MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –
Source: CDU CSU
Mister President! Dear Colleagues! Ladies and gentlemen! More than two thirds of our planet is covered by oceans. They have always connected the people of the world with one another, are a source of food and raw materials and are of central importance for the stability of our climate and our ecosystems. The principle of “freedom of the seas”, which has been in force for centuries, illustrates the special significance. But it is precisely this unlimited access and access to the resources of the oceans that has led to extensive problems: depletion of raw materials and fish stocks as well as pollution from shipping and waste, especially from microplastics.
The oceans are exhausted. For this reason, we need protected areas where nature is left to its own devices and can recover from harmful human influences. With this we cannot curb the warming of the oceans as a result of climate change or their pollution by plastic; because both are limitless. However, by stopping fishing, mining and restricting shipping, we can ensure that protected areas become recreational areas for marine flora and fauna and that ecosystems remain intact. This is exactly what the establishment of a 2.2 million square kilometer marine reserve in the Antarctic Weddell Sea is all about. These are untouched areas with high biodiversity.
If you criticize, Mr Bleck, that Germany has no interests there,
(Andreas Bleck [AfD]: No economic ones!)
but still advocates protection, I can only say: I think we managed to put the Ross Sea under protection three years ago. The research results that were achieved by the Alfred Wegener Institute in the Ross Sea were one of the decisive reasons that the protected status was successful. Even if it is initially set for 30 years for the Ross Sea, that is correct. So it is not only about Germany to establish a protected area there, but also to many other countries, including countries that have economic interests in the Antarctic; you just have to know that.
With our intergroup application, we would like to give the federal government tailwind for the upcoming negotiations and support them in their efforts to implement the establishment of a marine reserve at this year’s or the next annual meeting of the responsible Antarctic conference. It is encouraging that Norway, which has worked against it in the past, is now acting as a supporter. Now we just have to convince Russia and China to give up their blockade.
Krill occupies a key position in the ecosystem of the Weddell Sea. Krille are crustaceans that live in large schools in the sea. They represent a central pillar of the food web in the Weddell Sea. Due to the high content of omega-3 fatty acids, however, krill has increasingly come into the focus of manufacturers of food supplements. You would like to use the krill stocks for this among other things. There is, however, the option of obtaining omega 3s, for example by using microalgae.
(Shouting from the AfD: walnut!)
It would therefore be a possibility to add genes from microalgae to plants such as flax or rapeseed in order to support their production of omega-3 fatty acids. Here modern breeding methods could be used effectively for nature and environmental protection.
This year’s Nobel Prize for Chemistry was awarded yesterday to two scientists – one from the USA and one from France, who works in Germany – who methodically prepared and implemented the CRISPR / Cas9 gene scissors. This means that a technology is available that can be used, for example.
I am of the opinion that we should not reject such modern technologies right from the start for ideological reasons, but try to create the legal framework for the use of CRISPR / Cas9 in the European Union.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU and the FDP)
In the meantime, intensive research is being carried out around the EU on this basis. And if you consider that we still supported this research, which was advanced in Germany by the Frenchwoman, with our own tax revenues, but are now rejecting this technology, then, I say, ladies and gentlemen, that is a waste of taxes. We shouldn’t do that.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU and the FDP as well as from members of the AfD)
Finally, I would like to briefly go into what my colleague Schwabe mentioned. We should really not only look 15,000 kilometers away, but also at our own front door. I would like to repeat what I mentioned and called for in my last speech on the subject of “Expansion of wind power at sea”: We first need maritime spatial planning,
(Andreas Bleck [AfD]: Right!)
which weighs up all issues – whether it is nature and species protection or raw materials, fishing, shipping and of course renewable energies – and then makes decisions based on this plan as to how many offshore facilities we can still set up.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU as well as from MPs from BÜNDNISSES 90 / DIE GRÜNEN and MP Judith Skudelny [FDP])
Finally, I would like to thank my colleagues from the parliamentary groups involved and the office staff.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU as well as from MPs of the SPD and the BÜNDNISSES 90 / DIE GRÜNEN and MP Judith Skudelny [FDP])
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.