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Source: Destatis Federal Statistical Office

Press release No. 535 from December 29, 2020

WIESBADEN – The year 2020 became the “Corona year” in March at the latest. The SARS-CoV-2 virus had reached Germany, from then on the pandemic and its consequences dominated the news and people’s everyday lives. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) has made the consequences of the crisis visible in numerous of its more than 650 press releases and with new data offers. But official statistics also reported interesting facts outside the crisis. A statistical annual review.

January: German economy grew for the tenth time in a row in 2019

A Price-adjusted gross domestic product (GDP) growth of just 0.6% – this figure will be announced by the Federal Statistical Office on January 15th. Although the German economy grew for the tenth time in a row in 2019, the momentum had slackened significantly. The decline in GDP in the 1st quarter of 2020 and the subsequent historic slump in the 2nd quarter of 2020 are still not foreseeable, even though the “new type of corona virus” is making its way more and more into the news and Europe. The airlines will stop their connections to and from China in the second half of January, and the Federal Statistical Office will then examine them Passenger numbers on these routes.

February: Climate change – the topic (almost) displaced by the pandemic

Climate change and its consequences – that would probably have been the topic of the year had the corona pandemic not hit the world. Extreme weather conditions cause problems for ecosystems, and so for forests. In February the hurricane “Sabine” raged across the country. The consequences of such storms and the increasing drought can be seen in the so-called damaged wood felling: 2018 was the Felling caused by wind and storm damage almost four times as high as 2017, and 2019 was that Logging due to insect infestation almost three times as high as in 2018.

March: Empty shelves due to “hamster purchases” in the first month of lockdown

In order to curb the infection process, the federal and state governments decide on a “lockdown”, the extensive shutdown of public life through to the closure of schools and daycare centers. The supermarkets, the drugstores – everything that serves the supply of goods on a daily basis – remain open. And it is “hoarded”. The symbol of stock purchases is the toilet paper: With experimental data the Federal Statistical Office shows that toilet paper sales rose three times the normal level in mid-March, and disinfectants are in demand more than eight times as much at the beginning of the month than in normal times. When it comes to flour or pasta, too, consumers often look at empty shelves.

April: The economic consequences of the crisis become visible

Rapidly available yet reliable data are essential for assessing the consequences of a crisis. The Federal Statistical Office and the Federal Office for Goods Transport (BAG) are therefore updating their fastest economic indicator, the truck toll mileage index, now temporarily every working day instead of monthly. That published on April 9th Result for March shows: The mileage of the toll trucks on the motorways has fallen by a seasonally adjusted 5.9% compared to February – the strongest decrease ever recorded since the introduction of the truck toll in 2005. The special page “Corona statistics“Online, which bundles statistics on economic and social consequences of the crisis.

May: Death numbers show excess mortality in Germany – “Crisis Monitor” allows comparison between the corona crisis and the global financial and economic crisis

With a special evaluation of the number of deaths, the Federal Statistical Office shows that in Germany excess mortality since the end of March Template. This means that more people died than the average between 2016 and 2019 at this time of the year, although the annual flu epidemic was already considered over. in the April finally as many deaths were counted as last in April 1977 May The number of deaths fell below the average for the years 2016 to 2019. In the meantime, the severity of the economic crisis is becoming clear: the Federal Statistical Office shares its Quick message on May 15 that the gross domestic product in the 1st quarter of 2020, price, seasonally and calendar adjusted, fell by 2.2% compared to the 4th quarter of 2019 (revised result of November 24, 2020: -1.9%). That was the sharpest decline since the financial and economic crisis of 2008/2009. These and other crisis comparisons now also allow the newly published “Crisis monitor“.

June: The population in Germany is growing, but not as fast as in previous years

The Germany’s population is also 2019 grown, but more slowly than in previous years. At the end of 2019, 83.2 million people were living in Germany, 147,000 people or 0.2% more than at the end of 2018, according to the Federal Statistical Office on June 19. Since 2011 the population has grown, after the immigration-related record growth in 2015 (+978,000 people or +1.2%) but in 2019 only at the level of 2012 (+196,000 people or +0.2%) .

