MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
In the period from October 19 to 23 in the cities of Chongqing, Guilin, Lanzhou, solemn and mourning ceremonies were held with the laying of wreaths and flowers at the memorials of Soviet soldiers who died in China in 1937-1942.
The commemorative events were attended by employees of the Representative Office of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation for the organization and conduct of military memorial work in the PRC, diplomats of the Embassy, representatives of local and regional authorities, as well as compatriots living in China.
Colonel Pyotr Lavrentyevich Skokov and Major Vasily Dmitrievich Kotolupenko are buried in the Elin Park in Chongqing.
In the Xishan Park of the city of Guilin, there is the grave of the captain of the armored forces of the Red Army Ivan Mikhailovich Babashkin, who was sent to Guilin as a military adviser.
On Mount Baitashan in Lanzhou, there is a monument to Soviet volunteer pilots who died in air battles over Lanzhou.
Local residents honor the memory of the Soviet soldiers who died for the freedom of the Chinese people and treat their graves with care. Memorials are
in public parks. Every year in China in spring, on the Day of Remembrance of the Dead (Qingming), local residents lay fresh flowers at the burials.
After Japan launched a war against China in 1937, Western countries took the position of outside observers. At a critical moment, only the USSR came to China’s aid in the fight against the aggressors. The first group of volunteer soldiers arrived in China on October 23, 1937. Soviet military specialists stood next to the Chinese soldiers.
Military-technical deliveries were large-scale. From November 1937 to January 1942, 1285 aircraft, 1600 guns of various calibers, 82 tanks, 14000 machine guns, a large number of rifles, shells, cartridges, aerial bombs, spare parts and other equipment were delivered to China.
All this equipment had to be serviced, prepared for battles. In the rear and on the fronts of the anti-Japanese war, more than 5,000 Soviet people worked and fought.
In 1938, on the basis of Soviet technology, the first mechanized division in the history of the Chinese army was created. Tank instructors and artillery instructors took a direct part in the hostilities.
The supply of weapons and equipment, the actions of Soviet military advisers and specialists made it possible to restore the combat potential of the Chinese troops after heavy defeats at the beginning of the war and to offer stubborn resistance to the enemy.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.