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Source: US Bureau of Economic Analysis

In 2019, personal income increased in 2,964 counties, decreased in 139, and was unchanged in 10, according to estimates released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). Personal income increased 4.0 percent in the metropolitan portion of the United States and increased 3.5 percent in the nonmetropolitan portion (Table A). In metropolitan counties, the percent change in personal income ranged from 12.1 percent in Doniphan County, Kansas to -5.8 percent in Stark County, Illinois. In nonmetropolitan counties, it ranged from 34.7 percent in Sheridan County, Kansas to -14.2 percent in Cavalier County, North Dakota (BEA interactive data).

In the metropolitan portion of the United States, per capita personal income—personal income divided by population—increased 3.4 percent in 2019, down from 4.8 percent in 2018. In the nonmetropolitan portion of the United States, per capita personal income increased 3.5 percent, down from 4.2 percent. Table 1 presents estimates of per capita personal income by state and county.

Table A. Personal income, per capita personal income, and population percent change
  Personal Income Per Capita
Personal Income
Population
2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019
United States 5.3 3.9 4.8 3.5 0.5 0.5
    Metropolitan Portion 5.4 4.0 4.8 3.4 0.6 0.5
    Nonmetropolitan Portion 4.3 3.5 4.2 3.5 0.0 0.0

The county personal income estimates released today provide more geographic detail on the nation’s personal income for 2019. National estimates of personal income for 2019 were first released in February 2020, followed by preliminary state personal income estimates in March. The personal income estimates released today provide the first glimpse of personal income for 2019 in counties and metropolitan statistical areas. Real personal income for states, metropolitan areas, and state metropolitan and nonmetropolitan portions of the U.S. will be released on December 15, 2020.

Annual Update of Local Area Personal Income

The estimates of 2019 local area personal income released today incorporate the results of BEA’s annual update of local area personal income that was also released today. The annual estimates for 2010 to 2018 were revised. The update incorporates revised source data that are more complete and more detailed than previously available, the results of the July 2020 annual update of the National Income and Product Accounts, and the results of the September 2020 annual update of state personal income.

Today, BEA also released revised estimates of real personal income by metropolitan area for 2010 to 2018 that incorporate the results of the annual update to local area personal income.

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Next release: December 15, 2020 at 8:30 A.M. EST — Real Personal Income for States and Metropolitan Areas, 2019

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