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Source: National Bureau of Statistics of China

1. The completion of real estate investment

 

From January to October, the national real estate development investment was 11,655.6 billion yuan, an increase of 6.3 percent year-on-year, 0.7 percentage point higher than that from January to September. Among them, the residential investment was 8,629.8 billion yuan, an increase of 7.0 percent and an increase rate of 0.9 percentage point.

 

 

From January to October, the investment in real estate development in the eastern region was 6,171.4 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 7.1 percent, an increase rate of 0.6 percentage point compared with January to September; the investment in the central region was 2,337.2 billion yuan, with an increase of 2.4 percent, and the growth rate was increased by 1.5 percentage points; the investment in the western region was 2,663.6 billion yuan, with an increase of 8.3 percent, and the growth rate was increased by 0.2 percentage point; the investment in northeast China was 483.4 billion yuan, with an increase of 5.6 percent and a growth rate of 1.2 percentage points.

 

From January to October, the housing construction area of real estate development enterprises was 8,801.17 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 3.0 percent, and the growth rate was 0.1 percentage point lower than that from January to September. Among them, the residential construction area was 6,218.36 million square meters, an increase of 3.8 percent. The newly started area of houses was 1,807.18 million square meters, a decrease of 2.6 percent and a decrease rate of 0.8 percentage point narrower. Among them, the newly started residential area was 1,324.81 million square meters, a decrease of 3.3 percent. The area of completed houses was 492.4 million square meters, down 9.2 percent and a decline rate of 2.4 percentage points narrower. Among them, the completed residential area was 354.43 million square meters, down 7.9 percent.

 

From January to October, the land purchase area of real estate development enterprises was 177.75 million square meters, a year-on-year decrease of 3.3 percent, and the decline rate expanded 0.4 percentage point compared with January to September; land transaction price was 1,138.6 billion yuan, an increase of 14.8 percent, and a growth rate of 1.0 percentage point higher.

 

2. Sales of Commercial Buildings

 

From January to October, the sales area of commercial housing was 1,332.94 million square meters, unchanged on a year-on-year basis, 1.8 percent of decrease in the first nine months. Among them, the sales area of residential buildings increased by 0.8 percent, the sales area of office buildings decreased by 14.5 percent, and the sales area of commercial and business buildings decreased by 14.0 percent. The sales volume of commercial housing was 13,166.5 billion yuan, an increase of 5.8 percent and an increase rate of 2.1 percentage points. Among them, the sales of residential buildings increased by 8.2 percent, the sales of office buildings decreased by 12.8 percent, and the sales of commercial buildings decreased by 15.8 percent.

 

 

From January to October, the sales area of commercial housing in the eastern region was 545.32 million square meters, with a year-on-year increase of 4.0 percent, 1.8 percentage points higher than that in the first nine months; the sales volume was 7,316.5 billion yuan, an increase of 11.1 percent, and a growth rate of 2.2 percentage points. The sales area of commercial housing in central China was 360.53 million square meters, a decrease of 5.0 percent, and a decrease rate of 2.0 percentage points narrower; the sales volume of 2,632.5 billion yuan, a decrease of 2.9 percent, a decrease rate of 2.8 percentage points narrower. The sales area of commercial housing in the western region was 371.55 million square meters, an increase of 1.0 percent, and which was a decrease of 1.0 percent from January to September; the sales volume was 2,756.5 billion yuan, an increase of 3.6 percent, and a growth rate of 1.5 percentage points. The sales area of commercial housing in northeast China was 55.54 million square meters, a decrease of 8.8 percent, and a decrease rate of 0.1 percentage point narrower; the sales volume of 461.1 billion yuan, a decrease of 4.8 percent, and a decrease rate of 0.2 percentage point narrower.

 

At the end of October, the area of commercial housing for sale was 494.92 million square meters, 890 thousand square meters less than that at the end of September. Among them, the area for sale of residential buildings decreased by 1,480 thousand square meters, the area of office buildings increased by 310 thousand square meters, and the area of commercial business buildings decreased by 360 thousand square meters.

 

3. Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 

From January to October, the funds of real estate development enterprises reached 15,307 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.5 percent, 1.1 percentage points higher than that of January to September. Among them, domestic loans amounted to 2,237.8 billion yuan, an increase of 5.1 percent; utilized foreign capital was 11.1 billion yuan, down 15.2 percent; self-raised funds were 5,004.5 billion yuan, an increase of 6.5 percent; deposits and advance receipts were 5,128.7 billion yuan, an increase of 4.3 percent; personal mortgage loans were 2,431.2 billion yuan, an increase of 9.8 percent.

 

 

4. National Real Estate Climate Index

 

In October, the real estate development climate index (referred to as the “national real estate climate index”) was 100.50, 0.08 point higher than that in September.

