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Read about the main achievements and advantages of the overground metro in this article.

Exactly one year ago, on November 21, 2019, the capital opened traffic on the Moscow central diameters: MCD-1 “Belorussko-Savelovsky” (Odintsovo – Lobnya) and MCD-2 “Kursko-Rizhsky” (Nakhabino – Podolsk).

Over the past two years, the Government of Moscow, the Moscow Region and Russian Railways have done a tremendous amount of work: from the idea of ​​combining the railway with the subway to the creation of a new surface metro. And the project “shot”: residents received convenient transfers to the Moscow Central Circle (MCC) and public transport, as well as a unified payment system. MCD has made the life of more than four million residents of the Moscow agglomeration more comfortable. Instead of old electric trains, passengers now travel on comfortable modern trains, and in the morning you can not be afraid to miss the train: in five to seven minutes the next one will arrive. In addition, trips from the suburbs became cheaper, and transfers to the metro and the MCC became free with the Troika card.

Read the article on how the life of the townspeople who regularly travel from the region to Moscow and vice versa has changed over this year, and what advantages they have appreciated the MCD.

Five advantages of the IDC

Clock frequency: more trains, less intervals

One of the main advantages of the MCD is its clock speed. Passengers who regularly used commuter trains can now get to their destination faster and not depend on the schedule. Trains on MCD-1 and MCD-2 began to run almost 70 percent more often, with a minimum interval. Now city trains run at peak hours at intervals of five to seven minutes. The usual daily breaks were also canceled.

Diameters have opened up new opportunities not only for those who travel from the region to Moscow and back, but also for those moving around the city. According to statistics, middle-aged people and young people are more likely to use commuter trains. 15 percent of all passengers in the “Central” zone before the pandemic were students who used a Muscovite card.

Also, with the launch of the MCD, the age threshold for free travel for children was increased – from five to seven years, as in the metro. During the year, MCD trains carried 180,000 such passengers.

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A clear payment system and an opportunity to save money

MCD passengers can pay for travel with a Troika card, which is more profitable than purchasing commuter tickets. In addition, it is convenient (no need to carry several transport cards with you) and environmentally friendly (less paper is spent on tickets). The fare is deducted from the card at the “Wallet” tariff; you can also add subscriptions to the “Central” zone or “Suburb”, which include trips by metro, MCC and ground transport in Moscow.

Thanks to the new tariffs, passengers with diameters saved about 1.5 billion rubles for the year. At the same time, residents of Moscow save up to 50 percent of the previous fare on daily travel, and residents of the Moscow region – up to 75 percent.

You can make a free transfer from the MCD to the metro at 20 stations. By 2024, their number will increase to 27. You can transfer from the metro to the MCD and vice versa without additional payment within 90 minutes from the moment of the first validation. Previously, a passenger bought another ticket to transfer from an electric train to the metro, but now he pays for his trip once with a Troika card.

During the year of operation of diameters, passengers made more than 16.5 million free transfers from the MCD to the metro. Of these, 16.8 thousand – at the new stations Rabochiy settlement MCD-1, Butovo and Krasny Stroitel MCD-2, which have been operational since September this year.

About 75 percent of MCD passengers who pay for travel with Troika use a free metro transferFrom 20 MCD stations you can make a free transfer to the metro

Comfortable New Trains: Wi-Fi, Bicycle Places and More

Modern Ivolga trains assembled in Russia run along the MCD in mixed mode with electric trains from the distant suburbs, Aeroexpress trains (at MCD-1) and Lastochki (at MCD-2).

The Ivolgi accelerate rapidly, but at the same time smoothly, which makes the trip safer for passengers. And comfort is provided by soft seats, a climate control system, wireless Internet, USB connectors for charging gadgets. The carriages have storage space for luggage and bicycle racks, and the toilets have changing tables. The new trains are adapted for passengers with limited mobility.

By the end of the year, all trains at the MCD are planned to be replaced with more modern ones. The renewal of the rolling stock at MCD-2 Kursko-Rizhsky has already been completed. New electric trains EP2D, Ivolga and Lastochka carry passengers. Their average age is no more than three years. The renewal of trains at MCD-1 should be completed by the end of 2020.

Renewal of the train fleet at MCD-2 “Kursko-Rizhsky”Another 180 Ivolga cars: the MCD fleet will be completely renewed by the end of the year

Modern train stations and integration into the transport system of the capital

Despite the coronavirus pandemic, the development of the project did not stop. Throughout the year, active construction of new and reconstruction of existing stations was carried out. In just a year, five new stations were opened (Volokolamskaya, Penyagino, Ostafyevo and Kuryanovo at MCD-2 and Slavyansky Boulevard at MCD-1) and five reconstructed stations (Opalikha and Nakhabino at MCD-2, Novodachnaya, Setun and Dolgoprudnaya at MCD-1) …

New and reconstructed MCD stations are, in fact, becoming city stations of the European level. They are equipped with comfortable and safe passages, lobbies with turnstiles, lifts, escalators, platforms with full-length canopies that protect passengers from rain, snow and sun.

