MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The 19th century well was once part of the Mytishchi water pipeline, a colossal structure that supplied the city with clean water. Now it has been restored and turned into an exhibit of an open-air museum.
An old well can now be seen near the Rostokinsky aqueduct. This is a unique object of the 19th century urban infrastructure, which was museumified after restoration. Experts date it to 1830. The diameter of the cast-iron cover of the well is 102 centimeters, and the diameter of the stone ring, consisting of seven blocks, is approximately 143 centimeters.
It was once part of the Mytishchi water supply system. Construction began in 1779. For a long time it was the main source of clean drinking water for Muscovites, until in 1903 the Rublevskaya water pumping station, which supplied Moskvoretskaya water, began to work.
“The well is a part of the engineering structure of the Mytishchi water pipeline of the second stage. It is not only an archaeological site, but also a monument to the history of science and technology of that time. The Mytishchi water supply system is an ancient structure, fragments of which have survived on the territory of Moscow. The restorers have carefully put the well in order, and now everyone can see it in the park near the Rostokinsky aqueduct, ”said the head of the Moscow City Cultural Heritage Department Alexey Emelyanov…
The head of the department said that the well was innovative for its time. The fact is that it is collapsible and typical, built of standard bricks, but with preserved handmade elements. So, for example, the head (upper part) of the well is made of white stone blocks, hewn by hand and carefully fitted to each other, with a large cast-iron cover. This cover is an example of the high development of metallurgy in Russia during the reign of Nicholas I.
It is noteworthy that the well was found during archaeological observations carried out during the landscaping work under the program “My street” in 2017. He was found near house 28 on Sretenka Street. Then the question arose of how to preserve the historical site and make it available to the general public. It was received the decision to restore the well and open-air museums.
The restoration work was carried out by teachers and students of the restoration department of the College of Architecture, Design and Reengineering No. 26 (“26 KADR”) under the scientific and methodological guidance of the State Research Institute of Restoration. The result of the restoration work was noted at the Moscow Government competition “Moscow Restoration” in 2018.
The prefecture of the North-Eastern Administrative District came up with a proposal to place a well on the territory next to the Rostokinsky aqueduct. Now it can become a new landmark of the city and a point in excursion routes dedicated to the history of the Moscow water supply system.
The well was installed and secured; a metal plate with a QR code was made for it. In the future, next to the well, there will be information boards about the history of the water supply system, archaeological works, how the well was discovered and the stages of its restoration. The object will be taken care of annually by the students-restorers of the college “26 KADR” as an industrial practice.
There are about 400 archaeological sites in the capital. As a rule, they are discovered through archaeological exploration or archaeological research during repairs, construction works or street improvement. Unlike finds, these are large objects that are difficult or even impossible to transfer. We are talking about ruins and fragments of ancient buildings and structures, traces of settlements, ancient burials.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.