MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –
Source: Destatis Federal Statistical Office
Press release No.N 067 of October 26, 2020
Number of employees from March to August 2020 fell by 17.6% compared to the same period of the previous year
Bars and pubs are particularly affected: sales fell by 45.5% in the same period, number of employees fell by 34.6%
WIESBADEN – Regional lockdown, contact restrictions, curfew: the current measures to contain the corona pandemic are hitting the catering industry particularly hard. The industry, which includes restaurants and cafes, caterers and bars, has had to accept massive sales losses since the corona-related closings in March: As the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports, sales in the period from March to August 2020 were real (price-adjusted) around 40 .5% below the same period last year.
Looking at the individual months, sales fell the most in April with 68.3% compared to the same month last year. Since then, the business has continuously recovered: In August 2020, the decline in sales in the catering sector was already lower than the previous year at 22.3%.
In the catering sector, all those restaurants that earn their living by serving drinks were particularly hard hit: In this sector, sales from March to August 2020 were 45.5% lower than in the same period of the previous year. On the other hand, restaurants, pubs and snack bars were apparently able to compensate for part of the dwindling number of guests with delivery services and home sales: Here, sales from March to August 2020 were 29.3% below those of the same period of the previous year (caterers: -42.1%).
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The number of employees in the drinks bar fell by a third
The sharp drop in sales due to the Corona crisis also led to a decline in the number of employees in the catering industry: In the period from March to August 2020, these were around a sixth lower than in the same period of the previous year (-17.6%). While the caterers and catering services reduced their staff by -11.3% in the same period, the bar lost more than a third of the workforce (-34.6%). It should be noted that short-time workers continue to count as employees.
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Number of bankruptcies lower than 2019
The economic hardship has not yet been reflected in an increase in the bankruptcies of catering companies. From March to July 2020, 753 companies filed for bankruptcy in this industry – that was 126 fewer than in the same period last year and 135 fewer than from March to July 2018. One reason for this is that the obligation to file for insolvency for companies was suspended on March 1, 2020, which led to a decline in bankruptcies across all economic sectors. In July 2020, 146 catering companies across Germany filed for bankruptcy, 16.1% less than in July 2019. This decline corresponds to the overall development: In July 2020, 16.7% fewer bankruptcies were registered in Germany than in the same month last year.
Gastronomy industry important employer
The catering industry generated a turnover of 65.1 billion euros in 2018. It consists mostly of smaller companies with fewer employees: almost three quarters of the 186,000 companies had fewer than 10 employees. A total of 1.8 million people were recently employed in the catering industry. This makes the industry comparable to the larger industrial sectors in Germany: In mechanical engineering, for example, around 1.1 million people were employed in 2018.
Methodological note: The turnover and employment indices for August 2020 are preliminary figures.
Further information: The results for the catering and hospitality industry as a whole are on the special page, along with other indicators for classifying the economic consequences of the corona pandemic Corona statistics available on the website of the Federal Statistical Office.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.