MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –
Source: German Research Foundation Topics range from the transformation of the popular to neuroelectronics and the quantum cooperativity of light and matter / 254 million euros in funding for an initial four years
The German Research Foundation (DFG) is setting up 20 new special research areas (SFB) to further strengthen top-level research at universities. This was decided by the responsible approval committee, which met via video conference due to the coronavirus pandemic. From January 1, 2021, the new CRC will initially be funded for four years with a total of around 254 million euros. This includes a 22 percent program fee for indirect costs from the projects. Three of the new associations are SFB / Transregio (TRR), which are spread across several applicant universities. In addition to the 20 institutions, the Approval Committee approved the extension of 25 SFBs by one further funding period each, including ten SFB / Transregio. Collaborative Research Centers enable the processing of innovative, demanding and long-term research projects in a network and are thus intended to serve as a focus and structure at the applying universities. SFBs are funded for a maximum of twelve years. From January 2021, the DFG will fund a total of 283 SFBs. The 20 new Collaborative Research Centers in detail (in alphabetical order of their host universities and naming the speakers and the other applicant universities): A lack of exercise and weight gain, but also sports among senior citizens increasingly lead to muscle -Skeletal disorders, the chance of recovery of which varies greatly in the different patient groups. Why this is so is a question that has yet to be clarified for the success of regenerative therapies. The aim of the Collaborative Research Center “Directed Cellular Self-Organization to Promote Bone Regeneration” is to decipher the basic mechanisms of bone regeneration that lead to the success or failure of healing processes. (Charité – FU Berlin and HU Berlin, spokesperson: Professor Dr.-Ing.Georg Duda) Hydrogels consist of water-insoluble polymers that can bind a high proportion of water and swell in the process. The Collaborative Research Center “Dynamic Hydrogels at Biological Interfaces” aims to determine and investigate the most important physico-chemical factors that characterize the protective functions of hydrogels at biological interfaces based on the respiratory tract and the intestine. Furthermore, he wants to define the requirements for the development of new therapeutic strategies for lung and gastrointestinal diseases. (FU Berlin, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Rainer Haag) The human organism and its immune defense are evolutionarily adapted to constant microbial dangers from the environment. In today’s environment, however, certain properties of the human organism become a burden; It is becoming increasingly clear that the human immune and metabolic system reacts to modern lifestyles and can trigger a low-threshold, chronic inflammatory condition known as metaflammation. The Collaborative Research Center “Metaflammation and Cellular Programming” wants to investigate exactly how this chronic inflammatory condition arises. (University of Bonn, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Eicke Latz) The Collaborative Research Center “Degradation and recovery of river ecosystems under multiple loads” traces the mechanisms of rivers that are affected by “multiple stressors” such as temperature increases, salinization or interventions in the natural course of the river are. To this end, he combines mesocosm experiments and field studies with statistical and mechanistic modeling and syntheses. Overall, the investigation aims at all components of the food web from viruses to fish as well as various functions of the ecosystem. (University of Duisburg-Essen, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Bernd Sures) The Collaborative Research Center “Catalysis at Liquid Interfaces (CLINT)” pursues a fundamentally new approach in chemical reaction engineering: It wants the highly dynamic, anisotropic environment of gaseous-liquid or liquid-solid interfaces use to produce technical catalysts with novel properties and a previously unattained productivity, stability and manageability. The aim is to combine the understanding of catalytic processes with targeted material development, which is why the investigations range from model systems to real catalysts and also include in-situ methods. (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Peter Wasserscheid) Cooperative behavior is known, for example, from the dynamics of flocks of birds. However, the description of cooperativity in quantum mechanics is sketchy. The Collaborative Research Center / Transregio “Quantum Cooperativity of Light and Matter (QuCoLiMa)” investigates cooperativity on the quantum level. In this way, the group wants to contribute in the long term to a systematic understanding of the structure of spatial and temporal quantum correlations in mesoscopic systems in which light and matter have very strong interrelationships. His results could enable the use of quantum cooperativity for applications in the areas of sensor technology, communication and quantum computing in the future. (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Joachim von Zanthier; also applying: University of Mainz and University of Saarbrücken) Worldwide, 