MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Over the past 10 years, almost 19 thousand children have been handed over to families for upbringing. Among them – 996 disabled children and 7896 orphans over seven years old.
In the capital, the ceremony of awarding the laureates of the Moscow City Prize for the contribution to the development of the family arrangement of orphans “Wings of a Stork” was held. The winners were selected in the nominations “Best Family of the Year”, “Best Organization of the Year” and “Person of the Year”. The awards were presented by Sergei Sobyanin.
“Of course, it is better that as few orphans as possible in our city. We are doing our best, you know: in recent years, we have seriously changed the approach to this work. The first thing you need to do is to make sure that the children stay in their own family. Do everything possible so that the family itself goes through this difficult period, but does not lose children. Despite this, still a certain number of children are left without parents, ”said the Moscow Mayor.
Sergei Sobyanin noted that the children’s homes in the capital are among the best in the country, but the system cannot replace family education.
“I express my deep gratitude to the foster families who are raising thousands and thousands of children in Moscow. They don’t just support them, but they bring them up, give them education, upbringing and, most importantly, family kindness and sincerity, “he stressed.
The Mayor of Moscow also added that children with disabilities are finding their families in the capital.
“Nothing can replace a family for a child. Therefore, the most important thing in everything we do is the happiness of our children. Thank you for giving this happiness to them, ”stressed Sergei Sobyanin.
One of the prize winners, mother of many children, Svetlana Zachesova, thanked the organizers of the competition and Sergei Sobyanin personally for his contribution to the development of various forms of orphans’ placement and for the fact that comfortable conditions for education, upbringing, culture and recreation of children have been created in Moscow. In addition, she expressed gratitude for the support to the staff of the guardianship authorities – teachers, educators and psychologists.
“I also wanted to thank the media. Oddly enough, 15 years ago, our journey began with a report that we saw on TV about orphans and the foster family in which they were brought up. We came to the following conclusion: why don’t we try and take the child into the family? And we did it. If someone has a desire to take a child into the family, then do not stop, try, you will definitely succeed, ”said Svetlana Zachesova.
Vadim Menshov, director of the foster parents’ school of the Nash Dom family education center, who received an award in the Best Organization of the Year nomination, noted that the attitude towards orphans in the capital has radically changed over the past 10 years. For 16 years of work 550 families, trained at the center, have adopted children left without parental care.
“We have a school for adoptive parents, but almost every graduate, leaving this school, says:“ Why didn’t anyone teach our parents in such schools? A lot of problems would be gone. ” And from next year we are opening just a school for parents, where Muscovites will be able to come with the problems they face in raising their children, ”said Vadim Menshov.
2020 award winners
The nomination “Best Family of the Year” is intended for families of adoptive parents, guardians, foster and foster families. This year the prize was received by the family of Igor Bari, who took six adopted children under their care, the family of Svetlana Zachesova and Konstantin Leochko, who are raising five children (four of them are adopted), as well as the family of Viktor and Valentina Titov – they have 13 children, of which six are adoptive.
The nomination “Best Organization of the Year” is attended by teams of guardianship and guardianship authorities, organizations for orphans and children left without parental care, foster schools, public and non-profit organizations. The best in 2020 were recognized by the department of social protection of the population of the Preobrazhenskoye district, the center for promoting family education “Petrovsky Park”, the center for promoting family education “Our House” and the charitable foundation “House with a Mayak”.
Anna Kotelnikova, executive director, co-founder, head of the Road of Life charity foundation, member of the Public Chamber Russian Federation.
Over the past three years, 25 children – wards of the fund with disabilities have been able to find a family.
“In fact, this nomination in which I was awarded is the nomination of our children, our wards, because each of them, finding a family, becomes a person of the year in it,” concluded Anna Kotelnikova.
The laureates of the award received badges, diplomas and commemorative statuettes (a flying stork with a child), the author of which was the People’s Artist of Russia Alexander Rukavishnikov. In addition, the winners in the Best Family of the Year nomination received cash prizes in the amount of one million rubles.
The award was established in 2014 with the aim of expressing public recognition to citizens and organizations that have made a special contribution to the development of family arrangements for orphans and children left without parental care. Over the past years, 15 families, 10 public and cultural figures, 27 organizations have become its laureates.
