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Source: France-Diplomatie – Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development

1. Brexit – Statement issued by M. Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, and M. Clément Beaune, Minister of State for European Affairs, attached to the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs (Paris, 24/12/2020)

After several months of difficult and sometimes tense discussions, the European Commission, negotiating on behalf of the EU, and the United Kingdom reached an agreement today.

France welcomes the fact that throughout the negotiations, the unity and resolve of the 27 member states never wavered.

As France has always maintained, reaching a good agreement with the United Kingdom is key to ensuring the protection of our citizens, our producers and our fishermen.

Significant progress has been made, including in the final hours of the negotiations. We must now verify that our key points have been fully taken into consideration.

France will continue to work resolutely toward promoting a strong, united and sovereign Europe./.


2. European affairs – COVID-19 – United Kingdom – Brexit – European Union – Interview given by M. Clément Beaune, Minister of State for European Affairs, attached to the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, to BFM TV (Paris, 23/12/2020)

(…)

A – On the situation with the United Kingdom, on Sunday we adopted an emergency and precautionary measure, which was severe but necessary for health protection, given the alerts we received over the weekend from the British authorities. And on Sunday evening we said, particularly for our nationals, that we were searching for a solution and encouraging them to carry out PCR tests, because those are the most comprehensive ones.

And yesterday evening, after discussions with our European partners, after talks with the British authorities, we announced a pragmatic and safe solution for our nationals in particular. If you’re a French national, a European national in the UK or a permanent British resident in France, you can return on the strict condition that prior to embarkation you present a negative test taken under 72 hours earlier – a PCR test or, to facilitate things, an antigen test, because it’s quicker, less costly, and we’ve even very specifically created a list on the Internet showing the full list of antigen tests that are recognized and sensitive to the new version of the virus.

Does this mean you believe the situation is, from a health viewpoint, sufficiently under control to authorize these returns with a test, even though, as we know, the tests aren’t always reliable, particularly the antigen tests?

A – Well, we’re being very cautious. The principle remains that you mustn’t travel. So it’s not an encouragement to come for just any reason. But this is a festive period, we have our nationals: we always seek solutions for our nationals, that’s our responsibility. So it’s very regulated. But we believe it’s sufficiently safe and reliable to have a PCR test under 72 hours old or, you’re right, antigen tests are sometimes a bit less sensitive, a bit less reliable – that’s why we have a very specific list [of tests] which we know are sensitive to variants of the virus, which we defined yesterday with our Health Ministry and which is specified on the Internet for everyone who wants to take them.

I also want to say that France carried out this European coordination. We’re not the only ones with these few limited flexibilities. But we also have a special role, because movement, particularly of goods between France and the UK, is movement for the whole of Europe. We’re the hub, as it were, the platform, the central node of the relationship between the UK and Europe – through the Channel Tunnel, through the arrival of goods. So we also had to oversee things, but leave this specific crossing that was safe and regulated in health terms.

Just on the PCR tests: indeed, you emphasized the cost, in some cases up to euro200. Well, when it’s a family… that’s huge!

A – Of course. I want to say that in France the tests are free – which also carries a cost for our compatriots – and that the Government is legitimately making efforts to facilitate these tests. And that’s not the case for everyone, including in the United Kingdom. It’s costly and it’s sometimes lengthy. That’s why we said on Sunday evening, “if you can do it, do it”. And the antigen tests are often a lot faster, more easily available, and less costly. So that’s also one of the reasons why, given that they’re reliable for the variant of the virus, we authorized them.

Will there be enough trains, enough planes, enough boats to repatriate everyone who wants to be? Because you’re asking for a special effort from Eurostar, for example…

A – I talked to the Minister [Delegate] for Transport, M. Djebbari, again yesterday. We’ll adapt the provision as much as possible to the necessary traffic. For the time being, what we’ve seen instead is that in recent days the traffic on trains and planes has been quite low. There will probably be a slight increase linked to the festive period. But we’ll adapt the provision as much as possible together with the operators, of course, so that it goes ahead smoothly.

Earlier you mentioned the lorries everyone’s talking about – we’ve seen those endless queues in southern England, those lorries waiting to cross the Channel. So can they do so, also using the same method?

A – Using the same method. That’s why we took a few hours longer, because it’s not about laying down a principle, things have to work in real life, so together with the British Transport Secretary, the British Government, we identified places where lorry drivers, before crossing to the other side, before embarking, particularly via the Tunnel, will be able to have quick antigen tests. That’s being organized with the British authorities, because you’ve got to have significant places to organize all that. We’ve seen queues of lorries – you showed it in the picture, it’s very striking. It’s not a political decision, we took a health decision. But I really want to say to all those who explain to us that the only response to everything is always to close borders permanently, definitively, that it’s not as simple as that: on the contrary. And it sometimes penalizes our factories – as we saw with Toyota – and our economy. So we’re going to find solutions that are safe in health terms, with these tests carried out before embarkation.

Is there a risk of shortages? Because, well, we can clearly see not all those lorries are going to be able to return as quickly as planned.

A – No, there’s no risk shortages for France or for us – none. There are difficulties for some businesses, for fresh or very fresh produce. It’s been difficult because produce has been lost, there’s a wait of a few days, we can clearly see things move quite fast. That’s also one of the reasons why we wanted to authorize these crossings again, through a highly-regulated health protocol, but no, let’s not frighten people, there’s no risk of shortages. It penalizes the British much more, who have accumulated stocks in recent weeks in the run-up to Brexit, as we’ve seen.

