Source: US National Oceanographic Data Center
NCEI continues its six-year partnership with the NASA DEVELOP Program working with early-career scientists and university students. This nationwide program utilizes NASA Earth science satellite data to address diverse environmental issues impacting communities. At the DEVELOP NCEI location, participants work on projects that focus primarily on climate applications and incorporate NCEI climate data.
This fall, the DEVELOP NCEI team researched water resource forecasting in the Upper Missouri River Basin. This effort aims to better understand the effect of multiple years of extreme moisture deficit and surplus events impacting the region. The goal was to develop a tool to aid the effective communication of drought and flood risks through the creation of a Composite Moisture Index (CMI). The CMI incorporates soil moisture anomalies from the NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission and measures of snow cover and snow-water equivalent from Terra Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Snow Data Assimilation System (SNODAS).
The team partnered with the Montana Climate Office, the NWS Missouri Basin River Forecast Center, the NOAA Regional Climate Services of the Central Region, and the National Integrated Drought Information System on this project.