MIL OSI Translation. Government of the Republic of France statements from French to English –
SOLIDARITY DEVELOPMENT AND THE FIGHT AGAINST GLOBAL INEQUALITIES
The Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs presented a programming bill relating to solidarity development and the fight against global inequalities.
The bill is intended to replace Law No. 2014-773 of July 7, 2014 on orientation and programming relating to development policy and international solidarity.
With this text, France is giving itself the means to fight more effectively against global inequalities and to protect global public goods, by promoting its values and priorities, as well as those of Europe, internationally. The review of the objectives, means and intervention methods of French international development policy is all the more essential in the context of the global crisis caused by the covid-19 pandemic, which spares no continent. This situation calls for a multilateral and coordinated response. A long-term effort is needed to prevent future crises that will combine, whether it is the emergence of new viruses due to the degradation of biodiversity, the increase in inequalities, the aggravation of poverty and poverty. food insecurity, or the development of fragilities.
This is why this bill makes the fight against poverty and the preservation of global public goods (in particular health, climate, biodiversity, education and equality between women and men) development policy priorities. It is about tackling the root causes of crises, by supporting the most vulnerable countries, particularly in Africa, towards more resilient, more inclusive and more sustainable growth models. It is also a matter of fully integrating development policy into the multilateral framework set by the international community in 2015 with the United Nations 2030 Agenda for sustainable development, the Paris Agreement on the climate and the Addis Ababa action program on financing for development, an essential framework for responding collectively to contemporary global challenges.
To meet these challenges, the bill provides for an upward trajectory in the appropriations allocated to official development assistance (ODA), in accordance with the commitment of the President of the Republic to increase France’s ODA to 0 , 55% of gross national income (GNI) in 2022. It sets the objectives of concentrating ODA towards the most vulnerable countries and in priority sectors (environment and climate, equality between women and men, crisis treatment and vulnerabilities, access to human rights, health, education, food security, water management).
The bill renews the methods of action of the development policy, in the form of a renewed partnership with the partner countries, in particular in Africa, and with all the development actors concerned in France, in particular the organizations of society. civil and local authorities. It favors innovative solutions for financing development because public resources will not be enough. To better assess the impact of France’s action and thus strengthen transparency on the use of the resources committed, the bill provides for the creation of an independent evaluation commission.
It also strengthens the architecture for piloting development policy, in particular state supervision over operators, to guarantee concrete results on the ground, for the benefit of populations directly affected by global imbalances.
Finally, this text empowers the Government to legislate by ordinance in order to provide France with an attractive system to welcome international institutions on French territory, in particular those which play a central role in the international development and preservation agenda. global public goods.
The text of the bill is the result of a broad consultation process with all development and international solidarity actors.
RULES FOR MEETING OF ASSEMBLIES AND LEADING BODIES OF LEGAL PERSONS UNDER PRIVATE LAW DURING THE HEALTH CRISIS
The Minister of the Economy, Finance and Recovery presented a bill ratifying Ordinance No. 2020-1497 of December 2, 2020 extending and modifying Ordinance No. 2020-321 of March 25, 2020 relating to adaptation of the rules for the meeting and deliberation of assemblies and governing bodies of legal persons and entities without legal personality under private law due to the covid-19 epidemic.
Taken on the basis of article 10 of law n ° 2020-1379 of 14 November 2020 authorizing the extension of the state of health emergency and establishing various measures for managing the health crisis, this new ordinance extends and adapts the exceptional rules of convocation, information, meeting and deliberation of assemblies and other bodies of persons and entities governed by private law in the context of the health crisis which appeared in ordinance n ° 2020-321 of March 25, 2020.
On the one hand, this new ordinance extends the application of the ordinance of 25 March 2020 until 1 April 2021, i.e. until the end of the transitional period of exit from the state of health emergency set by the law of 14 November 2020. In order to be able to adapt the duration of the device to the evolution of the health situation, this ordinance also provides for the possibility of further extending the application of the ordinance of 25 March 2020 beyond April 1, 2021, by decree in the Council of State, at the latest until July 31, 2021.
