MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Its opening will improve transport services for 200 thousand residents of the Basmanny and Sokolinaya Gora districts.
In the capital opened the station “Electrozavodskaya” of the Big Circle Line (BCL) metro.
“This is the tenth station of the Big Circle Line. In fact, one third of the work has been completed. What is also very important: a huge reserve has been made. About 90 percent of the tunnels of the Big Circle Line have been completed, two thirds of the construction work has been completed. So the task for the next years is to launch 10 BCL stations every year, in order to complete the main work in 2022. This is a megaproject, a huge project that millions of Muscovites are waiting for, ”said
According to him, the Big Circle Line is a project that will change all Moscow metro lines: it will relieve the radial directions, make possible connections between districts that were not previously connected, and qualitatively improve the transport situation.
The Mayor of Moscow thanked the metro builders for the gift they made to Muscovites on New Year’s Eve, and also congratulated them on the upcoming holidays.
“In addition to the Big Circle Line, you are building a number of other directions: you continue the Solntsevskaya branch, the lines to Troitsk and to the Severny area. There is no end to work, but the work is very necessary and important. Therefore, we have not stopped the construction of the metro for a week this year, despite the pandemic, ”added Sergei Sobyanin.
Construction of the Electrozavodskaya station as part of the section of the Big Circle Line from Nizhegorodskaya to Savelovskaya began in 2016. It is located in the Basmanny District, not far from the intersection of the Semenovskaya Embankment and the Kazan direction of the Moscow Railway (MZD).
Until the completion of the BCL construction, the station will operate as part of the Nekrasovskaya line. Starting from December 31, trains run from the Nekrasovka station to the Electrozavodskaya BCL.
“The Electrozavodskaya station of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line was opened in 1944, and construction did not stop at the height of the war. In the midst of a pandemic, we are building again, despite difficult conditions, ”the Moscow Mayor stressed.
Underground parking, bridge and comfortable travel
Electrozavodskaya station is shallow, columnar, three-span. Passengers will be able to use one ground lobby, which leads to Semyonovskaya Embankment, as well as change trains to the stations of the same name on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya metro line and suburban railway communication (in the future – MCD-3), having walked about 200 meters along the street. The construction of an underground transfer between metro stations is planned to be completed by the end of 2022.
The passenger area of the station is two-level. Four stairs lead from the platform to the upper level, located above the right-hand aisle tunnel. Further along the escalators installed in the northern end, passengers go up to the ground lobby, and in the future they will be able to move from the central zone to the underground passage leading to the Electrozavodskaya station of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya metro line.
One of the station’s track walls is decorated with a large-scale historical panel “Battle of Heroes” 163 meters long, which captures the collective image of the defender of Ancient Rus. The panel is made on glass using multicolor printing technique. In combination with other decorative elements – lighting and volumetric structures – this made it possible to create an integral spatial composition. Two rows of columns are connected by longitudinal beams, in round through openings of which station lamps are installed.
The columns are faced with polished slabs of garnet amphibolite (mined in Karelia at the Nigrozero deposit). It is a high density mineral that is safe and protected from various types of damage. The floor is paved with polished slabs of gabbro-diabase, the stairs – light gray granite.
The territory adjacent to the station was landscaped. The area of granite paving is 10.6 thousand square meters, and the road surface is 10.5 thousand square meters. Also, landscaping was carried out here (10.4 thousand square meters), 30 benches and 20 urns were installed.
Also, within the boundaries of the pit of the station, an underground parking lot is being built, designed for 64 cars. The construction is planned to be completed in 2021.
The plans for the development of the Elektrozavodskaya transport interchange hub (TPU) include the construction of a pedestrian bridge across the Yauza with a length of almost 85 meters. It will connect the Semenovskaya and Rubtsovskaya embankments. The bridge is supposed to be built from light modern materials and glazed with translucent polycarbonate. Thanks to him, the metro will become more accessible for residents of Rubtsovskaya embankment and neighboring streets.
In addition, as part of the creation of the TPU, they will reconstruct the road network, including the Projected Passage No. 789 and Golyanovskiy Passage, equip flat parking lots and put the adjacent territory in order. The commercial part of TPU will include a complex of residential and office buildings with open terraces and parking lots.
The opening of the Electrozavodskaya station of the BKL will improve transport services for 200 thousand residents of the Basmanny and Sokolinaya Gora districts. Passengers of the Nekrasovskaya line will be able to transfer to the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line for passengers of the Nekrasovskaya metro line, and will also provide an opportunity to transfer to the Nekrasovskaya line for passengers of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya metro line and the Kazan direction of the Moscow railway (in the future – MCD-3).
“Savelovskaya” – “Nizhegorodskaya”: north-eastern section of the BCL
The 14 km section will have seven stations: Nizhegorodskaya, Aviamotornaya, Lefortovo, Elektrozavodskaya, Sokolniki, Rizhskaya, Maryina Roshcha). In addition, the section includes a 1.9-kilometer connecting line to the Nizhegorodskoye depot.
The northeastern section of the BCL is planned to be opened by 2022How the Big Circle Metro Line is being built
The construction of this section of the BCL takes place in three stages. The section “Nizhegorodskaya” – “Lefortovo” 5.8 kilometers long (three stations) was opened on March 27, 2020, it operates as part of the Nekrasovskaya metro line. The section “Lefortovo” – “Electrozavodskaya” 0.7 kilometers long (one station) was opened on December 31, 2020, it also works as part of the pink line. The section “Electrozavodskaya” – “Savelovskaya” will be built at the third stage. It will include three stations, and its length will be 7.2 kilometers. Construction is scheduled to be completed in 2022.
The construction readiness of the Aviamotornaya – Savelovskaya section is 81 percent. Tunneling completed. Three stations are under construction: Sokolniki, Rizhskaya and Maryina Roshcha.