10 to 15 percent of adults suffer from chronic kidney diseases; in addition there are cancers of the kidneys. Kidney diseases often have genetic causes. However, the mechanisms underlying diseases are not sufficiently understood. This is where the Collaborative Research Center “Nephrogenetics (NephGen)” comes in. He examines the relevant genes and proteins in order to find out what role they play in the development of the disease. Molecular biological methods, imaging and statistical processes are combined. On the basis of extensive patient and population studies and with the help of targeted animal models, the network aims to contribute to the development of new therapeutic approaches for prevention and treatment. (University of Freiburg, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Anna Köttgen) In basic scientific research, huge amounts of experimental data are obtained with the aid of modern measurement techniques. The aim of the interdisciplinary collaborative research center “Mathematics of Experiments: The Challenge of Indirect Measurements in the Natural Sciences” is to efficiently and optimally filter out the relevant information content from such highly complex amounts of data. Appropriate methods based on mathematical-statistical analysis and modeling are developed based on various scientific experimental and observation situations. (University of Göttingen, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Thorsten Hohage) Scientists from the field of geodesy – the science of measuring and mapping the earth – and physics work together in the special research area “Relativistic and Quantum-Based Geodesy (TerraQ)” to create fundamentally new To develop sensors, measurement techniques, analysis methods and modeling approaches. In this way, the latest findings, especially from quantum and gravitational physics, should contribute to significantly increasing the accuracy of geodetic measurements. For example, climate-relevant processes can be better researched. (University of Hanover, Spokesperson: Professor Dr.-Ing.Jürgen Müller) The Collaborative Research Center “Integrated Design and Operating Methodology for Offshore Megastructures” focuses on the energy transition and the future energy supply in Germany, which is primarily achieved with the help of so-called mega-offshore Wind turbines can succeed. The SFB wants to bring together construction-related processes such as design, manufacture, operation and dismantling of wind turbines that were previously thought of as separate and link them through a digitization concept that grows step by step. In the long term, the association wants to provide new knowledge on the design and operation of structures with complex load-bearing behavior. (University of Hanover, Speaker: Professor Dr.-Ing.Raimund Rolfes) The Collaborative Research Center / Transregio “Structural Change of Property” aims to contribute to a better social-scientific understanding of the change in property systems. To this end, the association wants to redevelop the historical and conceptual foundations of western property systems, empirically investigate current conflicts over private property in the global North, but also in Asia and Latin America, and analyze alternatives to (private) property that are currently being debated or tried out in practice. (University of Jena, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Hartmut Rosa; also applying: University of Erfurt) Heterogeneous catalysts made from precious metal clusters and particles play a key role in emissions control. Many of the effects that occur between the elements in actual use are not yet fully understood. New perspectives are currently opening up in this area in the field of characterization and simulation. This is where the interdisciplinary Collaborative Research Center “Tracking the active centers in heterogeneous catalysts for emission control (TrackAct)” comes in, which aims to achieve a holistic understanding of the catalytic processes on various length scales and levels of complexity. (KIT Karlsruhe, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Jan-Dierk Grunwaldt) Complex systems of information processing are not only found in technology, but above all in nature. Especially when it comes to image recognition using energy-efficient signal processing, biology offers established mechanisms from which engineering can learn. Therefore, the focus of the Collaborative Research Center “Neuroelectronics: Biologically Inspired Information Processing” lies in the interdisciplinary collaboration of the fields of neurosciences, biology, psychology, physics, electrical engineering, materials science and systems theory in order to explore fundamental properties in selected nervous systems and to transfer them to innovative technical storage architectures. (University of Kiel, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Hermann Kohlstedt) In the Collaborative Research Center “Key Mechanisms of Normal and Disease-Related Disorders of Motor Control”, scientists from neurosciences and other disciplines work together to investigate genetic factors, cellular, synaptic and neural processes, which underlie motor control in animals and humans. In this way, they want to expand knowledge about motor control both in a healthy state and in neuropsychiatric diseases and make it useful for more targeted therapy strategies. (University of Cologne, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Gereon