MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –
Source: CDU CSU
Dear Mr President! Dear colleagues! With the climate protection package, we have laid a very solid basis for effective climate protection. The Climate Protection Act, which we have already passed, specifies sector-specific climate targets, monitoring that also guarantees that the targets are achieved. With over 60 measures, we support people in switching to climate-friendly technologies. And the third thing that we are now tightening again is the Fuel Emissions Trading Act. We are thus giving the harmful greenhouse gas CO2 a price in the heating and transport sectors from 2021. And that’s the right way, ladies and gentlemen.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU)
We get in moderately, but the price is also rising continuously. There is a growth path that is moderate. And that, dear colleague Hofreiter, would have already existed: One year after the introduction, the price would have been 20 euros, in the end it would have been a maximum of 60 euros. – That is always kept secret. We are increasing the entry price now – but we are doing it moderately – and at the same time we are giving incentives for switching to climate-friendly technologies at the beginning. And in the end the price is formed on the market.
European emissions trading has already proven that emissions trading is the right instrument. It is innovative, it is market-based, and it enables us to sustainably reduce CO2 emissions. This has been successful in the “Industry and Energy” area. Despite all prophecies of doom, we can now achieve our climate target by the end of 2020 thanks to European emissions trading. That is also a success of this federal government, ladies and gentlemen, and of the Bundestag.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU as well as from the delegate Klaus Mindrup [SPD] – acclamation from the delegate Lisa Badum [BÜNDNIS 90 / DIE GRÜNEN])
We are introducing an emissions trading system, giving CO2 a price. That is the alternative to bans. What did the Greens originally demand? Prohibitions: an early ban on the combustion engine – preferably immediately Ban on oil heating – effective immediately.
(Dr. Anton Hofreiter [BÜNDNIS 90 / DIE GRÜNEN]: You confused that with “from now”! Now Söder is calling for 2035!
We offer a different approach: We encourage people. We support them with climate-friendly cars and environmentally friendly heating systems that we promote.
And people are planning to switch. The pricing that has been announced and will take effect from 2021 is already effective. People apply for these grants. The number of approved applications has increased massively. So you can already see that the pricing system works better than bans. That is our policy, ladies and gentlemen.
(Applause from members of the CDU / CSU – acclamation from Member Lisa Badum [BÜNDNIS 90 / DIE GRÜNE])
Germany is a role model and a pioneer in climate protection. We also demonstrate this with CO2 pricing and the emissions trading system for heat and transport. And we have started a movement in Europe. I am proud – and the FDP could actually be happy one day – that Ursula von der Leyen has now announced that she will expand European emissions trading.
(Dr. Lukas Köhler [FDP]: I say so!)
The European Union is considering expanding it to include air and maritime transport, as well as the buildings and transport sectors. A legislative proposal by the European Union is to be made on this by the middle of next year. This is also a success that we in Germany can claim to be part of the cause; because we have set this movement in motion, ladies and gentlemen.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU)
With the European emissions trading scheme and its expansion, we will also have a fairer burden sharing; because at the moment the targets are being discussed and negotiated between the member states above all in the area that is not yet subject to emissions trading. With the expansion of European emissions trading, we automatically get a new burden sharing, and that is the right way to go; because the European partners must also make their contribution to effective climate protection.
Why is the price moderate? What does the 25 euros per tonne of CO2 mean in 2021? In the initial phase this means an additional price of 7 cents per liter of petrol and 8 cents per liter of diesel. What do Fridays for Future demand? 180 euros per ton. That would mean an additional price for petrol of 49 cents per liter, for diesel of 58 cents per liter. That would mean a price increase of 40 percent for gasoline and 55 percent for diesel. That would be too massive! We get in moderately; because we are of the opinion that this is the right way, ladies and gentlemen.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU)
What is the FDP asking for? It demands a price that is freely established on the market from the start. That would also be over 100 euros per ton of CO2.
(Dr. Lukas Köhler [FDP]: How do you come up with this number? Where does this number come from?)
What would that mean? Probably an additional price of 30 cents per liter. This is not a small business friendly policy that you advocate; we have to ask you again and again, and we do that regularly.
We also take the pressure off companies. We need to focus on the companies that compete in Europe. That is why I am glad that we on the part of the Bundestag have pushed through that there are already cornerstones regarding carbon leakage protection.
(Dr. Lukas Köhler [FDP]: The law will apply in two months! Now the key points is too late!)
We have significantly improved these key points. At European level, it took four years to draw up the carbon leakage lists. We’ve got it going in nine months. Due to pressure from the Bundestag, the key points are already in place.
And there is a motion for a resolution that ensures a great deal, for example that there is a procedure with little bureaucracy, that companies receive financial compensation from the start, beyond the initial phase, and that there are also no double burdens for companies. This is the right way – the FDP and the rest of the opposition should also take note of this –
(Applause from MP Marie-Luise Dött [CDU / CSU])
that is the balance between climate protection on the one hand and the economy on the other.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU and members of the SPD)
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.