On the other hand, this new ordinance makes several adaptations to the provisions of the ordinance of March 25, 2020. The purpose of these adaptations was in particular to link more closely the possibility of organizing a general meeting behind closed doors to the health situation and the measures taken to respond, to strengthen the rights of members of assemblies when they are held behind closed doors, and to facilitate the remote adoption of decisions falling within the competence of assemblies.
A decree adapting and extending Decree n ° 2020-418 of April 10, 2020 adapting the rules for the meeting and deliberation of assemblies and governing bodies of legal persons and entities without legal personality under private law due to the epidemic of covid-19, as well as the extension of article 1 of decree n ° 2020-629 of 25 May 2020 relating to the functioning of the bodies of provident institutions and the joint guarantee fund provided for in article L. 931-35 of the code social security, will supplement these provisions by strengthening the guarantees offered to shareholders to ensure the full exercise of their rights during this period.
These various texts, thus extended and adapted to respond to the health situation, allow the assemblies and other bodies of persons and entities governed by private law to continue to exercise their missions despite the restrictive measures taken in response to the health crisis and so to ensure the continuity of the functioning of these entities.
ADAPTATION OF THE RULES APPLICABLE BEFORE JUDICIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE JURISDICTIONS AND TO COMPANIES IN DIFFICULTY DURING THE HEALTH CRISIS
The Keeper of the Seals, Minister of Justice, presented a bill ratifying various orders taken to deal with the covid-19 epidemic in civil, criminal and administrative proceedings and adapting the rules relating to the difficulties of businesses the consequences of this epidemic.
The bill ratifies, without modifying them, four ordinances having restored, by adapting them to the current health situation, some of the derogatory measures taken last spring in jurisdictional, co-ownership and collective proceedings to face the epidemic of covid-19:
– Ordinance No. 2020-1400 of November 18, 2020 adapting the rules applicable to courts of law ruling in non-criminal matters and to co-ownerships;
– Ordinance No. 2020-1401 of 18 November 2020 adapting the rules applicable to the courts of the judiciary ruling in criminal matters (the provisions of Article 2 are only partially ratified by the bill);
– Ordinance No. 2020-1402 of November 18, 2020 adapting the rules applicable to administrative courts;
– Ordinance No. 2020-1443 of November 25, 2020 adapting the rules relating to the difficulties of businesses to the consequences of the covid-19 epidemic.
THE UNITED KINGDOM’S EXIT FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION
Three orders aimed at drawing the consequences of the UK’s exit from the European Union have been presented.
These texts will make it possible to better prepare for the end of the transition period on December 31, 2020, at the end of which European Union law will cease to apply to the United Kingdom. These three ordinances are intended to apply regardless of the possible entry into force of an agreement on the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom.
1. The Prime Minister introduced the order permitting the continued supply to the UK of defense-related products and space materials. It provides that individual and global licenses for the transfer of defense-related products will, after the end of the transition period on December 31, 2020, be deemed to be licenses and authorizations for exports to the United Kingdom until their expiry. . This transformation, which in no way constitutes a degradation of the close control operated on these sensitive flows, the adoption and a posteriori control procedures being identical with regard to transfer licenses and export licenses, will make it possible to avoid a detrimental disruption of trade with the United Kingdom.
2. The Minister of the Economy, Finance and Recovery presented the ordinance relating to various measures relating to companies established in France of which all or part of the share capital or voting rights is held by persons established in the United Kingdom. United. The ordinance preserves the situation of companies in regulated professions in which part of the capital and voting rights are held by British nationals or by natural or legal persons established in the United Kingdom. British nationals and legal entities established in the United Kingdom will thus be able to continue to hold shares in the capital and voting rights in the companies concerned under the legal conditions provided for European nationals and for natural or legal persons established in other States. members of the European Union or the European Economic Area. The ordinance also ensures the continuity of the activity of the branches of British law firms and accountants who participate in the economic life of France. However, it will no longer be possible to increase participation or open a new branch in France after the end of the transition period on December 31, 2020. The provisions of the ordinance will secure the situation of liberal professions such as lawyers, accountants or architects who employ French partners or collaborators and thus contribute to the attractiveness of France and in particular of the place of business of Paris.