One last word on the UK: you’ve taken a decision which is still temporary?

A – Yes, until 6 January.

ntil 6 January? Is that because after 6 January the situation ma change again depending on the spread of the epidemic in the UK?

A – Exactly. We must constantly adapt to the health information. So like Germany, we’ve taken a measure until 6 January and we’ll adapt the arrangements in the very first days of 2021 if need be.

A question now on the vaccine and European cooperation because, as we know, the 27 members of the European Union are going to launch this vaccination campaign at the same time. Can you also confirm this morning that it won’t be 27 [December] for some and 28 for others?

A – We’ve given a launch window because countries can organize themselves a bit differently. There are some countries where Sunday is a day for visits etc., to nursing homes or old people’s homes, so everyone can be slightly flexible. But we have a three-day window – I think, after all, it’s well coordinated – during which Europeans together will launch the vaccination period. The first phase – and in most of the countries it’ll be Sunday: the Health Minister said so for France, and that will also be the case for Germany. It’s honestly a real European success: we’re buying more cheaply. We were talking about the UK; in the UK the doses being purchased are up to 1.5 times, two times higher, more costly, than in France, thanks to the European purchase we made together. So I also want to emphasize this aspect: we’re better protected, at a lower cost, and with coordinated vaccination in Europe.

Look at the pictures, live from Belgium, where lorries are clustering around a factory to pick up the first vaccines and take them to France, among other places.

A – Absolutely. It’s a factory in Belgium that is producing the first vaccine, the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine. I stress that it’s also this factory that produces the vaccines that were delivered to the UK a few days ago. So you see, again, that the European dimension is strong and we can’t cut ourselves off from one another. Those lorries are going to bring the first doses to France in the next few hours.

What we’ve managed to do on the vaccine – European cooperation – we can’t manage to do on the closure of borders with the UK, where everyone’s gone off in every direction, in a way. Is it more complicated?

A – I’m happy for people to criticize, but look honestly at what happened on Sunday. The French President spoke to Chancellor Merkel on Sunday morning and 18 European countries took a measure closing [their borders] in the course of Sunday. We didn’t hang around, we coordinated, we did the same thing, more or less, but broadly speaking we honestly did the same thing, and today we’re in the process of coordinating so that the test protocols etc… are the same between the UK and the other European countries. It’s not all perfect, but when you see the vaccine, when you see those measures, to be honest, Health Europe has really taken giant steps in the space of a few weeks


3. United Kingdom – Limited resumption of the movement of people from the United Kingdom to France subject to negative health tests sensitive to the variant – Communiqué issued by the Government (Paris, 22/12/2020)

At midnight on Sunday 20 December, in view of the rapid development in the United Kingdom of the VUI-2020-12-01 variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, France – the first land, sea and air border for exchanges between the UK and the territory of the European area – totally suspended the movement of people and road transport from that country for 48 hours. Other suspension decisions were taken simultaneously in the majority of countries in the EU and beyond.

This period allowed consultation between the European Commission and the Member States based on the public health risk analysis published on 20 December by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), as well as constructive bilateral discussions between the French and British Governments.

In view of this situation, as from midnight on 22 December only the following categories of people will be authorized to travel in France or enter from the UK:

  • French people and nationals of the European area;

British or third-country nationals who either normally live in France, the European Union or the European area, or must make essential journeys as listed in the annex.

Travel by the categories of people concerned will automatically be subject to the requirement to have, prior to departure, the result of a negative test taken less than 72 hours earlier.

Whatever their nationality, all travellers will therefore be subject to the requirement to present to the airline or ferry or train company a document from a testing laboratory showing a negative result from a SARS-CoV-2 test. Staff responsible for border checks will thus be able to verify this.

In the absence of PCR tests, antigen tests sensitive to the VUI-2020-12-01 test will be authorized; a list of these will be published by the Ministry for Solidarity and Health.

Specific details of the resumption of goods traffic by road will be provided in the next few hours.

These arrangements will apply at least until 6 January, subject to any possible bilateral or European re-examination that might occur in the meantime.

Annex

Exemptions authorizing entry to French territory by British or third-country nationals entering France from the UK:

  • Third-country nationals holding a valid French or European residence permit or long-stay visa, whose main residence is in France or who are travelling via France to their main residence in a European Union or associated country;
  • Third-country nationals spending less than 24 hours in international transit areas;
  • Members of delegations on official missions, staff of diplomatic or consular missions, or members of international organizations with headquarters or offices in France, and their spouses or children;
  • Foreign health professionals involved in combating COVID-19;
  • Foreign crews or staff working on passenger and cargo flights, or travelling as passengers to their starting point;
  • Foreign nationals transporting goods internationally;
  • Drivers or crew members of passenger coaches or trains;
  • Crew members or people working on commercial or fishing vessels;
  • Students holding long-stay visas, short-stay visas for studies or internships (except short-stay student examination visas) or coming for fewer than 90 days from countries exempt from the short-stay visa requirement, or school-age minors with proof of accommodation in France;
  • Teachers or researchers employed or invited by French educational institutions or research laboratories, who are travelling for the purposes of study and teaching;
  • Third-country nationals with long-stay “talent passport” visas;

People with travel passes issued by the Interior Ministry’s General Directorate for Foreigners in France for the purposes of business, to be with a spouse or for medical reasons./.

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