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November 7 is a memorable date in Russian military history. On this day in 1941, several military parades took place at once in honor of the 24th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution.

The November parade in the capital became a landmark event, a turning point in the battle for Moscow. He showed that despite the colossal difficulties and stubborn bloody battles near the walls of Moscow, the Soviet capital would not be surrendered to the enemy, and the Soviet troops would stop and drive the Nazis back to their lair. It was after this parade, held at the most formidable hour of the war, that thousands of young people from all over the country sought to enroll as volunteers.

Historical and educational section “November 7, 1941. Moscow. Red Square ”was compiled on the basis of archival documents telling about the preparation of this, one of the most symbolic and significant military parades in the history of our country.

The November 7, 1941 parade was prepared in strict secrecy. In the west of Moscow, stubborn and fierce battles were fought, and the enemy could not be given the slightest hint of the upcoming celebrations in the capital. Even most of the soldiers and commanders – participants in the parade – did not know until the last that they would have to walk along the cobblestones of the main square of the country.

From the section of the reference-report of the commandant of Moscow, Major General K. Sinilov, users can learn that in the official correspondence the parade was designated as “an operation of the troops of the Moscow garrison.” In total, about 30 thousand personnel, 140 artillery pieces of various calibers, 160 tanks, 232 vehicles were involved in this operation. The parade involved infantrymen, tankmen, sailors, anti-aircraft gunners, artillerymen, cavalrymen, machine gunners, mortarmen, signalmen, sappers and medics.

Despite the most difficult situation in the battles on the outskirts of the capital, the organization of the parade was carried out at the highest level. The documents testify to the scrupulous approach of the command of the Moscow garrison to the organization of the arrival and departure of infantry units, cavalry and equipment, to the order and time of movement of the columns in the main square of the country, to the availability of communication means, traffic controllers, evacuation tractors, and veterinarians in the field.

The access control to Red Square on the day of the parade was significantly increased: the lists for the admission of people and cars published in the section, approved by the commandant of the city personally, eloquently indicate that on November 7, 1941, only 41 people could visit the main square of the country, except for the parade participants and only 4 company cars …

The troops from the parade went straight to the front, where a month later, during a large-scale counteroffensive by the Red Army, the enemy was driven back from the capital by 160-200 kilometers. But already on November 7, every citizen of the Soviet Union knew from Stalin’s speech: “The whole world looks at you as a force capable of destroying the plundering hordes of German invaders. The enslaved peoples of Europe, who have fallen under the yoke of the German invaders, look at you as their liberators. The great mission of liberation has fallen to your lot. Be worthy of this mission! The war you are waging is a war of liberation, a just war. Let the courageous image of our great ancestors – Alexander Nevsky, Dmitry Donskoy, Kuzma Minin, Dmitry Pozharsky, Alexander Suvorov, Mikhail Kutuzov – inspire you in this war! “

Part of the archival documents tells about another, no less significant military parade held on November 7, 1941. By order of the Marshal of the Soviet Union K. Voroshilov, in commemoration of the 24th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution, the so-called military parade of combat reserves took place in the city of Kuibyshev (now Samara). Unlike the Moscow one, the Kuibyshev parade included both ground and air units.

Fans of Russian military history from the declassified order of the commander of the air force of the Volga Military District can learn that the pilots and technical personnel of the air force of the Privo training flights, organize communications, material support, service aircraft, as well as establish interaction and coordination with the command of the ground part of the parade.

Interesting will be the published pages of the journal of military operations of the 102nd Guards Rifle Division (in 1941 it was called the 65th Rifle Division), which tells about the march made by the division to participate in the Kuibyshev parade. The division, withdrawn from the Manchu Soviet-Chinese border, overcame thousands of kilometers by rail in a few days, took part in the parade and almost without delay proceeded to the Volkhov Front to defend the Motherland.

Materials of the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper issue of November 9, 1941, which is also presented in a new section on the website of the Russian Ministry of Defense, will tell about another parade in honor of the anniversary of the October Revolution. It was held on November 8, 1941 in Voronezh. It was received by the Deputy People’s Commissar of Defense of the USSR Marshal of the Soviet Union S. Timoshenko, and units of the troops of the South-West direction became participants. Newspaper lines testify that, after the passage of foot columns and equipment, “the working people of the city in thousands of columns with banners, portraits of leaders and flowers in their hands passed through the square, demonstrating their readiness to selflessly shake the front, their confidence in the inevitability of the victory of the Red Army, in the defeat of the Nazis.”

The publication of documents about the beginning of the Great Patriotic War from the funds of the Central Archives of the Ministry of Defense of Russia is a continuation of the activities of the military department aimed at protecting and protecting historical truth, countering falsifications of history, and attempts to revise the results of World War II.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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