3. The Minister for the Economy, Finance and Recovery presented the order drawing the consequences of the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union in terms of insurance, collective investments and savings plans in actions. The ordinance allows, in the first place, to grant sufficient time to savers and asset management companies to divest themselves of the British financial securities which will lose, on 1 January 2021, their eligibility for the use of savings plans in shares (PEA and PEA-PME) or in the assets of private equity funds. The regulations applicable to these savings plans in fact require investing directly or indirectly in securities issued by companies having their registered office in the European Union or in the European Economic Area.
The ordinance makes it possible, secondly, to secure the conditions for the execution of insurance contracts concluded by insured persons in France with British insurers who will lose the benefit of the European passport at the end of the transition period and which no longer would not have transferred their contracts to European Union soil by this deadline. These contracts remain valid (and policyholders are entitled to request payment of possible claims from their British insurers), but they can no longer be the subject of renewal, renewal or extension, or of any operation which would include the taking of new commitments by the insurer.
AIRPORT CHARGES REGULATOR
The Minister of Ecological Transition and the Minister Delegate to the Minister of Ecological Transition, in charge of transport, presented an ordinance relating to the regulator of airport charges.
Article 10 of Law No.2020-1379 of November 14, 2020 authorizing the extension of the state of health emergency and establishing various measures for managing the health crisis has empowered the Government to legislate by ordinance to adapt the scope of competence of the Transport Regulatory Authority (ART), within the framework of its missions of regulator of airport charges, to take into account the effects of the health crisis of covid-19 on air traffic.
The ART was, until the ordinance, competent for the regulation of the charges of the airports whose traffic of the last calendar year had exceeded five million passengers as well as for their satellite airports.
However, due to the health crisis of covid-19, the traffic of French airports should be, in 2020, more than 65% lower than their traffic of 2019. The resumption of air traffic should be gradual and it is not whereas they will return to the level of activity of 2019 before 2023.
Without a change in the legal framework, ART would therefore have lost its jurisdiction, as of January 1, 2021, for all the airports it regulated in 2020, with the exception of those of Aéroports de Paris. In order to ensure the stability of the regulation of the main French airports despite the temporary fall in traffic, the ordinance presented provides that the ART is now competent for airports whose annual traffic has exceeded five million passengers during the year. one of the previous five years, as well as for their satellite airports.
MEASURES IN FAVOR OF THE CULTURE AND SPORT SECTORS TO ADDRESS THE COVID-19 EPIDEMIC
The Minister of National Education, Youth and Sports, the Minister of Culture and the Minister Delegate to the Minister of National Education, Youth and Sports, in charge of sports, presented an ordinance relating to exceptional aid for authors and holders of neighboring rights affected by the economic, financial and social consequences of the spread of the covid-19 virus and the financial conditions for the resolution of certain contracts in the cultural and sport sectors.
The ordinance extends until December 31, 2021 the possibility for collective management organizations to have exceptional recourse to the sums that the law requires them to devote in particular to artistic and cultural actions, to financially support authors and artists deprived of revenue. due to the health crisis.
The ordinance also restores the system which had allowed entrepreneurs of live shows, organizers of sporting events and operators of establishments of physical and sporting activities, to offer their customers and subscribers assets, valid for a certain period, instead of immediate reimbursement of tickets or subscriptions for services canceled due to health measures.
CODE OF ENTRY AND STAY OF FOREIGNERS AND RIGHT OF ASYLUM
The Minister of the Interior and the Minister of Overseas Territories have presented an ordinance on the legislative part of the code on the entry and stay of foreigners and the right of asylum.
Completed in 2006, the code for the entry and stay of foreigners and the right to asylum (CESEDA) had seen its structure altered and its content made less readable by the sedimentation of the various texts intervened since then (national legislative and regulatory productions and the introduction into our legal order of standards derived from European Union law).