Diameters have already become an alternative to the metro and surface urban transport. For example, this fall, during the closure of the section of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya metro line, on weekdays the MCD received more than 60 thousand additional passengers of this line.

The Kuryanovo station, opened in the summer at MCD-2, has improved transport accessibility for 340,000 residents of Pechatniki and Maryino. Many of them used to have to get to the nearest metro stations by bus. Now people can save 25 to 30 minutes a day on the road. It is also planned to reconstruct an industrial zone and build a residential area near the station.

Another station, opened at MCD-2 in January, – Ostafyevo – is designed for the future. The number of residents of the Ryazanovskoye settlement will soon increase due to the construction of residential areas. The station also provided the residents of the Znamya Oktyabrya village and adjacent microdistricts of Shcherbinka with a surface metro within walking distance. For them, travel time has been reduced by 10–35 minutes, and travel costs have been reduced by up to 85 percent (provided that passengers have not previously used the MCD).

The new station MCD-1 Slavyansky Boulevard united several types of transport: MCD, metro, Aeroexpress and ground transport. Now a million residents of the Moscow region do not need to go to the Belorussky railway station to change trains on the metro or Aeroexpress.

One of the largest suburban train stations in Europe has opened in Nakhabino. There used to be an ordinary railway station here, and the two platforms were connected by an old bridge. Now passengers have access to a modern covered overground passage equipped with escalators and elevators.

At the moment, work is underway to reconstruct stopping points: Timiryazevskaya, Kalanchevskaya, Bakovka and Podolsk. By 2024, on the routes of the first two diameters, it is planned to build new stopping points Petrovsko-Razumovskaya, Maryina Rosha, Dmitrovskaya, Kotlyakovo, Pechatniki and Shchukinskaya, which will replace the Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo station, and after 2024 – the Ilimskaya stopping point. Each new station will meet the standards of Moscow transport.

The construction and reconstruction of MCD stations is carried out using a special technology, around the clock and without stopping trains.

In the future, it is planned to open three more diameters: MCD-3 “Leningradsko-Kazansky” (from Zelenograd to Ramenskoye), MCD-4 “Kievsko-Gorkovsky” (from Aprelevka to Zheleznodorozhny) and MCD-5 “Yaroslavsko-Paveletsky” (from Pushkin to Domodedov).

Kuryanovo station opened at MCD-2Nakhabino station started working at MCD-2 after reconstructionConstruction of three MCD stations will be completed by the end of the year

Services for passengers

By the opening of the first two diameters, the MCD scheme was integrated into the metro map, including in the appendix Moscow Metro… Passengers were able to build new routes and see transfers from metro to diameters. During the year, users of the application built more than 7.5 million routes on the MCD.

Employees of the Passenger Mobility Center (CMC) are always ready to help people with limited mobility moving around the MCD. Since the launch of the MCD, they have assisted a thousand passengers. Most often, the visually impaired, people in wheelchairs and children with disabilities seek help. The TsOMP employees accompany them free of charge along the entire route, including transfers between the MCD, the metro and the MCC, and also help in the territory of railway stations, bus stations and on the way to city social facilities.

In August, posters of the “Books in the Metro” project were placed at all stations of diameters. QR codes give access to the online library. Streshnevo MCD-2 station has become the most readable since the start of the project. And the three most frequently downloaded works included “Nevsky Prospect” by N.V. Gogol, “Thick and Thin” by A.P. Chekhov, “Anna Karenina” by L.N. Tolstoy.

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Maximum safety in a pandemic

Since March 2020, sanitary requirements have been strengthened at the IDC. Every two hours all surfaces that passengers come into contact with at stations are treated with antiseptics: turnstiles, validators, ticket machines, checkout windows, information stands.

Wet cleaning and disinfection on trains is carried out three times a day. During the night stay, the entire rolling stock is treated with cold fog. This allows you to disinfect absolutely all surfaces: the antibacterial vapor penetrates into the most inaccessible places.

Cashiers, controllers and locomotive crews undergo a medical examination and measure the temperature before each shift. Employees are provided with masks, gloves and hand sanitizers.

The stations are equipped with non-contact sanitizers. As in public transport, MCD passengers are required to wear masks and gloves, which can be purchased at the box office.

MCD trains started to be processed with cold steam generators

Moscow central diameters Is a large-scale and long-term project, and the launch of MCD-1 and MCD-2 is the first stage in the global integration of the railway and the Moscow metro. These are not only modern trains, convenient transfers and an understandable payment system. The megaproject will give the city and people a new transport infrastructure.

Over the course of a year, MCDs have become an integral part of the Moscow agglomeration. And the demand for the new surface metro among the citizens confirms its importance for the capital. Passengers of both diameters have made more than 130 million trips since launch. 61 million people traveled along MCD-1 “Belorussko-Savelovsky”, and 69 million people traveled along MCD-2 “Kursk-Rizhsky”.

The project continues to develop actively – new diameters are being designed and prepared for launch: MCD-3, MCD-4 and MCD-5. They are scheduled to open by the end of 2025.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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