Rudolf Fink) Fluctuations are essential for many natural phenomena, such as weather, and have an impact on our daily lives. Only if the influence of fluctuations on physical systems is understood can the underlying principles and working mechanisms be used as resources for technical applications. Against this background, the Collaborative Research Center “Fluctuations and nonlinearities in classical and quantum matter beyond equilibrium” wants to analyze how fluctuations arise and how they influence the dynamics of classical and quantum mechanical systems. (University of Konstanz, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Wolfgang Belzig) Which neurobiological principles limit perceptual and cognitive processes? And which ones prevent people from fully utilizing their own cognitive abilities? The Collaborative Research Center “Neural Resources of Cognition” is investigating this question. In this way, he wants to help develop overarching theories about neural capacities in younger and older adults. Another goal is a comprehensive concept of cognitive medicine that includes individually tailored measures to protect or improve specific cognitive functions. (University of Magdeburg, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Emrah Düzel) How does intelligent behavior arise in a system of nanoscale building blocks that work together? The Collaborative Research Center “Intelligent Matter: From Responsive to Adaptive Nanosystems” aims to answer this question in order to use intelligent matter, for example, to produce artificial skin that regulates temperature and absorption itself. The intelligent matter to be developed should receive information from the environment and respond with signals to the environment, distribute signals and feedback in embedded networks and store information in order to learn. (University of Münster, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Bart Jan Ravoo) Inflammation can heal, but – in chronic cases, for example – can also be destructive. The Collaborative Research Center “Representation of Organ-Specific Inflammation by Multi-Scale Imaging” focuses on the organ-specific regulation of inflammation, particularly with regard to the dynamics, activity and interactions of inflammatory cells in various organs. The leukocytes involved in inflammation, their transfer from the blood to the tissue, the sequence of their activation at the inflammation focus and their contribution to tissue damage in the living organism are to be analyzed. The methods used should make it possible to track cells and processes using whole-body imaging, among other things, and thus to collect new data spanning time and space for a better understanding of inflammation. (University of Münster, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Michael Schäfers) The metastasis of tumors is still insufficiently understood. The Collaborative Research Center / Transregio “On the Analysis of Metastatic Colony Formation for New Systemic Cancer Therapies” is dedicated to the early phase of the incipient “colonization” of organs by scattered tumor cells. The association wants to deepen the existing knowledge about the mechanisms of colonization and develop starting points for therapeutic concepts with which metastasis can be stopped at this early stage. (University of Regensburg, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Christoph Klein; also applying: Erlangen-Nürnberg) What is popular? What is noticed by many and measured in rankings and charts? Or can the “unpopular” also be popular? The Collaborative Research Center “Transformations of the Popular” seeks answers to these questions by examining and evaluating the popular in the areas of pop (aesthetic forms and practices), popularization (strategies of dissemination) and populisms (conflict communication within the dissolving popular) This is based on two decisive changes: Around 1950, methods of measuring attentiveness emerged which made the popular “measurable” for the first time; Since 2000 it has increasingly been decided in social media what is popular, less by gatekeepers of the established mass media, educational institutions and cultural elites. (University of Siegen, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Niels Werber) The 25 SFBs that have been extended for a further funding period (in alphabetical order of their host universities, naming the speakers and the other applicant universities and with references to the project descriptions in the DFG Internet database GEPRIS for ongoing funding): SFB / TRR “Damage-Controlled Forming Processes” (RWTH Aachen, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Gerhard Hirt; also applying: TU Dortmund) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/278868966SFB “Protein function through protonation dynamics “(FU Berlin, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Joachim Heberle) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/221545957SFB/TRR” Rationality and competition: The economic performance of individuals and companies “(HU Berlin, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Georg Weizsäcker; also applying: LMU Munich) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/280092119SFB “Practices d comparing it: Ordering and changing the world ”(Bielefeld University, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Angelika Epple) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/317664947SFB/TRR “Symmetries and Structure Formation in Quantum Chromodynamics” (University of Bonn, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Ulf-G. Meißner; also applying: Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China, University of Bochum, TU Munich) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/1962530766SFB “The Mathematics of Emergent Effects” (University of Bonn, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Stefan Müller) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/211504053SFB “MAKI – Multi-Mechanism Adaptation for the Future Internet” (TU Darmstadt, Spokesperson: Professor Dr.