July: Historic slump in economic output in the 2nd quarter of 2020

On July 30th, and thus for the first time 30 instead of 45 days after the end of the quarter, the Federal Statistical Office will publish the first results on the development of gross domestic product in the 2nd quarter of 2020. The German economy is experiencing a historic slump: the price, seasonally and calendar-adjusted GDP is loud Quick message decreased by 10.1% in the 2nd quarter of 2020 compared to the 1st quarter of 2020. After revised result At -9.8%, the minus was somewhat lower than initially reported, but this was by far the largest decline since the quarterly GDP calculations for Germany began in 1970. It was significantly stronger than during the financial and economic crisis (-4.7% in the 1st quarter of 2009).

August: So few road accidents in the first half of 2020 as never since 1990

Lockdown, contact restrictions, home office – the measures to contain the pandemic meant that road traffic temporarily decreased significantly in the spring. A result: Almost a fifth fewer road traffic accidents in the first half of 2020 than in the same period of the previous year. Since the German reunification in 1990, fewer people died in road traffic from January to June, as the Federal Statistical Office reported on August 21. From the beginning of March to the end of June even happened year-on-year a good quarter fewer road accidents.

September: “Germany Quiz” on 30 years of German unity

In the run-up to the 30th anniversary of German unity, the Federal Statistical Office will publish its “Germany quiz“. In 30 questions, the users’ knowledge of similarities between regions in East and West is asked: Where in East and West Germany are there a similar number of newborns with unmarried parents? Where is the gross domestic product per capita similar? Where does it take a similar long time to the nearest international airport? The Germany quiz paints a complex, detailed picture of Germany. The focus is not on the differences, not what divides, but what the regions have in common.

October: Mobility in Corona hotspots falls above average

Corona will not give up: The so-called “second wave” with rapidly increasing Covid-19 case numbers is rolling in. Many regions in Germany exceeded the limit of more than 50 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants within the previous seven days. With its experimental mobility indicators based on cell phone data, the Federal Statistical Office shows that the Mobility in the “Corona hotspots“Decreases more than in regions below the critical 7-day incidence. Still it sinks Mobility on a national average only after the “lockdown light” came into force on November 2nd for the first time since June for a week below the previous year’s level. The economy has since recovered in the third quarter of 2020, which price, seasonally and calendar adjusted GDP increased by 8.5% compared to the 2nd quarter of 2020. A development in the form of a “V”, ie a rapid recovery after an abrupt slump, was recognizable in many areas of the economy. Nevertheless, economic management remained 4.0% below the level of the 4th quarter of 2019, the quarter before the start of the global corona crisis.

November: In future, more people aged 65 and over than those under 20 in employment

Due to the demographic change In 2030 there will probably be more people in the labor force between the ages of 65 and 74 than those under the age of 20. That shows Labor force forecast 2020. At the beginning of the next decade, 1.5 to 2.4 million people will be 65 to 74 years old and only about 1.1 million 15 to 19 years old. In 2019, both groups comprised 1.2 million economically active people. By the year 2060, the total number of economically active people between 15 and 74 years of age will then – depending on the underlying assumptions – decrease from 43.6 million in 2019 to at least 41.5 million and at most 33.3 million. The main reason for the decline in the number of economically active persons: the baby boomers from 1955 to 1970 will retire from working age in the next 25 years.

December: Dashboard Germany completes new data offer – start of vaccinations against the corona virus for 5.7 million people aged 80 and over

On December 15th the “Dashboard Germany“Online. With the interactive portal, the Federal Statistical Office bundles the latest data from official statistics and other data providers. Right from the start, the dashboard shows the current situation in Germany with more than 100 indicators on the topics of economy and finance as well as health and mobility. The offer also serves as an indicator for the Corona crisis. At the end of the year, the vaccination starts: On December 27, vaccinations against the corona virus will begin in Germany, initially for around 5.7 million people aged 80 and over, many of which to the 0.82 million inpatients in nursing homes belong.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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