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The government has set up an interdepartmental working group that will be responsible for organizing work to eliminate the accumulated harm to the environment, formed in the process of the Baikal PPM in the Irkutsk region. The composition of the working group under her leadership was approved by Deputy Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko.


Composition of the interdepartmental working group on the organization of work to eliminate the accumulated harm to the environment, formed in the course of the activities of JSC “Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill”

The most important task of the working group will be the formation and subsequent implementation of an action plan to eliminate the accumulated environmental damage on the territory of the Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill (BPPM) in the Irkutsk Region.

The interdepartmental group included the special representative of the President for environmental protection, ecology and transport Sergey Ivanov, the governor of the Irkutsk region Igor Kobzev, the chairman of the State Duma Committee on natural resources, property and land relations Nikolai Nikolaev, as well as representatives of the leadership of the Ministry of Natural Resources, Rosprirodnadzor, the Ministry of Emergencies, Ministry of Economic Development, Ministry of Finance, Rospotrebnadzor, Rosreestr, Rosatom State Corporation, Russian Academy of Sciences and others.

The Deputy Prime Minister said that it is necessary to promptly organize work at the BPPM by analogy with the successful experience at the site of the former enterprise in Usolye-Sibirskoye. It is necessary to develop a plan of priority liquidation measures, organize an environmental monitoring system, and also develop a plan for the socio-economic development of Baikalsk.

Measures aimed at eliminating the accumulated environmental harm to the environment as a result of the activities of the open joint-stock company “Baikalsk Pulp and Paper Mill” are held within the framework of the national project “Ecology”. According to Victoria Abramchenko, the elimination of abandoned industrial sites that have a negative impact on the environment is one of the key tasks of the national project to implement the national development goals of the country set by the President until 2030.

The former OJSC “BPPM” includes about 300 real estate objects, including 45 objects containing production and consumption waste. The greatest danger for Lake Baikal – a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site – is represented by 12 waste storage cards of JSC BPPM with a total mass of accumulated industrial waste of more than 6.2 million tons, containing sludge-lignin, waste water and ash and slag, as well as treatment facilities, settling ponds, sewerage treatment facilities in Baikalsk.

First of all, it is necessary to create a system of mudflow protection, local treatment facilities for the treatment of above-sludge and drainage waters on the maps, as well as to reclaim the maps by creating impermeable screens on underground horizons and on the surface. In addition, it is necessary to reduce the waste from the activities of the industrial enterprise to the V class of hazard using the most environmentally friendly solutions. On behalf of Deputy Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko, it is necessary to ensure that the RAS carries out scientific support for the assessment of technological solutions for the disposal and disposal of wastes of JSC BPPM; the selection should be carried out with the participation of Rosprirodnadzor.

Baikalsk Pulp and Paper Mill (BPPM) was commissioned in 1966. The city of Baikalsk was built simultaneously with the plant on the southern shore of Lake Baikal, 147 km from Irkutsk. On September 14, 2013, Baikalsky PPM OJSC ceased production activities. The plant operates only socially significant facilities. The technology of cellulose production at JSC “BPPM” was characterized by a large amount of sludge-lignin waste, the volume of which exceeded the volume of production. In addition, the combined heat and power plant generated a significant amount of ash, which was also added to the cards.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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