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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Portuguese / Latin America –

Source: Republic of Brazil 2

TRANCOSDistrict of Porto Seguro, Trancoso is located in the region where Pedro Álvares Cabral landed with his caravels in 1500

By Amanda Costa

The Quadrado is the center of Trancoso, with restaurants, inns and bars. Credit: Amanda Costa / MTURTrancoso is one of the most charming and sophisticated destinations in Bahia and also one of the most sought after on the coast of Bahia. At the same time, it brings together natural beauty, with beaches and vegetation, history, culture and religiosity. It is a destination for all tastes. Located in the southern region of Bahia, the village of Trancoso integrates the strategic route of Discovery, alongside Arraial d´Ajuda and Caraíva – all of which are districts of Porto Seguro. The municipality of Santa Cruz Cabrália completes this tour. It was in this region that Pedro Álvares Cabral landed in 1500. To reach the village, the nearest airport is Porto Seguro. Leaving there, it is possible to go to the District by BR-367 by car or by ferry crossing from Porto Seguro to Arraial d´Ajuda, which shortens the route to Trancoso. The Quadrado, as the main square is known, is the heart the village. Day and night residents and tourists roam the lawn, surrounded by centuries-old trees and colorful old houses, which have become inns, shops, restaurants and bars.

The “Igrejinha do Quadrado” is one of the main postcards of the village. Credit: Amanda Costa / MTURAt the end of the Quadrado is the Church of São João Batista, better known as “Igrejinha do Quadrado”, and where many weddings are held today. It is one of the oldest churches in the country and one of the main postcards of Trancoso – built between 1815 and 1817 with reef stones and a plaster common in the region that used sand, whale oil and fresh water. Behind the church is a lookout with a privileged view of the Nativos beach, which is the busiest in the village. It is also there that the Trancoso River flows into hot water lagoons. Through the Quadrado you can access the beach with a 10-minute walk. The village also has other beaches, such as the Coqueiros, with reefs and, of course, coconut trees.

Praia dos Nativos is seen from the lookout behind the church and can be accessed through the Quadrado. Credit: Amanda Costa / MTURA From Trancoso, it is also possible to access other nearby beaches, such as Taípe, famous for sheltering cliffs about 40 meters high in reddish tones, and the Mirror beach, considered by many to be one of the most beautiful in the country. Main economic activity in the village, tourism was directly impacted by the restrictions imposed by the Covid-19 pandemic. The closure of tourist activities in general affected accommodation and tours, as well as the operation of restaurants, snack bars, bars, beach huts and vacation rental houses. From July, the district, as well as the entire Porto Seguro region began to gradual reopening of activities, following all the necessary biosafety protocols against the disease.In the entire municipality, 340 Responsible Tourism stamps were issued for sectors such as lodging facilities, guides, tourist agencies and restaurants. It is a program of the Ministry of Tourism that establishes good hygiene practices for 15 segments of the sector, providing more security to tourists. Retired teacher Sonia Torres, from Arcos (MG), had not traveled for seven months and chose Porto Seguro to spend a family vacation, visiting Trancoso and Arraial d´Ajuda. “This is a heavenly place. Whoever was born and lives here is privileged ”, commented on Trancoso. “We are taking proper care. I always wash my hands, use alcohol gel and always use a mask ”, he said.

Retired Sonia Torres was in Tracoso and paused to take pictures at the “Igrejinha do Quadrado” viewpoint. Credit: Amanda Costa / MTURUM LITTLE OF HISTORY – Trancoso entered the Brazilian tourism route from the 70s, driven, among other groups, by hippies in search of greater contact with nature. “The arrival of hippies ends up bringing other people and the tourist boom in Porto Seguro begins, with the discovery of the coast, also stimulated by the opening of BR-367”, says the historian and archaeologist Tadeu Cardoso, who has studied and worked in the region for 22 At this time, many traditional communities started selling their houses, mainly in Quadrado, to people who came from outside. “Some started making lunchboxes or snacks for those who came from the beach,” says Cardoso, noting that even today the Quadrado houses some old residents, who started taking their income from tourism. But Trancoso’s history is much older. When the Portuguese landed in Brazil, it was a Tupi village. Still in the 16th century, the Jesuits settled in the region to catechize the indigenous people who lived there and established the Aldeia de São João, which had a library to support evangelization. In 1760, the village was elevated to Vila de São João. Later, in 1760, after disagreements with the politician and diplomat Marques de Pombal, the Jesuits left the village, which had around 500 Indians at the time. The convent of the Jesuit priests was demolished and the library destroyed. Later, between 1815 and 1817, the Church of São João Batista was erected, using the bases of the library and to this day it remains in the Square.FUL PARTIES – One of the most traditional festivals in the city and that move local tourism are religious celebrations: São Sebastião (20 January), São Brás (3 February) and the patron saint of the Parish, São João Batista, (25 June) – all with great popular participation. Currently, there are three colored masts stuck in front of the church, each honoring one of the three saints. Every year, on the date of these celebrations, the masts are replaced by new ones, and the painting of them and the flags is produced by local artists. Friar Romão, who runs the church, says that the three parties are public, have free lunch for everyone. world, procession, mass and mast lifting, starting the day before the celebration. “It’s 24 hours without stopping the party. It starts with the natives’ choir samba around 8pm. Then the artistic show, which runs until 5 am. Then, everyone goes down to get the mast, which is already painted. There is a cafe served for everyone that the party planners provide. Meanwhile, at Casa das Festas, 20 to 30 women are there to take care of lunch, which is free for everyone. Tourists do not pay for lunch these days ”, he assures. In the sequence, at 16h, the mass is held. Then there is the procession and a ceremony that brings together singing, drums and dancing when the choice of the party-goers who will organize the festival the following year is indicated. Only then is the mast raised. The next celebration is that of São Sebastião, whose origin dates back two centuries ago and is maintained, with some adaptations due to Covid-19. “For example, lifting the mast will not be with the people, it will be with a group restricted to families. But lunch, as the lunch box is made and delivered by hand, will be for everyone ”, highlights the friar. Given all the natural, cultural, artistic and historical wealth, it is difficult to say no to Trancoso. “Travel responsibly and rediscover Brazil. This is the invitation I make to Brazilians. Tourism in our country is prepared to receive all tourists ”, highlights Minister Marcelo Álvaro Antônio, who this week introduced Trancoso to the secretary general of the World Tourism Organization (WTO), Zurab Pololikashvili, with visits to attractions and a series of meetings to promote the destination. Edition: Rafael Brais

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure is not perfect.

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