MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The main command of the Navy, the Military Training and Research Center of the Navy, the Central Naval Museum are holding events in St. Petersburg dedicated to the 250th anniversary of the birth of the outstanding Russian navigator, Admiral Ivan Fedorovich Kruzenshtern.
In accordance with the instructions of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, as part of the celebration of this most important date in the maritime history of Russia, the cadets of the Naval Corps of Peter the Great – Naval Institute laid flowers at the monument to I.F. Krusenstern on the Lieutenant Schmidt embankment.
The events continued at the Peter the Great Central Naval Museum, where a unique exhibition dedicated to Ivan Fyodorovich Kruzenstern – “Sea Power. IF Kruzenshtern and the Russian Image of the” World Sea Power “was solemnly opened. The exposition of the exhibition was created on the basis of genuine objects and paintings from the collection of the funds of the Central Naval Museum named after Emperor Peter the Great, including rarities from the personal collection of Ivan Fedorovich Kruzenshtern, as well as copies of unique documents from the collection of the Russian State Archives of the Navy.
Vice-Admiral Vladimir Kasatonov, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, congratulated the museum staff and all amateurs of naval history on the opening of the interesting exhibition, wishing her successful work on behalf of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov. “The life and work of IF Kruzenshtern, an honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, the leader of the first voyage of Russians around the world, said the representative of the Fleet High Command, is full of many important discoveries. The significance of his scientific works competes with his fame as a navigator, “- noted in the welcoming speech of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, sent to the organizers of the exhibition.
Speaking at the opening ceremony of the exhibition, Deputy Director of the Museum Sergei Kurnosov noted the special contribution to the maritime business of Russia Ivan Kruzenshtern, who always considered himself a son of Russia and worked for the glory of Russian science, in the name of strengthening the power of the Russian state. He began his life with heroic deeds in the war against the Swedes and ended it with outstanding achievements, exploits in the field of science and education of future officers of the fleet.
– With his circumnavigation of the world, he has convincingly proved more than two centuries ago that the Russian fleet? a mature fleet capable of long-range cruises, – said Sergey Kurnosov.
The descendant of I.F. Kruzenshtern Alexei Kruzenshtern, who was supported by the director of the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Kunstkamera) Academician Andrei Golovnev, as well as the vice-president of the Russian Geographical Society Kirill Chistyakov.
Then the honored guests got acquainted with the exposition of the new exhibition. The first excursion was conducted by its curator, Museum researcher Alexander Strankovsky, who said in particular that by the beginning of the 1790s the Russian Empire had finally established itself as a great European power. The new status of the country required the use of the fleet as the most mobile and effective tool in the development of the vastness of the World Ocean. The circumnavigation, undertaken in 1803-1806 under the leadership of I.F.Kruzenshtern, became an important milestone in the qualitative change in the level of training of the Russian fleet, proof of its maturity.
The first Russian trip around the world laid the foundation for a new science – oceanography. For the first time, the ships of the Russian fleet proudly walked around the globe, reaching the most remote islands of the Pacific Ocean, Japan and China. The expedition showed the whole world the brilliant qualities of Russian naval officers and sailors, their excellent navigational skills, valor, presence of mind, selfless patriotism and genuine passion for science.
Along with its political and commercial significance, the First Russian round-the-world expedition had a great influence on the development of not only domestic, but also world geography and cartography. There is no doubt that the observations of the Kruzenshtern-Lisyansky expedition over currents and tides, atmospheric phenomena and water temperature at various depths along the route were of extraordinary value for sailors of all countries.
The practical and scientific activities of the expedition brought, in addition to commercial benefits and the expansion of foreign trade, also invaluable experience gained in a long voyage around the world, which was later passed on to new generations of sailors.
1 2 3 4 5
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.