MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
This is not the first find in Panteleev’s house. Previously, experts have discovered a decorative finish made of donkey marble, house stoves and artistic parquet.
During the restoration of the main house of the former city estate of Philip Panteleev of the 19th century, experts discovered a mosaic floor made of marble chips. A two-storey mansion with a basement and a mezzanine is located at 56 Zemlyanoy Val street, building 3. The building in the classicism style with baroque elements is distinguished by rich stucco decoration.
The classic mansion was built in 1843-1845 by an unknown architect. The first floor was built from bricks, the second from logs, and the facades were covered with plaster. The building acquired its present bright appearance at the end of the 19th century. Then it was owned by Philip Panteleev, a wealthy peasant from the Vladimir province. He decided to rebuild the mansion.
The overhaul project was undertaken by the architect K. Duvanov. Philip Panteleev was the owner of the sculpture workshop, which was located in the estate. All baroque stucco molding for the home was made in it. In the house itself, the owner arranged three apartments. Those that were on the ground floor and the mezzanine were rented out. The owner of the house lived on the second floor.
It is still unknown when the mosaic was laid out on the floor – under Philip Panteleev or the previous owner of the mansion, philanthropist and industrialist Gerasim Khludov. In order to find the answer to this question, specialists will have to study archival documents.
“The elegant mosaic floor, fragments of which were found in the first floor lobby during the dismantling of modern tiles, dates back to the 19th century. The mosaic is laid out from pieces of marble of three colors. On a white background, you can see an ornate pattern of black and red lines. The mosaic is well preserved to this day. Experts are already studying it. The restoration project will be adjusted so as to return the historical appearance of this mosaic, “said the head of the Moscow City Cultural Heritage Department.
The mosaic sheet consists of marble chips up to 15 millimeters in size. The fragments were laid out on a base of uncured cement-sand mixture.
During the restoration, the floor surface will be cleaned of dirt, and the losses will be restored. Then the coating will be put in order with the help of mosaic grinders and washed with special compounds and water.
What is interesting about Panteleev’s mansion
The main house of the former city estate on Zemlyanoy Val stands out for its bright and unusual decoration.
Thus, the main facade of the building is decorated with a projection (ledge) with pilasters. There is a floral ornament on them. The risalit is crowned with a small triangular pediment with a cartouche – a decorative element in the form of an unwrapped roll of paper.
Sculptures of putti (boy-cupids), as well as the figure of an eagle with open wings, are on the semicircular frames of the three central windows on the second floor. In addition, on the facade, you can see many female and lion masks or mascarons (decorative relief elements in the shape of a human or animal head).
The premises on the first floor have wide ceiling cornices with floral ornaments. The bas-reliefs, which are used to decorate the ceilings of the rooms on the second floor, depict various flowers and plants, birds, and cupids. The ceiling decoration of one of the rooms, which was supposedly used as a musical living room, contains images of musical instruments – pipes, violins and mandolins.
How is the restoration of the building going
The renovation of the house started in early 2020. The mosaic floor is not the first interior element that has been hidden for a long time. So, in March, during the restoration work on the second floor, it turned out that the original wall decoration was made of whetstone marble. This is a type of decorative plaster that resembles marble in texture. Experts suggest that the material was made in the sculptural workshop of Philip Panteleev along with other decorative elements. There, on the second floor, after dismantling the linoleum and laminate flooring, fragments of artistic oak parquet were found. On the ground floor, under layers of modern finishing materials, they found two house stoves.
The specialists have already put in order the roof and basement of the house, dismantled the late partitions, opened the laid window openings, and recreated the historical windows.
Now they are strengthening the brickwork of the building. In addition, the craftsmen restore stucco decoration on facades and interiors. They remove late layers of paint, and restore the lost elements according to the surviving samples. The final stage will be the improvement of the territory adjacent to the mansion.
As Alexei Emelyanov added, the former 19th century residential building on Zemlyanoy Val is an identified cultural heritage site. This means that its historical appearance cannot be disturbed, therefore all work is carried out under the control of the Department of Cultural Heritage of the city and according to the project agreed with the department. It involves not only the restoration of the facades and interiors of the mansion, but also its adaptation to modern needs. After restoration, the building will house a hotel.
The current restoration is the first in the history of the building. After the revolution, the office of the Moscow provincial engineer was located here, and then – various institutions. Manor outbuildings of the 19th – early 20th centuries have not survived to this day. It is planned to complete all restoration work in 2021.
The preservation and restoration of architectural monuments in Moscow is the most important area of work of the Department of Cultural Heritage. Since 2011, about 1,500 cultural heritage sites have been restored in the city, of which 203 – in 2019. Recently, restoration work in Lopatina’s house was completed. This is a 19th century mansion with “fabulous” facades in the neo-Russian style, located on Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street. Since 1963, it houses residence of the Brazilian ambassador… Even earlier, the restoration of the historical appearance of the assembly hall was completed in Moscow classical gymnasium… At the beginning of autumn, after restoration, it was opened Northern river station with an adjoining park.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.