Law n ° 2018-778 of September 10, 2018 for controlled immigration, effective right to asylum and successful integration has empowered the Government to redraft the legislative part of the code. The regulatory part has been rewritten in parallel.
Thus, the recodification work, carried out for over a year, makes it possible to offer a clearer and more accessible CESEDA offering a complete and consolidated view of the applicable law. It meets the requirements of legibility and accessibility of the law that are imposed for the recipients of the standard and those who advise them, the administrative services and the courts.
This recasting takes place on a constant basis: it reorganizes the code without changing the applicable law.
A book is now devoted to citizens of the European Union, who enjoy a specific status. The book on residence has also been radically revised, making it easier for foreign nationals to find the provisions governing the permits they are likely to obtain due to their situation. In addition, the part relating to supporting documents is now annexed to the code. A table provides a consolidated view of all the supporting documents that the user must provide in support of his request for a permit.
The new code also consolidates the applicable law by incorporating, for the first time, references to European regulations (Schengen Borders Code, Community Visa Code and Regulation on the European Travel Information and Authorization System – ETIAS).
Finally, significant work has been done on the law applicable overseas. The provisions of common law apply in France as well as in the communities governed by Article 73 of the Constitution and in Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon. The code now also incorporates the law applicable in the communities of the Pacific and the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. In Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin and in the communities of the Pacific, this right is updated and coordinated with the common law while retaining the devices specific to these territories, to take into account the competences of the communities. In this way, the same principles of action by the Government in the area of foreigners’ rights will be guaranteed in all overseas communities.
The ordinance will come into force on May 1, 2021.
EMERGENCY LABOR LAW MEASURES TO DEAL WITH THE COVID-19 EPIDEMIC
The Minister of Labor, Employment and Integration presented an ordinance providing emergency measures for paid holidays and rest days, the renewal of certain contracts and the loan of labor.
In order to allow companies to better adapt to the emergency created by the covid-19 pandemic, the ordinance extends, until June 30, 2021, the possibility for the employer, under certain conditions specific to each type of rest concerned, to impose the taking of rest days or to modify the dates if they have already been determined. For the employer, this is a backup solution limited to the context of the pandemic linked to covid-19, allowing it in particular to cope with a decrease in the activity of some of its employees.
In addition, some companies need to quickly meet new labor requirements to meet market orders and needs. To this end, the ordinance authorizes the social partners of the company to adapt, until June 30, 2021, for their company, the rules relating to the renewal and succession of short contracts on the same workstation.
Finally, with regard to the loan of non-profit labor, the ordinance extends until June 30, 2021 the possibility of concluding a provision agreement concerning several employees and of not specifying the execution times. of work in the amendment to the employment contract, provided that the weekly volume of working hours during which the employee is made available is indicated. As of January 1, 2021, lending companies using the partial activity will only be able to re-invoice host companies for part of the cost of the employee made available. All sectors can be beneficiaries of these labor loans. These provisions will facilitate the use of a win-win system, for the employee, who is kept in employment, and for companies, which can quickly adapt to variations in activity.
DISSOLUTION OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCED SECURITY AND JUSTICE STUDIES
The Prime Minister presented a decree dissolving the National Institute for Higher Security and Justice Studies and transferring its activities to the state.
The purpose of the decree is to specify the modalities of the dissolution of this public establishment of the State. It provides that the activities until now carried out by this establishment will be taken over by the State, as from January 1, 2021. Its missions will continue to be carried out within pre-existing State structures, in particular the Institut des Hautes studies of the Ministry of the Interior.
This text constitutes one of the translations of the implementation of the Prime Minister’s circular of June 5, 2019 on the transformation of central administrations and new working methods, which aims in particular to simplify the administrative landscape by removing certain structures to low staff which can affect the legibility and coherence of the State’s missions. The application of Law No. 2020-1525 of December 7, 2020 on the acceleration and simplification of public action will make it possible to continue the Government’s action in terms of the transformation of central administrations.
INCREASE IN THE MINIMUM GROWTH WAGE
The Minister of Labor, Employment and Integration presented a decree raising the minimum growth wage.