The construction of the Big Circle Line of the Moscow Metro is the world’s largest metro construction project.
The BCL will be 70 kilometers long, there will be 31 stations and three electric depots (including the existing Kakhovskaya – Kashirskaya section). Thus, it could become the longest metro ring line in the world, overtaking the second ring line of the Beijing metro, the largest to date among underground rings (57 kilometers).
The BCL will connect the existing and prospective radial lines at a distance of up to 10 kilometers from the existing Circle Line, which will unload the first (stations inside the ring) and the second (the Ring Line itself) interchange circuits of the Moscow metro.
In the course of construction work, technical solutions are being laid that will allow to connect new metro radii to the Big Circle Line – Rublevo-Arkhangelskaya line at Karamyshevskaya station, Kommunarskaya line at Ulitsa Novatorov station, promising line to Biryulevo and Shcherbinka at Klenovy Boulevard station …
From BKL stations it will be possible to make 23 transfers to other metro lines, four to the Moscow Central Circle (MCC), six to the Moscow Central Diameters (MCD) MCD-1 “Belorussko-Savelovsky” (Odintsovo – Lobnya) and MCD-2 ” Kursko-Rizhsky “(Nakhabino – Podolsk), 11 – on the railway line. The largest TPUs of the Big Circle Line will be Delovoy Tsentr, Savelovskaya, Nizhegorodskaya, Ulitsa Novatorov and a number of others.
For the first time, the idea of building a BCL appeared in 1985, but it was not possible to implement it due to lack of resources and for other reasons. The project was started a quarter of a century later.
The decision to start the construction of the BCL was made by Sergei Sobyanin. The construction of the line is divided into sections:
– north-western section from Delovoy Tsentr station to Savelovskaya station. It includes the stages “Business Center” – “Petrovsky Park” (opened for passengers on February 26, 2018) and “Petrovsky Park” – “Savelovskaya” (opened on December 30, 2018);
– northeastern section from Savelovskaya station to Nizhegorodskaya station. Stages: Nizhegorodskaya – Lefortovo (became available for passengers on March 27, 2020), Lefortovo – Electrozavodskaya and Electrozavodskaya – Savelovskaya;
– western section from the Khoroshevskaya station to Kuntsevskaya. Stages: “Khoroshevskaya” – “Karamyshevskaya” and “Karamyshevskaya” – “Kuntsevskaya”;
– south-western section from Kuntsevskaya station to Prospekt Vernadsky station. Stages: “Aminevskaya” – “Vernadsky Avenue”, “Kuntsevskaya” – “Aminevskaya”;
– southern section from Prospekt Vernadsky station to Kakhovskaya station (including the reconstruction of the Kashirskaya – Kakhovskaya section);
– the eastern section from the Kashirskaya station to the Nizhegorodskaya station.
Driving of 92 percent of the BCL tunnels has already been completed. The overall construction readiness of the ring is 72 percent.
Metro construction: results of 2020
Since 2011, 305 kilometers of lines, 148 stations, three additional lobbies of the metro, MCC and MCD, as well as 10 electric depots have been put into operation.
– section from “Maryin” to “Zyablikov” (three stations);
– section from Maryina Roshcha to Seligerskaya (six stations);
– the second entrance hall of the Maryina Roshcha station;
– the second lobby of the Petrovsko-Razumovskaya station.
– section from Novogireev to Novokosin (one station);
– section from Delovoy Tsentr to Ramenok (five stations);
– section from “Ramenki” to “Rasskazovka” (seven stations).
– section from Krasnogvardeyskaya to Alma-Atinskaya (one station);
– Technopark station;
– section from “River Station” to “Khovrin” (two stations).
– section from “Mitin” to “Pyatnitskoe shosse” (one station).
– section from Vykhino to Kotelniki (three stations);
– “Spartak” station.
– section from “Starokachalovskaya Street” to “Bitsevsky Park” (two stations).
– section from “Yugo-Zapadnaya” to “Salaryev” (three stations);
– the section from Salaryev to Kommunarka (four stations).
– section from Kosin to Nekrasovka (four stations);
– section from Aviamotornaya to Kosin (five stations).
Big ring line:
– section from Delovoy Tsentr to Savelovskaya (six stations);
– section from Aviamotornaya to Lefortovo (one station);
– section from Lefortovo to Elektrozavodskaya (one station).
– the second lobby of the Mezhdunarodnaya station.
Moscow Central Circle – 31 stations.
Moscow Central Diameters (MCD-1, MCD-2) – 60 stations, 20 of which became interchange stations on the metro lines, MCC and MCD.
Electric depot (including reconstruction): Mitino, Brateevo, Pechatniki, Vykhino, Planernoe, Nizhegorodskoe, Likhobory, Solntsevo, Vladykino and Rudnevo.
Since the beginning of 2020, 17.93 kilometers of lines have been commissioned, as well as seven new stations of the Moscow metro, including:
– the second section of the Nekrasovskaya line from Aviamotornaya to Kosin, 11.33 kilometers long (five stations – Aviamotornaya, Nizhegorodskaya, Stakhanovskaya, Okskaya and Yugo-Vostochnaya);
– the north-eastern section of the BCL from Aviamotornaya to Lefortovo, 2.99 kilometers long (Lefortovo station);
– northeastern section of the BCL from Lefortovo to Elektrozavodskaya – 0.7 km (Electrozavodskaya station);
– turnaround dead ends behind the Delovoy Tsentr station, 1.4 kilometers long;
– dead ends on the section of the Sokolnicheskaya line between the stations “Salaryevo” and “Kommunarka” – 1.51 kilometers;
– transfer from the Dynamo station of the Zamoskvoretskaya line to the Petrovsky Park station.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.