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Source: National Bureau of Statistics of China

1. The completion of real estate investment

 

From January to September, the national real estate development investment reached 10,348.4 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.6 percent, 1.0 percentage points higher than that from January to August. Among them, the residential investment was 7,656.2 billion yuan, an increase of 6.1 percent and the growth rate was higher 0.8 percentage point.

 

 

From January to September, the investment in real estate development in the eastern region was 5,502.3 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 6.5 percent, and the growth rate was 1.0 percentage point higher than that from January to August; the investment in the central region was 2,067 billion yuan, an increase of 0.9 percent, and a decrease of 1.1 percent from January to August; the investment in the western region was 2,351.8 billion yuan, an increase of 8.1 percent, with a growth rate of 0.2 percentage point; the investment in the northeast was 427.3 billion yuan, an increase of 4.4 percent, with a growth rate of 0.4 percentage point.

 

From January to September, the housing construction area of real estate development enterprises was 8,598.2 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 3.1 percent, and the growth rate was 0.2 percentage points lower than that of from January to August. Among them, the residential construction area was 6,070.31 million square meters, an increase of 4.0 percent. The newly started area of houses was 1,600.9 million square meters, a decrease of 3.4 percent and a decrease of 0.2 percentage point narrower. Among them, the newly started residential area was 1,171.93 million square meters, a decrease of 4.2 percent. The area of completed houses was 413.38 million square meters, down 11.6 percent, and the decline rate was expanded by 0.8 percentage point. Among them, the completed residential area was 295.97 million square meters, down 10.5 percent.

 

From January to September, the land purchase area of real estate development enterprises was 150.11 million square meters, a year-on-year decrease of 2.9 percent, an increase of 0.5 percentage point compared with January to August; land transaction price was 931.6 billion yuan, an increase of 13.8 percent, and a growth rate of 2.6 percentage points.

 

2. Sales of Commercial Buildings

 

From January to September, the sales area of commercial housing was 1,170.73 million square meters, a year-on-year decrease of 1.8 percent, 1.5 percentage points narrower than that from January to August. Among them, the sales area of residential buildings decreased by 1.0 percent, the sales area of office buildings decreased by 16.5 percent, and the sales area of commercial and business buildings decreased by 15.3 percent. The sales volume of commercial housing was 11,564.7 billion yuan, an increase of 3.7 percent and an increase of 2.1 percentage points. Among them, the sales of residential buildings increased by 6.2 percent, the sales of office buildings decreased by 15.7 percent, and the sales of commercial buildings decreased by 17.1 percent.

 

 

From January to September, the sales area of commercial housing in the eastern region was 480.75 million square meters, with a year-on-year increase of 2.2 percent, 1.4 percentage points higher than that from January to August; the sales volume was 6,442.4 billion yuan, an increase of 8.9 percent, and a growth rate of 2.3 percentage points. The sales area of commercial housing in central China was 314.59 million square meters, a decrease of 7.0 percent, and a decrease rate of 1.5 percentage points; the sales volume was 2,289 billion yuan, a decrease of 5.7 percent, a decline rate of 2.1 percentage points. The sales area of commercial housing in the western region was 326.87 million square meters, a decrease of 1.0 percent, and a decline rate of 1.7 percentage points; the sales volume was 2,428.6 billion yuan, an increase of 2.1 percent, and a growth rate of 1.8 percentage points. The sales area of commercial housing in northeast China was 48.52 million square meters, a decrease of 8.9 percent, and a decrease rate of 1.3 percentage points; the sales volume was 404.6 billion yuan, a decrease of 5.0 percent, a decline rate of 0.8 percentage point.

 

At the end of September, the area of commercial housing for sale was 495.81 million square meters, 4.71 million square meters less than that at the end of August. Among them, the area for sale of residential buildings decreased by 4.19 million square meters, that of office buildings decreased by 150 thousand square meters, and that of commercial business buildings decreased by 620 thousand square meters.

 

3. Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 

From January to September, real estate development enterprises put in 13,637.6 billion yuan of funds, an increase of 4.4 percent year-on-year, 1.4 percentage points higher than that from January to August. Among them, domestic loans amounted to 2,048.4 billion yuan, an increase of 4.0 percent; utilized foreign capital reached 9.4 billion yuan, down 9.5 percent; self-raised funds reached 4,448.5 billion yuan, an increase of 5.9 percent; deposits and advance receipts reached 4,514.5 billion yuan, an increase of 2.9 percent; and personal mortgage loans reached 2,178.3 billion yuan, an increase of 9.5 percent.

 

 

4. National Real Estate Climate Index

 

In September, the real estate development boom index (referred to as the “national housing boom index”) was 100.43, 0.11 point higher than that in August.