-Ing. Ralf Steinmetz) External Linkhttps: //gepris.dfg. de / gepris / projekt / 210487104SFB / TRR “Mobile material characterization and location through electromagnetic scanning” (University of Duisburg-Essen, spokesperson: Professor Dr.-Ing.Thomas Kaiser; also applying: University of Bochum) External linkhttps: // gepris .dfg.de / gepris / projekt / 287022738SFB “Molecular and cellular Mechanisms of neural homeostasis “(University of Frankfurt am Main, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Amparo Acker-Palmer) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/221828878SFB/TRR “Development, function and potential of myeloid cells in the central nervous system (NeuroMac)” (University of Freiburg, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Marco Prinz ; also applying: Charité – FU Berlin and HU Berlin) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/259373024SFB/TRR “Energy transfer in the atmosphere and in the ocean” (University of Hamburg, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Carsten Eden ; also applying: University of Bremen) Externer Linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/274762653SFB “Customized Multiscale Material Systems – M3” (TU Hamburg, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Gerold A. Schneider) Externer Linkhttps: // gepris .dfg.de / gepris / projekt / 192346071SFB “N-Heteropolycycles as Functional Materials” (Heidelberg University, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Lutz H. Gade) External Linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/281029004SFB/TRR ” Symbolic tools in mathematics and their application ”(TU Kaise rslautern, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Gunter Malle; also applying: RWTH Aachen University, Saarbrücken University) External Linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/286237555SFB “Magnetoelectric sensors: from composite materials to biomagnetic diagnosis” (Kiel University, spokesperson: Professor Dr.-Ing.Eckhard Quandt) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/286471992SFB/TRR “Symplectic structures in geometry, algebra and dynamics” (University of Cologne, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Hansjörg Geiges; also applying: University of Bochum, University of Heidelberg) External Linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/281071066SFB “Control and Dynamics of Quantum Materials” (University of Cologne, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Achim Rosch) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/277146847SFB “Prominence in Language” (University of Cologne, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Klaus von Heusinger) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/281511265SFB “Control and plasticity of cell differentiation processes in the immune system” (LMU Munich, spokesperson : Professor Dr. Thomas Brocker) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/210592381SFB “Nanoagents for spatiotemporal control of molecular and cellular reactions” (LMU Munich, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Joachim Rädler) External linkhttps: // gepris. dfg.de/gepris/projekt/201269156SFB/TRR “Biology of xenogenic cell, tissue and organ transplantation from basic research to clinical application” (LMU Munich, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Eckhard Wolf; also applying: TU Dresden, MHH Hannover) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/213602983SFB “Control of protein function through conformational switching” (Technical University of Munich, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Johannes Buchner) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt / 201302640SFB / TRR “Initiation / Effector Mechanisms versus Regulation Mechanisms in Multiple Sclerosis – Progress in Coping with Disease” (University of Münster, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Heinz Wiendl; also applying: University of Mainz, LMU Munich, TU Mü nchen) External linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/213904703SFB “Adaptive envelopes and structures for the built environment of tomorrow” (University of Stuttgart, spokesperson: Professor Dr.-Ing. Oliver Sawodny) External Linkhttps: //gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/279064222SFB “Robustness of Vision – Principles of Inference and Neural Mechanisms” (University of Tübingen, Spokesperson: Professor Dr. Matthias Bethge) External Linkhttps: // gepris. dfg.de/gepris/projekt/276693517 Further information Media contact: The spokespersons for the Collaborative Research Centers are also available for further information. Contact persons at the DFG Head Office: For detailed information on the funding program and the funded Collaborative Research Centers, go to:
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.