MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Since the beginning of the year, more than 17 thousand fires have occurred due to violations of the rules for the design and operation of furnaces. As a result, 385 people were injured and almost the same number of citizens died. Compared to last year, these indicators decreased by almost 18% and 23%, respectively.
It is possible to eliminate the risk of fires during heating of premises if safety rules are observed.
In private houses, at least once every three months, it is necessary to clean the chimneys from soot in order to prevent it from burning. The oven itself, as well as wall smoke channels within the premises, chimneys in the attic and above the roof must be kept clean. They must be whitewashed with lime mortar – on a white background, it is easy to notice the appearing black cracks through which carbon monoxide can penetrate into the house.
It is recommended to heat the stove no more than half an hour, 2-3 times a day, so there is no threat of excessive heat. 3 hours before bedtime, you should stop heating the room altogether. In this case, you must not close the damper if the fuel has not completely burned out.
The stove must not be ignited with flammable liquids – gasoline, kerosene, oil. Before the firebox, it is necessary to nail a metal sheet at least 50×70 cm in size. Firewood, furniture, curtains and other things should be located at a distance of more than half a meter from the stove, this will exclude the danger of burning them.
Compliance with these safety rules in houses with stove heating is checked by inspectors of the state supervision in the framework of preventive raids. In 2020, more than 2.1 million such door-to-door rounds were carried out in the residential sector. In conversations with citizens, the EMERCOM employees of Russia explain the rules for the safe operation and installation of stoves, reminding them that a fire extinguisher must be in the house just in case of fire.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.