Foster families in Moscow
In 2010–2020, in Moscow, the number of orphans and children without parental care brought up in families increased by 46 percent. On January 1, 2010, there were 12,665 people, and on October 1, 2020 – 18,550.
Over the past 10 years, 18,985 children have been transferred to families for upbringing, including 996 disabled children and 7896 orphans over seven years old. At the same time, 7481 children (40.3 percent) are under free guardianship, 6624 children (35.7 percent) have passed the adoption procedure, and 4445 children (24 percent) live in foster families (under paid guardianship).
The number of orphans living in boarding schools has decreased 3.3 times – from 4371 (in 2010) to 1317 (in 2020). Currently, 93.4 percent of Moscow’s orphans are brought up in families. 10 years ago, 25.7 percent of orphans lived in orphanages, today this number has dropped to 6.6 percent.
A significant step towards solving the problem of orphanhood was made with the help of a new model of prevention of social orphanhood and family placement of orphans. It provides for the timely identification of disadvantaged families and the provision of social assistance to them to overcome a difficult life situation – as a result, the number of cases of deprivation of parental rights is reduced and, accordingly, the number of children left without parental care is reduced. In cases where the deprivation of parental rights still took place, but there is a chance to restore the social status of the parents and return the child to them, work continues with the family.
Orphanages are being transformed into centers for the promotion of family education. Their task is not only to provide accommodation for children, but also to find and accompany foster families.
The new program is also aimed at active search, training and support of citizens wishing to take on raising orphans and children left without parental care, increasing social benefits for raising orphans, including older children and children with disabilities. Awareness-raising activities are carried out to promote the family placement of orphans and increase the prestige of the foster family (portal “My new family”, Outdoor advertising, photo exhibitions of foster families, Stork Wings award).
How Moscow supports foster familiesEverything for families with children: payments, benefits, social support
There are 33 schools for adoptive parents in Moscow – since 2013, 23.9 thousand people have been trained there. In addition, 52 organizations have been opened that support foster families. At the moment, their services are used by 1,890 families who are raising 2,976 children.
Much attention is paid to the social support of foster families. Monthly payments for each child range from 17.4 to 29 thousand rubles (depending on the child’s age, the number of children in the family and their state of health).
Foster parents (foster carers) are paid a monthly fee, which amounts to 16.7 thousand rubles for each healthy child and 28.4 thousand rubles for a disabled child. If one or two children are brought up in a family, the remuneration is paid to one of the adoptive parents, if three or more, then the remuneration is paid to both parents for each child.
There is a one-time compensation payment for reimbursement of expenses in connection with the adoption of a child: 89 205 rubles for the first adopted child, 124 887 rubles for the second and 178 410 rubles for the third and subsequent adopted children.
Moscow plans to increase payments for children in foster families in 2021
Guardians (trustees) who perform their duties free of charge, as well as foster parents in whose families three or more children are raised, are partially reimbursed for the costs of paying for housing and communal services for the living quarters in which the children under guardians live. They also partially offset the costs of telephone communications. In addition, they are provided with free travel on all types of urban passenger transport, except for taxis and minibuses.
The city compensates for the cost of a holiday voucher purchased independently for each child and each accompanying person. Nevertheless, the amount should not exceed three times the subsistence minimum per capita established by the Moscow Government (17,841 rubles).
Accommodation for foster families
Since 2014, a pilot project on property support for foster families has been implemented in Moscow. Families who have taken into foster care at least five orphans, of which three children are over 10 years old or are disabled, receive housing under a free use agreement. Its area is sufficient for a comfortable stay for a large family.
Russian citizens who have been married for at least three years and who have no obstacles to fulfilling their duties as guardians or trustees can take part in the project. A prerequisite is the successful passage of psychological diagnostics, with the help of which the readiness of citizens to fulfill the duties of foster parents is determined. After 10 years, the participants of the pilot project, who conscientiously and continuously fulfilled their responsibilities for the upbringing of orphans, are given an apartment under a social employment contract or in ownership.
During the implementation of the project, 46 foster families became its participants, who took 286 children into the upbringing. Among children brought up in families – participants of the project at the present time, there are 22 disabled children under 10 years old, 69 disabled children over 10 years old and 99 children over 10 years old without disabilities.
A portal for adoptive parents appeared in the capital“Let’s be friends!”: How to become a mentor for orphans
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.