MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Netizens will learn how architects, sculptors and artists were trained in the USSR, and will also see rare photographs of Moscow in the last century.
On the media platform #Moscowstobe appeared two new video tours… One of the virtual tours is dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Higher Artistic and Technical Workshops (VKHUTEMAS) in Moscow, the other – to the 110th anniversary of the birth of the famous Soviet photographer Naum Granovsky, a photographic chronicler of Moscow.
VKHUTEMAS became the first post-revolutionary educational institution where creative personnel were trained. It was here that the Soviet design education was born. For 10 years of the institute’s existence, almost 1,500 artists, sculptors and architects have graduated from it. The exposition dedicated to VKHUTEMAS is located in the Museum of Moscow. During an online tour, a researcher at the cultural site will tell you about the stages of the institute’s creation, as well as what masters of Soviet art taught within its walls. For example, lectures in the workshops were conducted by the artist, photographer Alexander Rodchenko, architect Nikolai Ladovsky, painter Lyubov Popova.
The participants of the virtual excursion will be told about the disciplines that the students of the first two years studied without fail – these are “Graphics”, “Color”, “Volume” and “Space”. It will also be possible to find out what was included in the curriculum of architecture, textile, printing, metalworking and other faculties.
Spectators will be shown the most original and famous works created by students of VKHUTEMAS: picturesque and graphic paintings, sculptures, architectural projects and models, even porcelain dishes and pieces of furniture. Some of the students’ theses were so bold that they amazed not only the attestation commission of the institute, but the whole country. For example, Georgy Krutikov, in his architectural project “Flying City”, proposed placing communal houses in the air, leaving only buildings for work, recreation and tourism on the ground. The multi-tiered residential buildings were supposed to float with the help of atomic engines. And Ivan Leonidov’s diploma project “Lenin Institute of Library Science” was presented at the first exhibition of contemporary art in 1927 in Moscow and gained worldwide fame. The student has designed an architectural complex based on the spatial interaction of simple geometric shapes. For example, a spherical hall was raised above the ground on openwork metal structures, and the book depository looked like a vertical parallelepiped.
Detailed information about the exposition “VKHUTEMAS – 100. School of the Avant-garde” is also available at website Museum of Moscow.
A retrospective exhibition “Moscow by Naum Granovsky. 1920-1980 ”was prepared by the Lumiere Brothers Center for Photography in cooperation with the StillArt Cultural Foundation. Naum Granovsky was born on February 27, 1910 in the city of Alexandria (now – Kirovograd region of Ukraine). In 1926 he started working as a photojournalist for TASS. From the photographs of Granovsky, one can trace how the appearance of Moscow has changed over half a century. The photographer constantly returned to the same streets and squares of the capital to take comparative shots. His photographs capture buildings that no longer exist, as well as the stages of construction of houses that later became the property of Moscow. Granovsky was called not only a Moscow photo chronicler, but also the chief architectural photographer of the USSR.
During the virtual tour, you can see how the capital has changed over six decades. In total, the exhibition will show more than 100 works of the author.
#Moskostoboy is a project of the Tourism Committee, which began to be implemented in March 2020. On the platform, you can get acquainted with lectures, theatrical performances, literary readings, online tours, cooking shows, fashion shows and much more. The English version of the project is available to foreign users – #Moscowwithyou.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.