MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Today, another participant of the ninth Arctic cruise, the Ilya Muromets icebreaker, has arrived at the main base of the Northern Fleet, the city of Severomorsk, which has been performing its assigned tasks in the seas of the Arctic Ocean since August 5. The expeditionary detachment of the Northern Fleet and the Russian Geographical Society returned on board, carrying out a significant amount of planned research, and also made unexpected finds in the Russian Arctic.
The icebreaker “Ilya Muromets” sailed about 12 thousand nautical miles in the waters of 8 Arctic seas. The expeditionary group made 33 landings on the islands and the continental coast, collected 125 historical artifacts.
The commander of the Northern Fleet, Vice-Admiral Alexander Moiseev, congratulated the crew of the icebreaker and the participants of the complex expedition on the completion of the cruise. He noted that “the close cooperation of the Northern Fleet and the scientific community during expeditionary activities helps to expand the capabilities of our country to explore and preserve the unique Arctic nature, accumulate new knowledge about the Arctic territories.”
The complex expedition of the Northern Fleet and the Russian Geographical Society is carried out within the framework of the historical and cultural project “The main facade of Russia. History, Events, People ”for the third year in a row. The geography of the operation of the expeditionary teams covered almost the entire Arctic from the Franz Josef Land archipelago to Chukotka.
During the cruise of the icebreaker Ilya Muromets, traces of Vladimir Rusanov’s expedition in the Taimyr Peninsula were found, the coordinates of artillery batteries on the Kara Sea coast were clarified, and during underwater research, the location of the remains of several ships that died in the Kara Sea in the 20th century was determined. Presumably one of them could be the icebreaking steamer Vaigach.
Important historical artifacts dating back to the 17th century were found in the Laptev Sea in Sims Bay, which are direct evidence of the early development of the Northern Sea Route by the Pomors.
In the Chukchi Sea, the expeditionary detachment of the Northern Fleet and the Russian Geographical Society managed to examine the Chelyuskin steamer, crushed by ice and sunk in 1934 in the Chukchi Sea. Researchers using a multi-beam echo sounder carried out a three-dimensional acoustic survey of the sunken object. For the first time it was possible to make a video filming of the steamer “Chelyuskin” using the unmanned underwater vehicle “Marlin – 350”.
In the Chukchi and East Siberian Seas, the expeditionary detachment of the Northern Fleet and the Russian Geographical Society carried out a number of studies along the route by the Hydrographic Expedition of the Arctic Ocean (GESLO) and the first Soviet expedition of Georgy Ushakov in 1926-1929. In addition, a number of geological and geophysical studies have been carried out by the RGO scientific group. Discoveries in seismology have been made. For example, scientists first explored the underground part of Wrangel Island: its bowels and plate displacement.
During its work near the Novosibirsk Islands, the expeditionary detachment explored the places associated with the Russian Polar Expedition of 1900-1902 under the leadership of Baron Eduard Toll, who went to the Arctic on the schooner Zarya. In the strait of the same name, researchers from the Northern Fleet and the Russian Geographical Society landed on the coast of Kotelny Island, examined the structure of the wintering quarters for the crew of the schooner Zarya, and examined the burial place of Dr. Hermann Walter. Geologists who are part of the expeditionary team carried out a number of studies on the coast of Kotelny Island and in the area of the Nerpalakh Bay.
There is reason to believe that the detachment made a geographical discovery in the area of the Komsomolets island of the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago. According to experts, the Labyrinth Bay, as a result of melting ice, turned into a strait and a new island was formed. However, the expeditionary party failed to land on it – a prerequisite for confirming the discovery. This will be done in the future.
During the expedition, special attention was paid to studying the factors of global warming, as well as the habitats of marine animals.
Expedition 2020 is the third Integrated Expedition of the Northern Fleet and the Russian Geographical Society “Arctic Archipelagos”. In 2018, the servicemen of the fleet and scientific groups of the Russian Geographical Society explored Novaya Zemlya, in 2019 – the islands of Franz Josef Land.
Research of the Northern Fleet in the Novaya Zemlya archipelago won in the nomination “Travel and expeditions” of the national award in the field of geography, ecology, conservation and popularization of the natural and historical and cultural heritage of Russia “Crystal Compass” at the end of 2018.
This year’s expedition is dedicated to several dates at once: the 75th anniversary of the Victory, the 175th anniversary of the Russian Geographical Society, the 110th anniversary of the Hydrographic Expedition of the Arctic Ocean, the 120th anniversary of the Russian Polar Expedition and the 145th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Rusanov.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.