 

 

Investment in Real Estate Development for January-October

 

Indicators

Absolute

Value

Growth Rate

Year-on-Year

(%)

     

 Investment in Real Estate (100 million yuan)

116556

6.3

  Of which: Residential Buildings

86298

7.0

      Office Buildings

5160

3.5

      Buildings for Commercial Business

10683

-2.8

 Floor Space under Construction (10,000 sq.m)

880117

3.0

  Of which: Residential Buildings

621836

3.8

      Office Buildings

35693

-1.3

      Buildings for Commercial Business

89626

-8.4

 Floor Space of Houses Newly Started (10,000 sq.m)

180718

-2.6

  Of which: Residential Buildings

132481

-3.3

      Office Buildings

5396

-7.2

      Buildings for Commercial Business

14567

-6.1

 Floor Space of Buildings Completed (10,000 sq.m)

49240

-9.2

  Of which: Residential Buildings

35443

-7.9

      Office Buildings

1632

-19.8

      Buildings for Commercial Business

4901

-22.7

 Land Acquisition Area (10,000 sq.m)

17775

-3.3

 Value of Land Transactions (100 million yuan)

11386

14.8

 Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold (10,000 sq.m)

133294

0.0

  Of which: Residential Buildings

118092

0.8

      Office Buildings

2449

-14.5

      Buildings for Business Use

6689

-14.0

 Sales of Commercial Buildings (100 million yuan)

131665

5.8

  Of which: Residential Buildings

117923

8.2

      Office Buildings

3582

-12.8

      Buildings for Commercial Business

7208

-15.8

 Floor Space of Commercial Housing for Sale (10,000 sq.m)

49492

0.3

  Of which: Residential Buildings

22268

-0.5

      Office Buildings

3797

3.2

      Buildings for Commercial Business

12933

-2.0

 Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 (100 million yuan)

153070

5.5

  Of which: Domestic Loans

22378

5.1

      Foreign Investment

111

-15.2

      Self-raising Funds

50045

6.5

      Deposits and Advance Payments

51287

4.3

      Personal Mortgage

24312

9.8

     

 

Real Estate Investment in Eastern, Central and Western Regions for January-October

 

Regions

Investment

(100 million yuan)

 

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

Residential Buildings

Residential Buildings

         

National Total

116556

86298

6.3

7.0

Eastern

61714

44624

7.1

7.1

Central

23372

18354

2.4

3.9

Western

26636

19648

8.3

9.9

Northeastern

4834

3672

5.6

5.8

         

                                                   

Sales of Commercial Buildings in Eastern, Central and Western Regions for January-October

 

Regions

Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold

Sales of Commercial Buildings

Absolute

Value

(1000 Sq.m)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

Absolute

Value

(100 million yuan)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

133294

0.0

131665

5.8

Eastern

54532

4.0

73165

11.1

Central

36053

-5.0

26325

-2.9

Western

37155

1.0

27565

3.6

Northeastern

5554

-8.8

4611

-4.8

         

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanation of Indicator

 

The total investment in real estate development this year: refers to the investment of all construction projects for housing, land development projects, public welfare construction and land acquisition costs in the reporting period. The index is cumulatively statistical data based on the principle of image progress.

 

Area of commercial buildings sold: refer total areas sold of new commercial buildings in the contract during the reporting period (i.e. area of floor space designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). The indicator is cumulative data.

 

Value of commercial buildings sold: refers to the total contracted vale of new commercial buildings for sale during the reporting period (i.e. the total value of sales for selling of commercial building as designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). This indicator is cumulative data, as well as the sale of floor space of commercial buildings.

 

The sources of funds for real estate development enterprises in the year: refers to various currencies and sources of real estate development funds actually available by the real estate development enterprises in the reporting period. Specifically, it includes domestic loans, foreign investment, self-raised funds and other funds. The index is cumulative data.

 

Floor space of buildings under construction: refers to the total floor space of all buildings by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time. Including floor space newly started in current year, floor space of continued construction of the building from the former period, floor space of stopped or postponed in the previous period but recovered in current year, floor space completed during current year, and newly started floor space in current year but postponed. Floor space under construction of multi-story buildings refers to the total floor space of all stories.

 

Floor space of houses newly started: refers to floor space of houses newly started by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time, the unit project as the accounting object. Not including continued construction area of housing which started in the previous period, and restarted construction area in the current year but stopped or postponed in the previous period. Specific due date is subject to starts to housing officially began ground-breaking gouge (ground treatment or permanent piles). Floor space of houses newly started refers to the entire floor spaces of whole building; the calculation cannot be separated.

 

Floor space of buildings completed: refers to housing construction during the reporting period have been completed in accordance with design requirements, achieved to living and conditions of use, acceptance of accreditation standards or to the final acceptance, total building areas could formally hand over to be used.

 

Land acquisition area: refers to land area by the real estate development enterprises in the year through various ways to obtain land.

 

Value of land transactions: refers to final amount of transactions of land use rights by the real estate development enterprises. In the primary land market, refers to the final section of land allocation, “auction” price and sale price; the secondary land market, refers to the finalize the contract price on land transfer, lease, mortgage, etc. Price of land transactions and land acquisition area are the same scope, December calculate the average purchase price of land.

 

2. Statistics coverage

 

All real estate development and corporate business units.

 

3. Survey methods

 

Collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).

 

4. Brief description on national real estate climate index

 

The national real estate climate index follows the theory of economic cycle fluctuation, based on the business cycle theory and business cycle analysis, using time series, multivariate statistics, econometric analysis, taking real estate development and investment as the benchmarks, selecting related indicators such as real estate investment, capital, area, sales, excluding the impact of seasonal factors, including random factors, compiled by adopting the growth rate cycles method. The historical data will be revised monthly according to the newly added data. National real estate index selected year 2012 as the base year, and its growth rate was set at 100. Typically, the most appropriate level of national real estate climate index is 100, the moderate level is between 95 and 105, the lower level is below 95, and the higher level is above 105.

 

5. Division on eastern, central, western and northeastern regions

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang.

 

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