 

 

Investment in Real Estate Development for January-September

 

Indicators

Absolute

Value

Growth Rate

Year-on-Year

(%)

     

 Investment in Real Estate (100 million yuan)

103484

5.6

  Of which: Residential Buildings

76562

6.1

      Office Buildings

4470

0.5

      Buildings for Commercial Business

9548

-2.5

 Floor Space under Construction (10,000 sq.m)

859820

3.1

  Of which: Residential Buildings

607031

4.0

      Office Buildings

35121

-0.7

      Buildings for Commercial Business

88082

-8.4

 Floor Space of Houses Newly Started (10,000 sq.m)

160090

-3.4

  Of which: Residential Buildings

117193

-4.2

      Office Buildings

4826

-3.7

      Buildings for Commercial Business

13068

-6.3

 Floor Space of Buildings Completed (10,000 sq.m)

41338

-11.6

  Of which: Residential Buildings

29597

-10.5

      Office Buildings

1416

-18.6

      Buildings for Commercial Business

4198

-24.1

 Land Acquisition Area (10,000 sq.m)

15011

-2.9

 Value of Land Transactions (100 million yuan)

9316

13.8

 Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold (10,000 sq.m)

117073

-1.8

  Of which: Residential Buildings

103614

-1.0

      Office Buildings

2190

-16.5

      Buildings for Business Use

5929

-15.3

 Sales of Commercial Buildings (100 million yuan)

115647

3.7

  Of which: Residential Buildings

103497

6.2

      Office Buildings

3164

-15.7

      Buildings for Commercial Business

6403

-17.1

 Floor Space of Commercial Housing for Sale (10,000 sq.m)

49581

0.5

  Of which: Residential Buildings

22416

-0.4

      Office Buildings

3765

2.6

      Buildings for Commercial Business

12969

-1.8

 Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 (100 million yuan)

136376

4.4

  Of which: Domestic Loans

20484

4.0

      Foreign Investment

94

-9.5

      Self-raising Funds

44485

5.9

      Deposits and Advance Payments

45145

2.9

      Personal Mortgage

21783

9.5

     

 

Real Estate Investment in Eastern, Central and Western Regions for January-September

 

Regions

Investment

(100 million yuan)

 

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

Residential Buildings

Residential Buildings

         

National Total

103484

76562

5.6

6.1

Eastern

55023

39797

6.5

6.3

Central

20670

16221

0.9

2.5

Western

23518

17315

8.1

9.7

Northeastern

4273

3229

4.4

4.5

         

 

Sales of Commercial Buildings in Eastern, Central and Western Regions for January-September

 

Regions

Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold

Sales of Commercial Buildings

Absolute

Value

(1000 Sq.m)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

Absolute

Value

(100 million yuan)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

117073

-1.8

115647

3.7

Eastern

48075

2.2

64424

8.9

Central

31459

-7.0

22890

-5.7

Western

32687

-1.0

24286

2.1

Northeastern

4852

-8.9

4046

-5.0

         

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanation of Indicator

 

The total investment in real estate development this year: refers to the investment of all construction projects for housing, land development projects, public welfare construction and land acquisition costs in the reporting period. The index is cumulatively statistical data based on the principle of image progress.

 

Area of commercial buildings sold: refer total areas sold of new commercial buildings in the contract during the reporting period (i.e. area of floor space designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). The indicator is cumulative data.

 

Value of commercial buildings sold: refers to the total contracted vale of new commercial buildings for sale during the reporting period (i.e. the total value of sales for selling of commercial building as designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). This indicator is cumulative data, as well as the sale of floor space of commercial buildings.

 

The sources of funds for real estate development enterprises in the year: refers to various currencies and sources of real estate development funds actually available by the real estate development enterprises in the reporting period. Specifically, it includes domestic loans, foreign investment, self-raised funds and other funds. The index is cumulative data.

 

Floor space of buildings under construction: refers to the total floor space of all buildings by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time. Including floor space newly started in current year, floor space of continued construction of the building from the former period, floor space of stopped or postponed in the previous period but recovered in current year, floor space completed during current year, and newly started floor space in current year but postponed. Floor space under construction of multi-story buildings refers to the total floor space of all stories.

 

Floor space of houses newly started: refers to floor space of houses newly started by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time, the unit project as the accounting object. Not including continued construction area of housing which started in the previous period, and restarted construction area in the current year but stopped or postponed in the previous period. Specific due date is subject to starts to housing officially began ground-breaking gouge (ground treatment or permanent piles). Floor space of houses newly started refers to the entire floor spaces of whole building; the calculation cannot be separated.

 

Floor space of buildings completed: refers to housing construction during the reporting period have been completed in accordance with design requirements, achieved to living and conditions of use, acceptance of accreditation standards or to the final acceptance, total building areas could formally hand over to be used.

 

Land acquisition area: refers to land area by the real estate development enterprises in the year through various ways to obtain land.

 

Value of land transactions: refers to final amount of transactions of land use rights by the real estate development enterprises. In the primary land market, refers to the final section of land allocation, “auction” price and sale price; the secondary land market, refers to the finalize the contract price on land transfer, lease, mortgage, etc. Price of land transactions and land acquisition area are the same scope, December calculate the average purchase price of land.

 

2. Statistics coverage

 

All real estate development and corporate business units.

 

3. Survey methods

 

Collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).

 

4. Brief description on national real estate climate index

 

The national real estate climate index follows the theory of economic cycle fluctuation, based on the business cycle theory and business cycle analysis, using time series, multivariate statistics, econometric analysis, taking real estate development and investment as the benchmarks, selecting related indicators such as real estate investment, capital, area, sales, excluding the impact of seasonal factors, including random factors, compiled by adopting the growth rate cycles method. The historical data will be revised monthly according to the newly added data. National real estate index selected year 2012 as the base year, and its growth rate was set at 100. Typically, the most appropriate level of national real estate climate index is 100, the moderate level is between 95 and 105, the lower level is below 95, and the higher level is above 105.

 

5. Division on eastern, central, western and northeastern regions

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang.

 

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