and COP 26, we are placing nature conservation at the center of our joint global fight against climate change. That’s why we’ve committed to deploying at least £ 3 billion from our international climate finance. In doing so, we are promoting efforts to protect and restore nature, reduce the global rate of deforestation and support communities that rely on forests for their livelihood, ”said Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park, British Minister of State for the Pacific and the Environment for Foreign Affairs, Commonwealth and Development (English) and the UK Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (English).

USA: Call for more cooperation The USA, represented by the US Agency for International Development (USAID), signed this agreement as an observer. The country is thus supporting the goals of the Memorandum of Understanding through a US $ 47.5 million program that is already being implemented to promote sustainable forestry practices. ”In the Memorandum of Understanding recently signed by USAID and the Peruvian ministries for the Environment, Agriculture, Economy and Finance and the Peruvian Cabinet of Ministers, it calls for stronger cooperation in forest policy-making and reforms at national and regional level. In addition, it represents an important instrument with which the goals of the joint declaration of intent are strengthened and the efforts of the entire Peruvian government are further harmonized in the implementation of this cross-cutting task, ”said the head of the USAID representation in Peru, Jene C. Thomas.

The Memorandum of Understanding (external PDF, English, 435 KB) between Germany and Norway was signed in 2014 after the deforestation rate had reached a new high of around 164,000 hectares in the previous year. The figures recently published by the Peruvian Ministry of the Environment (external PDF, Spanish, 6 MB) show that the annual deforestation rate averaged 131,500 hectares in the period 2010 to 2019. In recent years, Peru has taken important measures to halt deforestation areas and fight the climate crisis. Some important examples: Peru established the Yavarí Tapiche Conservation Area to protect endangered indigenous groups who have previously lived deep in the Amazon rainforest without contact with the outside world. The area extends over an area of ​​approximately 1,100,000 hectares, which corresponds to the size of Jamaica. In 2015, Peru established a new, breathtaking national park (English) in the Peruvian Amazon rainforest along the Sierra del Divisor mountain range on the Brazilian border . This national park is located on an area of ​​1,300,000 hectares, an area of ​​largely untouched virgin forest, a unique habitat for wild animals and a place where indigenous communities live who have previously had no contact with the outside world ) Peru has entered into forest protection agreements with indigenous communities covering an area of ​​2,900,000 hectares of forest. Peru has transferred ownership of more than 1,200,000 hectares of forest to indigenous communities. Indigenous communities play an important role in the protection of the Peruvian forests and are actively involved in the implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding. Peru has created new and regional nature reserves, thus protecting 4,800,000 hectares of forest. Peru has also made progress in establishing a public land register for the granting of land rights, implementing zoning, zoning and forest management strategies and allocating forest use rights. In December 2020, Peru presented more ambitious emission reduction targets in line with the Paris Agreement (External PDF, Spanish, 60 MB).

In this context, representatives of the ministries, regional governments and the indigenous communities of Peru agreed that this renewal of the joint declaration of intent represents a wonderful opportunity to promote the productive protection of forests and the country’s commitment to climate protection More drive and ambition to follow suit. Despite the progress already made, much remains to be done to protect the Peruvian rainforest. Science leaves no doubt that if the world is to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, it will have to significantly and promptly reduce the rate of deforestation in tropical rainforests worldwide while reforming the energy system. ”Each of these measures will contribute to the implementation and achievement of our nationally determined contributions and the implementation of national and sectoral strategies to reduce deforestation. Thanks to our strong alliance, we underline that climate protection is both necessary and possible as well as beneficial for all Peruvians, ”said the Peruvian Environment Minister Gabriel Quijandría Acosta.

06/03/2021 | Press release No. 116/21 | International environmental policy

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