Source: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Accordingly, Vietnam’s child labour rate is approximately 2 percentage points lower than the regional average for Asia and the Pacific. The survey was conducted from November to December 2018. It identifies an estimated 9.1% of children aged 5-17 engaged in economic activities, and 5.3% (or more than 1 million) in child labour.
According to MoLISA Deputy Minister Nguyen Thi Ha, compared to findings from the first National Child LabourSurvey conducted in 2012, the latest figures point to an encouraging decrease in the prevalence of working children, which dropped from 15.5% of children in 2012 to 9.1% in 2018.
In line with global trends, 84% of children in child labourin Vietnam are concentrated in rural areas and just over half of them work in the agricultural, forestry and fishery sector. Other sectors where child labour is prevalent include the service sector and the industry and construction sector. Notably 40.5% of children in child labour work as unpaid family workers.
The survey estimates that nearly 520,000 children in Vietnam are engaged in hazardous child labour, or work which poses significant risks to a child’s health, safety or morals. Compared to the national average school attendance of 94.4%, only half of Vietnamese children in child labour attend school. However, figures indicate a positive trend in the overall percentage of working children attending school, which has risen to 63% compared to just 43.6% in 2012.
Early engagement in work has left serious consequences on children, affecting their harmonious development, hindering them from approaching and enjoying appropriate education and legitimate rights, and negatively impacting socio-economic development, especially the quality of human resources in the future, said Deputy Minister Ha.