Each year, the rate of revaluation of the minimum growth wage (SMIC) on January 1 is set by decree in the Council of Ministers, after consulting the National Commission for Collective Bargaining, Employment and Vocational Training and the report. of the group of experts established by Law No. 2008-1258 of 3 December 2008 in favor of earned income. This value applies in mainland France, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Martinique, Reunion, Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin and Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon.
Since January 1, 2018, the provisions of common law relating to the minimum wage also apply to Mayotte, however taking into account the specific features of this department, in accordance with Articles L. 3423-1 to L. 3421-4 of the Code. labor, which authorize separate amounts of the minimum wage for overseas communities. There will therefore be for 2021, as for 2020, two levels of minimum wage, one being specific to Mayotte.
The revaluation of the minimum wage should make it possible to ensure the employees whose remunerations are the lowest the guarantee of their purchasing power and a participation in the economic development of the Nation.
The rules for revalorizing the minimum wage come from decree n ° 2013-123 of February 7, 2013 relating to the modalities for revaluing the minimum growth wage. He plans :
– that purchasing power is guaranteed by indexing the minimum wage on inflation measured for households in the first quintile of the distribution of living standards;
– that participation in the economic development of the Nation results in an increase in the minimum wage on the basis of half of the gain in purchasing power of the average hourly wage of workers and employees.
In application of these provisions, in order to carry out the revaluation on January 1, 2021, the following values should be used:
– between November 2019 and November 2020, consumer prices (excluding tobacco) of households in the first quintile of the distribution of living standards fell by 0.2%. This drop in prices is neutralized and the index used for the calculation reduced to 1;
– from September 2019 to September 2020, the basic hourly wage rate for workers and employees increased by 1.5%, while the consumer prices of the first quintile of the distribution of living standards fell by 0, 4% over the same period, resulting in a change in purchasing power of 1.91%. So half of the increase in purchasing power is 0.955%.
The amount of the gross hourly minimum wage on January 1, 2021, in application of these legal criteria alone, should therefore stand at € 10.25, an increase of 0.99%.
The group of experts submitted its report on November 27, 2020. It does not recommend a “boost” by January 1, 2021. In its report, it notes that the health crisis has severely deteriorated the state of the labor market and the financial situation of many companies. He concludes that priority must be given above all to employment.
On December 15, 2020, the Government proposed to the members of the National Commission for Collective Bargaining, Employment and Vocational Training, whose consultation for opinion is compulsory, a revaluation based on legal criteria, without a “boost “.
The decree presented accordingly fixes the amount of the gross hourly minimum wage at € 10.25 (against € 10.15 currently), ie € 1,554.58 per month on the basis of the legal working time of 35 hours per week.
The amount of the minimum wage applicable to Mayotte is established by indexation on the sole rate of change in the national minimum wage, without a “boost”. This procedure, already applied during the four previous upgrades, makes it possible to reduce the cost for companies which, since January 1, 2018 for companies with a workforce of at least 20 employees and since January 1, 2019 for others, bear the costs of reducing working hours (from 39 to 35 hours).
The decree therefore sets the amount of the gross hourly minimum wage applicable to Mayotte at € 7.74 (against € 7.66 currently).
Finally, the amount of the guaranteed minimum, which is used in particular to calculate benefits in kind in certain sectors, remains fixed at € 3.65, the drop in prices also being neutralized.
ENERGY RENOVATION OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS
The Minister of Ecological Transition, the Minister of the Economy, Finance and Recovery and the Minister of Higher Education, Research and Innovation presented a communication on the recovery plan: energy renovation of public buildings.
Three months after the launch of France Relance, the energy renovation program for public buildings amounting to € 4 billion is being implemented to support the economy from 2021 and to accelerate the reduction in energy consumption. carbon footprint of public real estate.
1. With regard to state public buildings and higher education, two calls for projects were launched on September 7 for a budget of € 2.7 billion.
Thanks to the mobilization of all the ministries carrying projects, 6,682 projects were submitted in less than five weeks for a total request of € 8.4 billion. 4,214 projects were selected for a total of € 2.7 billion.
