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Source: Destatis Federal Statistical Office

Effects of the Corona crisis visible in terms of hours worked and wages

Press release 506 from December 15, 2020

Employees in manufacturing, October 2020 – 2.9% on the same month last year-0.2% on the previous month

WIESBADEN – At the end of October 2020, around 5.5 million people were employed in manufacturing companies with 50 or more employees. According to preliminary results, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reported that the number of employees fell by 166,000 compared to October 2019 (-2.9%). Compared to September 2020, the number of employees fell slightly again (-0.2%). From August to September 2020, the number of employees rose slightly for the first time this year (+ 0.2%).

Compared to the same month last year, the number of employees decreased in October 2020 in almost all branches of the manufacturing sector. The number of employees in metal production and processing fell the most at -6.2%. The number of employees also fell significantly in the manufacture of rubber and plastic goods (-4.7%), in mechanical engineering (-4.5%), in the manufacture of metal products (-4.0%), in the manufacture of electrical products Equipment (-3.8%) and in the manufacture of motor vehicles and vehicle parts (-3.2%). The number of employees in the manufacture of data processing equipment, electronic and optical products fell slightly (-0.9%). In contrast, the number of employees in the manufacture of chemical products increased compared to the same month last year (+1.6%). It should be noted that short-time work counts as employees and therefore changes in short-time work are not reflected in the number of employees.

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The negative trend in hours worked and wages continues

The effects of the Corona crisis could still be seen in the hours worked in October 2020 across all sectors of the economy: The hours worked in October 2020 decreased by 4.8% to 699 million hours compared to October 2019 – although October 2020 was in nine federal states even had one more working day than the same month last year.

The wages for employees in the manufacturing sector totaled around 22.9 billion euros in October 2020. Compared to the same month last year, that was a decrease of 3.8%.

Manufacturing industry, companies with 50 or more employees October 2020 – Preliminary results –
No.1
Industry
Employees
hours worked2
Fees
in1 000
in% to VJM3
in millions of hours
in% to VJM3
in millions of euros
in% to VJM3
Classification of economic sectors, edition 2008 (WZ 2008). October 2020 had one more working day than October 2019 in nine federal states. Change compared to the same month of the previous year H. v. = Production of
C.
Total manufacturing
5 518
-2.9
699
-4.8
22 944
-3.8

including:
10
H. v. Food and feed
459
-0.3
60
-2.1
1 299
1.1
20th
H. v. chemical products
330
1.6
43
1.6
1 608
2.8
22nd
H. v. Rubber and plastic goods
344
-4.7
46
-5.5
1 224
-3.1
24
Metal production and processing
231
-6.2
27
-9.1
1 034
-6.9
25th
H. v. Metal products
523
-4.0
67
-6.5
1,850
-5.6
26th
H. v. Data processing equipment, electronic and optical products
288
-0.9
37
-2.8
1 310
-1.7
27
H. v. electrical equipments
381
-3.8
48
-5.2
1 625
-5.0
28
mechanical engineering
959
-4.5
119
-8.8
4250
-6.4
29
H. v. Motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts
802
-3.2
99
-1.6
4060
-4.2

Basic data and long time series for the monthly report in the manufacturing sector can be found in the tables Employees and turnover of companies in the manufacturing sector (42111-0002) and (42111-0004) can be called up in the GENESIS-Online database.

European manufacturing dataResults on employees, hours worked and wages in other EU countries, see the Eurostat database. At the moment, data are available up to and including August for most countries. Germany is one of the first countries to provide Eurostat with monthly data for this.

The results on the manufacturing industry are, in addition to other indicators for classifying the economic consequences of the corona pandemic, also on the special page “Corona statistics”Available on the website of the Federal Statistical Office.

German EU Council Presidency in the field of statistics The Federal Statistical Office is in charge of the EU Council Presidency under the chairmanship of President Dr. Georg Thiel the Council Working Group on Statistics. We provide information about our activities during the EU Council Presidency on the special page www.destatis.de/eu2020.

You can find European statistics in our data “Europe in numbers“.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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