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Source: International Monetary Fund

Reserve Currencies in an Evolving International Monetary System

Author/Editor:

Alina Iancu ; Gareth Anderson ; Sakai Ando ; Ethan Boswell ; Andrea Gamba ; Shushanik Hakobyan ; Lusine Lusinyan ; Neil Meads ; Yiqun Wu

Publication Date:

November 17, 2020

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Disclaimer: The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

Despite major structural shifts in the international monetary system over the past six decades, the US dollar remains the dominant international reserve currency. Using a newly compiled database of individual economies’ reserve holdings by currency, this departmental paper finds that financial links have been an increasingly important driver of reserve currency configurations since the global financial crisis, particularly for emerging market and developing economies. The paper also finds a rise in inertial effects, implying that the US dollar dominance is likely to endure. But historical precedents of sudden changes suggest that new developments, such as the emergence of digital currencies and new payments ecosystems, could accelerate the transition to a new landscape of reserve currencies.

Series:

Departmental Paper No. 2020/002

Subject:

Notes:

Data attached.

Frequency:

occasional

English

Publication Date:

November 17, 2020

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513560298/2616-5333

Stock No:

RCEIMSEA

Format:

Paper

MIL OSI Economics