In selecting projects, the Government followed three major priorities.
The Government has first of all favored the ecological and economic efficiency of the recovery. The projects were thus selected with regard to two essential criteria: their energy performance and the ability to quickly implement the project, promoting the revival of local economies and the building sector. With an expected reduction from 400,000,000 to 500,000,000 kWhef, France Relance’s investment will significantly reduce CO2 emissions and the carbon footprint of the State’s building stock. In addition, all the projects selected, but especially the 4,108 projects of less than € 5 million, will favor artisans, very small and small and medium-sized enterprises (VSEs and SMEs) throughout France, in all territories, and should allow the creation of 20,000 jobs over 2021-2023. This investment will also help strengthen the skills of the energy renovation sector of the future.
The second priority is to support young people, who are among the most affected by the crisis. Thus 1,054 projects for € 1.3 billion concern higher education, research and student life projects. These renovations concern universities but also other establishments in the sphere of higher education and research (such as student accommodation), improving the living and training conditions of students.
The third priority is the deconcentration of the measure. Half of the envelope was split between projects instructed and prioritized at regional level and those investigated at national level. In particular, the government ensured that the projects were distributed across all metropolitan and overseas regions, thus contributing to the territorial balance at the heart of the principles of the recovery plan. They concern all departments.
Following this selection, the State services and public establishments will have to very quickly implement the renovation works, for a notification of the contracts no later than the end of 2021 and a deadline for the delivery of the works in 2023.
2. In addition, within the framework of France Relance, the State encourages the municipalities, the municipal block and the departments to undertake the energy renovation of their buildings, by mobilizing € 1 billion at their side.
This envelope consists mainly of a local investment allocation of € 950 million, of which € 650 million for the municipal block and € 300 million for the departments. A circular detailing the implementation criteria was sent to regional and departmental prefects. It specifies that particular attention must be paid on the one hand to projects located in priority districts of the city policy where municipal educational, sports or cultural infrastructures play a key role of animation and social cohesion and on the other hand to nurseries, schools and colleges, to support youth.
As for the public buildings of the State, the projects must be compatible with the recovery both economically (ability to start work by the end of 2021) and environmental (this measure should allow an acceleration of the implementation implementation of Decree No. 2019-771 of July 23, 2019 relating to obligations to reduce final energy consumption in buildings for tertiary use).
A budget of € 50 million for the renovation of sports infrastructure in communities, implemented by the National Sports Agency, completes the system.
3. In addition, and in accordance with the agreement between the State and the regions, € 600 million from France Relance is dedicated to the regions. As such, € 300 million will be primarily dedicated to the energy renovation of buildings in regions such as high schools. This regional investment allocation will be implemented in a decentralized manner by the regional prefects in relation to the regions. An instruction was sent to the Prefects to specify the modalities for implementing this support.
4. Finally, the Government remains very attentive to the need for simplification, to speed up the implementation of the recovery plan while ensuring that it favors craftsmen, very small businesses and SMEs.
Indeed, following the selection of projects, the State services and communities will have to very quickly implement the renovation sites, for a notification at the end of 2021 at the latest and with a deadline for the delivery of the sites. in 2022 or 2023. The rapid conduct of these thousands of projects will constitute an operational challenge for which the mobilization of all the tools of public procurement will be necessary. Recent developments in public procurement, and in particular those provided for in Law No. 2020-1525 of 7 December 2020 on the acceleration and simplification of public action, will therefore prove to be a key factor in the success of this part of the recovery plan.
THE PRIORITY REFORMS OF THE MINISTRY OF ECOLOGICAL TRANSITION
The Minister of Ecological Transition, the Minister Delegate to the Minister of Ecological Transition, in charge of transport, and the Secretary of State to the Minister of Ecological Transition, in charge of biodiversity, presented a point on the priority reforms for which the ministry is responsible.
The four priority reforms presented, five years after the Paris Climate Agreement, are intended to accelerate the fight against global warming in France.
