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Garden paths paved with broken bricks

During the restoration, archaeologists found the remains of structures more than two hundred years ago. These are the foundations of garden paths, parts of pavilions and pavilions, fragments of old greenhouses and water conduits. The findings will help you learn more about the historical appearance of the manor park.

Unusual archaeological finds were discovered on the territory of the Izmalkovo historical estate, which is located in the Vnukovsky settlement. These are elements of garden and park structures and systems that appeared there in the late 18th – early 19th centuries. Among them are the foundations of park paths paved with broken bricks, the remains of water conduits, foundations of garden pavilions and greenhouses, parts of gazebos.

In Izmalkov, restoration work continues, which began more than a year ago. Specialists are restoring six buildings (the main house, east and west wings, storage room, kitchen, service building) and revive the local park, which is also part of the manor complex and is part of a cultural heritage site of regional importance.

All stages of work are accompanied by archaeologists. Thanks to their research in Izmalkov, it was possible to find not only large objects that once made up the park infrastructure of the estate, but also individual items that belonged to local residents. They date back to the late 17th – early 20th century.

“Some archaeological finds on the territory of the estate park are mainly related to the daily life of Izmalkov. Among them are cutlery, wardrobe items, coins, broken dishes. Specialists-archaeologists are already working with them, ”said the head

Department of cultural heritage of the city of Moscow Alexey Emelyanov.

Most of the fragments of pottery are fragments of flower pots from greenhouses. Individual finds include coins, lead nucleolus bullets, fragments of crosses, and parts of a horse harness. In addition, the finds include a smoking pipe and a dessert spoon. All these items, as a rule, were lost by their owners.

The Izmalkovo estate park is planned to be restored based on historical drawings and archival materials. According to Alexei Yemelyanov, the traces of the previous layouts of the park and parts of the structures discovered will allow not only to track the history of changes and the formation of the ensemble, learn more about the inhabitants of these places, but will also help in restoration. For example, the base of one of the old park paths is planned to be placed under a glass showcase. The issue of exhibiting other finds is also being resolved.

The architectural ensemble of the Izmalkovo estate began to take shape in the second half of the 18th century. The main building of the estate is a two-storey wooden house in the Empire style, plastered under the stone. Under the covering, the facade looks like a log cabin. In some places of the estate, double-sided doors and window frames with geometrical glazing remained.

The estate has changed owners more than once. One of the famous owners was Ivan Leontyev, who served as a voivode in Yelets. Since the 19th century, the estate was owned by the Samarin noble family. After the revolution of 1917, the estate was nationalized, and a children’s sanatorium was located in Izmalkov.

Moscow got the estate in almost completely disrepair. Large-scale work on its revival began last fall. The situation was complicated by the fact that all buildings are made mainly of wood. Lack of timely conservation work resulted in over 60 percent of all logs being damaged. The first large-scale stage of the restoration was dedicated to them: the logs were prosthetic, treated with protective compounds, eliminated bio-damage, and replaced completely rotten ones. Special requirements were imposed on these works, since in the future conditions should be created here for the safe stay of children. After complex restoration the manor will house a boarding house for their outpatient treatment.

Photos provided by the press service of the Department of Cultural Heritage of the city of Moscow

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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