MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Currently, the draft law is undergoing public discussion on the Federal portal of draft regulatory legal acts (regulation.gov.ru).
The draft federal law was prepared in order to create an efficiently functioning and at the same time cost-effective system of protecting the population and territories, adequate to modern threats and challenges.
If adopted, the new federal law will abolish the current Federal Law of 12.02.1998 No. 28-FZ “On Civil Defense” and Federal Law of 21.12.1994 No. 68-FZ “On the Protection of Population and Territories from Natural and Man-made Emergencies “.
It is worth noting that at present two systems operate in our country simultaneously: RSChS and Civil Defense, which implement the same methods of protection, using the same means and forces for this, but each having its own regulatory framework. The new bill aims to eliminate this duplication.
The drafters of the draft law propose to consider civil defense as a mode of operation of the RSChS along with the current modes of “daily activity”, “high readiness”, “emergency”. The basis for its introduction is a state of emergency or martial law throughout the country or in certain localities.
At the same time, a set of measures to protect the population and territories from emergencies in any mode of operation will be assigned to the RSChS and carried out by its leadership, forces and means. This will facilitate responsiveness. Thus, a special period will require, simultaneously with the introduction of the civil defense regime, an increase in groupings and a set of measures without restructuring the control system.
RSChS is considered as a combination of forces and means of federal executive authorities, state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local government bodies and organizations united by a management system and designed to protect the population and territories both during peacetime and during the preparation and conduct of military conflicts by conducting emergency rescue operations. and other urgent work and protection measures.
In addition, at the legislative level, the developers of the project concretize the mechanism of interaction between the functional and territorial subsystems of the RSChS, management bodies and civil defense forces.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.