1. Greening the fleet
In order to reduce emissions and pollution linked to travel, France intends to accelerate the transition of its vehicle fleet to vehicles emitting less pollutants and greenhouse gases. To do this, the Government is supporting the acquisition of cleaner cars and heavy goods vehicles through increased bonuses and a conversion bonus: to date, more than 750,000 conversion bonuses have been distributed and 1,000,000 the will be by the end of the quinquennium. It is also developing the infrastructure that will allow the French to drive with less carbon-intensive vehicles: this is how the number of electric charging stations will be tripled by spring 2022 to reach 100,000 nationwide.
2. Establish operational low emission zones in overshot territories
The Government will extend the possibility for local authorities to set up low emission zones in order to improve air quality in the most polluted territories. While nearly 5 million French people are affected by the measure today, 9 million of them will live inside a low-emission zone by the end of 2022.
From 2021, seven zones will be set up in Marseille-Aix-en-Provence, Montpellier, Nice, Rouen, Strasbourg, Toulouse and Toulon, which will be added to the three already existing (Métropole du Grand Paris, Lyon, Grenoble), illustrating the desire to reduce pollution in the most affected metropolises. Control systems for vehicles entering these zones in order to equip the territories which have chosen to set up a low-emission zone will be developed in parallel. Thanks to these measures, the number of metropolises exceeding the limit values for nitrogen oxides (NOx) should drop from 14 today to 5 in 2022.
3. Deploy the cycling plan
With a view to making cycling a full-fledged mode of transport and tripling its share of travel by 2024, the Government continues to deploy its cycling plan. Bicycle facilities and devices have thus been developed to enable the French to acquire electrically assisted bicycles or to repair their bicycles. This is how the territory will be meshed at the end of the five-year period with 55,000 km secured for cycling (a third more than in 2017). Protection against theft will also be developed through the marking of bicycles and the construction of secure locations around stations, offices and shopping centers. The target is also set of 500,000 electric bikes sold in 2022 (compared to less than 400,000 in 2019).
4. Implement the phase-out of single-use plastics and better fight against waste
In order to achieve the targets of 100% recycled plastic by 2025 and the end of single-use plastic packaging by 2040, the Government wants to facilitate the sorting of packaging by households and recycle the products collected. Thus, in 2022, almost all French households will be able to put their packaging in the yellow bin (almost doubling compared to today) and that nearly two-thirds of the plastic bottles collected will be recycled ( compared to 58% in 2019).
In order to achieve these ambitious objectives, the recovery plan provides for € 55 million for the modernization of sorting centers and € 140 million to support industrial companies in the eco-design of their product and in the incorporation of recycled plastic.
The Council of Ministers adopted the following individual measures:
On the proposal of the Minister of Ecological Transition, the Minister of the Economy, Finance and Recovery and the Minister Delegate to the Minister of Ecological Transition, in charge of transport:
– Mr. Jean-Pierre FARANDOU is appointed Chairman and CEO of the national company SNCF.
On a proposal from the Minister of Ecological Transition and the Minister of Agriculture and Food:
– Mr. Sébastien SORIANO, general mining engineer, has been appointed director general of the National Institute for Geographic and Forest Information, as of January 4, 2021.
On the proposal of the Minister of the Armed Forces:
– Mr. Bruno SAINJON is appointed Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Office for Aerospace Studies and Research.
In addition, various individual measures were adopted concerning general officers of the army, the navy, the air force, the army health service, the general management of the armament, the army commissariat service and the defense infrastructure service.
On the proposal of the Minister of the Interior:
– Ms. Béatrice ABOLLIVIER, senior prefect, is appointed member of the Superior Council for Territorial Support and Evaluation, as of December 21, 2020;
– Mr. Michel PAPAUD, prefect, is appointed member of the Superior Council of Territorial Support and Evaluation, as of December 21, 2020.
On the proposal of the Keeper of the Seals, Minister of Justice:
– Ms. Catherine FISCHER-HIRTZ, President of the Corps of Magistrates of Administrative Tribunals and Administrative Courts of Appeal, is appointed State Councilor in ordinary service, as of December 31, 2020.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.