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The exposition of the Museum “Memory Road” presents the tunic of the legendary Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Rokossovsky. The memory of him and his contribution to the Victory is carefully preserved and passed on from generation to generation.

Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky was born into the family of a machinist in the city of Velikiye Luki on December 21, 1896. My father was a Pole, so the family almost immediately moved to Warsaw. Father died when Constantine was six years old. He died tragically in a train accident. In 1911 he lost his mother as well.

The beginning of his military career was participation in the First World War, where Konstantin volunteered and rose to the rank of non-commissioned officer. After the revolution he joined the ranks of the Red Army. For his services in the fight against Kolchak, he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. In 1937 he became a victim of Stalinist repression. He was arrested in a trumped-up case and accused of having links with foreign intelligence. Rokossovsky pleaded not guilty and was released in 1940 with the restoration of his rights.

With the outbreak of World War II, Rokossovsky commanded the 9th Mechanized Corps. Almost immediately he was appointed commander of the 4th Army. He managed to hold back the advance of the German armies on the western front. During the battle for Moscow, Rokossovsky commanded the 16th Army and directed the defense of Volokolamsk, Solnechnogorsk and Yakhroma. For special services to the Fatherland he was awarded the rank of “Lieutenant General”. For personal merits in the battles near Moscow, Rokossovsky was awarded the Order of Lenin.

In the summer of 1942, Rokossovsky becomes the commander of the Bryansk front and prevents the Germans from trying to break through to the north, towards the city of Yelets. Rokossovsky’s talent played a large role in the Soviet counteroffensive at Stalingrad. For this he was awarded the Order of Suvorov I degree. In 1943, he leads the central front, which began defensive battles on the Kursk Bulge. A little later, he organizes an offensive and liberates large territories from the enemy. He also leads the liberation of Belarus, implementing the Bagration plan. Later he was transferred to command the second Belorussian front, which takes Warsaw. For this operation, he received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and became Marshal of the Soviet Union.

After the end of the war, Konstantin Rokossovsky commanded the Victory Parade in Moscow. On March 31, 1945, Marshal Rokossovsky was one of the first Soviet military leaders to be awarded the Order of Victory, and on May 2, 1945, he was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for the second time. And this is not a complete list of his awards.

In the post-war years, Marshal Rokossovsky was the commander-in-chief of the USSR troops stationed in Poland. Later he held various government positions, was the Minister of Defense. He died on August 3, 1968. The monument to Konstantin Rokossovsky was erected in April 2015 in Moscow on the boulevard of the same name. The opening of the monument was timed to coincide with the 70th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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