MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The issues of the effectiveness of special economic zones (SEZ) and the functioning of preferential regimes in certain regions were discussed.
“Currently, there are 33 special economic zones on the territory of the Russian Federation, 90 territories of advanced development in single-industry towns and closed cities, 22 ASEZs in the Far East and one ASEZ in the Arctic. These preferential territories include both efficient and not very efficient economic zones. The average value of the aggregate efficiency indicator for all special economic zones (excluding the tourism cluster) is 94.2% in 2019 and 86.6% since the beginning of the SEZ operation. This is a fairly good indicator, “- said, opening the meeting, Deputy Prime Minister – Plenipotentiary of the President in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev.
At the same time, the Deputy Prime Minister drew the attention of those present that if we consider the territories of advanced development from the point of view of the ratio of private and budget investments, then their assessment is significantly different. “If in the Far East the current value of the multiplier is 35.3 rubles of private investments per 1 ruble of budget investments in infrastructure, then for the SEZ in the North Caucasus – 60 kopecks per 1 ruble of budget funds,” he said.
Yuri Trutnev recalled that the President instructed to increase the efficiency of the use of budgetary funds in the creation and operation of SEZ and ASEZ, to prevent the creation of ineffective entities. It was for the implementation of such activities that a working group on ASEZ and SEZ was created. “The working group will consider proposals from governors and key investors to create new preferential territories. First of all, we will carefully examine each proposal, make sure that the territory of advanced development or a special economic zone is “live”, that they will work, that there are necessary conditions for the investment to take place, “he explained.
The Deputy Prime Minister instructed the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Eastern Development of Russia to analyze the existing preferential zones and, in situations where there are no working investors on such a territory, and the preferential zone itself is an “empty” entity, to submit a proposal to the Government to liquidate it. “We definitely do not need empty special economic zones and territories of advanced development. Ninety TORs in single-industry towns are a huge number, I have no confidence in their effective work, I ask my colleagues to check and report, “he stressed.
The meeting approved the creation of three SEZs and four ASEZs in single-industry towns with a total declared investment of 53.5 billion rubles and the creation of more than 3.5 thousand new jobs.
Over the past year, ten applications for the creation of new SEZs were submitted to the Ministry of Economic Development for consideration. Of these ten applications, five were formalized into draft resolutions and submitted to the Government. According to Deputy Minister of Economic Development Sergei Galkin, 12 investors have been announced in three SEZs in the Moscow, Vladimir and Astrakhan regions who are ready to implement projects totaling over 30 billion rubles and create about 1.5 thousand jobs. By 2030, they will have paid over 7.3 billion rubles in tax and customs payments with the use of the corresponding benefits in the amount of 11 billion rubles. “At the stage of SEZ creation, we ask the regions to show“ live ”, relevant projects with already confirmed intentions of specific investors. Considering the interest of investors in the SEZ, there is no doubt that the initial plans for investments and other indicators will even be exceeded, ”he said.
The meeting participants also considered the issue of forming a port special economic zone in the Astrakhan region. In June, Yuri Trutnev instructed the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Finance, together with the government of the Astrakhan region, to further work out and submit to the Government of Russia coordinated proposals on the sources of financing for the construction of infrastructure facilities of the PSEZ being created. As the governor of the Astrakhan region Igor Babushkin explained, since the creation of the PSEZ is planned to be implemented in two stages, a joint decision was made to finance the first stage, which includes the modernization of the existing berths. According to the results, money will be provided for the second stage. “The creation of PSEZ is of great strategic importance for the region, which will allow us to create a modern port infrastructure, new processing facilities and increase investment attractiveness,” he said.
Five anchor residents of PSEZ have been identified who are ready to implement investment projects for the construction and operation of the seaport infrastructure, logistics activities and others with a total declared investment of 17.26 billion rubles.
In the Moscow region, it was decided to create another site, Maksimikha, in addition to the four existing SEZs. Two companies announced their readiness to implement investment projects. Investors presented projects to create an industrial and food cluster and a multimodal terminal and logistics center. The total investment in projects is over RUB 10.1 billion. In SEZ “Maksimikha” only at the first stage about 550 jobs will be created, and more than 5 thousand are planned. “There are already four economic zones operating on the territory of the Moscow Region, all of them have confirmed their effectiveness. We plan to implement the SEZ “Maksimikha” project with VTB Bank. We have already held a number of joint meetings on the filling of the SEZ territory with residents, which is about 2 thousand hectares, ”- the Governor of the Moscow Region Andrey Vorobyov informed those present.
The head of the region Vladimir Sipyagin reported on the formation of the SEZ PPT “Dobrograd-1” in the Kovrovsky district of the Vladimir region. According to him, “the Dobrograd project, including the creation of a special economic zone, is a good example of solving state problems in the field of economy and industry, housing construction, as well as the social sphere using public-private partnership mechanisms and is focused on improving the quality of life. population “. Potential SEZ residents plan to deploy polyurethane foam, furniture and textile products, as well as parts for the engineering industry there. Facilities for engineering, transport and social infrastructure will be built for the new investment site. The total amount of announced investments of five future residents will be more than 2.6 billion rubles.
The creation of four ASEZs in monotowns Inza of the Ulyanovsk region, Kuvshinovo of the Tver region, Kondrovo of the Kaluga region and Verkhnyaya Tura of the Sverdlovsk region was also considered. According to the Ministry of Economic Development, Inza belongs to single-industry towns with a stable socio-economic situation, Verkhnyaya Tura belongs to single-industry towns with a risk of worsening the socio-economic situation, and Kondrovo and Kuvshinovo belong to single-industry towns with the most difficult socio-economic situation. The total population of these monocities is more than 50 thousand people. In July 2019, projects for the creation of ASEZs were approved by the Commission on the creation and operation of ASEZs in single-industry towns under the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia. Based on the results, the relevant draft resolutions were submitted to the Government. As Sergei Galkin noted, the creation of TORs will allow diversifying the economy of these single-industry towns, attracting at least 58 investors, who will create 2.6 thousand new jobs and make 25 billion rubles of investments.
The meeting was attended by Presidential Aide Igor Levitin, First Deputy Minister of Economic Development Mikhail Babich, First Deputy Minister of Transport Innokenty Alafinov, Deputy Minister of Economic Development Sergei Galkin, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Mikhail Ivanov, Deputy Head of the Federal Customs Service Ruslan Davydov, Deputy Minister of Finance Irina Okladnikova, acting Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs Andrey Khrapov, Executive Director of the Association of Industrial Parks of Russia Denis Zhuravsky, General Director of JSC Special Economic Zones Vladimir Loginov, Chairman of the Board of Directors of JSC Atom-TOR Nikolay Pegin, President and Chairman of the Board of VTB Bank Andrey Kostin, heads of regions , management of SEZ management companies, representatives of the business community.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.