MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The President held a meeting of the Security Council of the Russian Federation via videoconference.
The draft Strategy of the State Anti-Drug Policy of Russia until 2030 and measures for its implementation were discussed.
Opening remarks by the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin:
Dear colleagues, good afternoon! Hello!
Today we will discuss the key areas for improving the state anti-drug policy. Of course, the topic is extremely complex. It contains many aspects and directly affects national security, I will say more – without any exaggeration, the future of our people.
Drugs maim and kill thousands of our citizens every year. They break the fate of children, young people in general, bring pain and grief to families, destroy the moral foundations of society. And the shadow profits of the drug business serve as financial support for criminals, cross-border crime, corruption, terrorist and extremist structures. This is a real challenge that Russia and practically all other countries face.
I would like to point out right away that over the past ten years, the implementation of the State Anti-Drug Policy Strategy has made it possible to take a number of important steps in the fight against the drug threat. So, seriously, up to life imprisonment, the responsibility for the sale and smuggling of drugs or their analogues has been increased, the punishment for the distribution of drugs on the Internet, in educational institutions, in places of mass leisure has been tightened.
The legislation introduced a fundamentally new legal mechanism for our country to induce drug addicts to treatment and rehabilitation. In the last 3 years alone, over 85 percent of students in schools, technical schools, universities – more than 6 million people in total – have undergone social and psychological testing for drug addiction.
Largely due to the measures taken, over 10 years the number of officially registered drug users has decreased by more than a quarter – from 673 thousand to 478 thousand, including minors from 7.9 thousand to 5.1 thousand. During the same period, the level of drug-related crime decreased by 17 percent, and the number of those who committed a crime while under the influence of drugs decreased by 30 percent.
However, the statistics should not be reassuring. After all, both the drug business and drug use are latent and latent. And the analytical materials prepared for our meeting show that the situation remains difficult.
So, for 9 months of this year, law enforcement agencies revealed more than 144.5 thousand drug-related crimes. This is actually comparable to the same indicator last year (there were 145 thousand). Almost 18 tons of narcotic and psychotropic substances were withdrawn from the illegal circulation.
Our task is to increase the effectiveness of countering drug trafficking, to act more actively and aggressively on all fronts. This is exactly what the new Strategy of the State Anti-Drug Policy of Russia up to 2030 should be aimed at, the draft of which we will consider today.
Undoubtedly, one of the priority areas is the continuation of a tough uncompromising struggle against the drug business through law enforcement agencies and special services. The results and indicators here should be significantly higher than what we have today. Therefore, it is no coincidence that I especially want to dwell on these issues. We constantly talk about this at the annual expanded collegia of the relevant departments.
Today, as I have already said, I would like to draw your attention to a number of fundamental points.
First. We see that criminals are increasingly using modern means of communication to spread drugs, and in supply and distribution schemes, the so-called contactless payment methods and new non-bank forms of payments are used more and more actively. It turns out that no personal contact is required between the seller and the buyer of drugs. Thus, the criminals try to hide and conspire as much as possible their activities.
This year, amid a pandemic and restrictions related to communication between people, these trends have intensified. Thus, in the first half of the year, the number of such, only recorded, only detected crimes increased by almost 70 percent. This is just an example of how modern technologies are used not for good, but for evil.
And it is obvious that we need to look for new, more effective methods of combating such latent crimes, to coordinate the work of the relevant departments of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the FSB with Rosfinmonitoring and our other departments more closely.
Second. Due to the pandemic this year, almost all state borders in the world have closed. As a result, in the first half of 2020 – there would be no happiness, but misfortune helped – drug smuggling into Russia decreased by more than a third. But it is obvious that as interstate communication is restored (and this is inevitable), attempts to increase the supply of drugs from other countries will resume. This means that we need to think over and take additional measures to strengthen border and customs control right now.
Third. We have already noted more than once that drug addiction is a disaster, a serious, intractable disease. And quickly, as they say, overnight, with a swoop it cannot be overcome. Therefore, it is important to improve the system of medical care for drug addicts, to continue to equip medical drug treatment organizations with modern equipment, to strengthen their human resources, to introduce advanced techniques that allow identifying the disease at an early stage, when assistance is timely and most effective.
Fourth. In the very near future, it is necessary, finally, to determine the federal body or bodies responsible for organizing work on the social rehabilitation of drug addicts, to formulate uniform requirements in this area throughout the country. Incidentally, this has not yet been determined in the regions either. The discussion on this topic continues, and in fact, responsibility is often shifted by some departments to others. And all this was unnecessarily delayed.
In addition, it is necessary to strengthen control over the activities of private rehabilitation organizations in the regions. In a number of cases we are faced there with flagrant violations of the constitutional rights of citizens. The situation here must be unconditionally and immediately corrected.
I would also like to draw your attention to the fact that the heads of a number of constituent entities of the Russian Federation often delegate to other officials their assigned powers as chairmen of anti-drug commissions. Such a practice – dear colleagues, I appeal to you – but in fact, an attempt to hide behind someone else’s back is absolutely unacceptable.
I would like to remind you once again about the personal, personal responsibility of the heads of the regions for coordinating all anti-drug activities. And I ask the plenipotentiary representatives of the President of Russia in the federal districts to keep this issue under constant control.
Fifth is the expansion and implementation of a modern anti-drug information policy, including in the media, in social networks popular with young people, in educational institutions. About the trouble that may lie in wait for everyone, you need to tell the truth, and sometimes frankly and harshly, not to be afraid of it. It is necessary to expose lies, including about the so-called safe, civilized consumption of so-called soft and other drugs.
I have already said it more than once and I want to repeat: charitable and other public organizations should be more energetically involved in such work. Many of them already have successful experience in the prevention of drug addiction, as well as assistance in the social rehabilitation of drug addicts. And these practices should, of course, be widely disseminated.
Sixth. I have already said that the drug threat is global in nature. And therefore, we should more actively develop international anti-drug cooperation, primarily within the framework of such authoritative and influential structures as the United Nations, BRICS, CSTO, SCO, expand the exchange of information and experience in countering transnational, cross-border drug-related crime.
And in conclusion I would like to say the following. I believe that the draft Strategy of the State Anti-Drug Policy until 2030 as a whole, of course, takes into account the nature of modern challenges and threats to national security. But you need to be very careful about each of its provisions, not formally. Let’s discuss this document now. I beg you to take this very seriously: both to the document itself and to the implementation of this document in the future. Now we need to look at its main provisions.
The floor is given to Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kolokoltsev, Minister of Internal Affairs, Chairman of the State Anti-Drug Committee.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.