MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –
Source: Destatis Federal Statistical Office
Average retirement salary 3 110 euros gross
Press release No. 512 from December 16, 2020
WIESBADEN – On January 1, 2020, there were 1,340,200 public service retirees under the civil service and soldiers’ pension law. As the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports, that was 2.1% more than a year earlier. Pensioners received an average of EUR 3,110 gross pension (2019: EUR 2,970). In addition, around 376 100 surviving dependents received pension benefits (-0.2%). The expenditures for pensions of the former government employees amounted to 48.8 billion euros in 2019, that was around 1.4% of the gross domestic product. 7.9 billion euros were spent on pensions for dependents.
In the federal sector, the number of retirees on January 1, 2020 remained almost unchanged compared to the previous year. The number of federal states increased by 3.0% compared to the previous year, and by 3.6% for local authorities.
With a share of 33.1% of all pensioners, the school service of the federal states forms the largest group of retirees in Germany. Former civil servants of the Deutsche Bundesbahn and the Post make up the second largest group with 22.1%. The remaining retirees are spread across the rest of the federal (10.9%) and state (25.2%) as well as the municipalities (7.3%) and social security (1.5%).
For the first time since 2010, fewer than 20,000 new retirees in school service
The number of retirees has risen sharply since 2000 (+53.9%). This increase can largely be attributed to the high number of teachers who retired in the 1960s and 1970s. Due to the increasing number of pupils as a result of the baby boom and the trend towards higher school qualifications, the need for teachers had increased at that time. In the state sector’s school service, the number of retirees has almost tripled in the past 20 years (+181.1%). In the meantime, the strongest recruitment groups have already retired, so that in 2019, for the first time since 2010, there were just under 20,000 new retirees in school. Most retirements took place here, with 27,900 each in 2014 and 2015.
22% of the new retirees reached the standard retirement age
50 100 or 79% of the total of 63 500 new pensioners in 2019 retired from active service when they reached an age limit averaging 63 years and 9 months. Of these, however, only 13 700 reached the statutory retirement age (22% of all newly retired people). The remaining 36,400 (57% of all new retirees) took early retirement when they reached a so-called application age limit or reached a special age limit, such as applies to prison service or professional soldiers.
Another 16% of all those newly retired in 2019 were retired due to incapacity. Their average age at retirement was 56 years and 11 months. The remaining 5% of retirements were due to early retirement or other reasons.
Basic data can be accessed via the Pension recipient tables (74211-0001 to 74211-0004) can be called up in the GENESIS-Online database.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.