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Source: National Bureau of Statistics of China

I. Households’ Income

 

In the first three quarters, China’s per capita disposable income reached 23,781 yuan, a nominal increase of 3.9 percent over the same period of last year. After deducting the price factor, the actual increase was 0.6 percent. Among them, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 32,821 yuan, an increase of 2.8 percent (if there is no special explanation below, it is a year-on-year nominal growth rate). After deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 0.3 percent; the per capita disposable income of rural households was 12,297 yuan, an increase of 5.8 percent, and the actual increase was 1.6 percent after deducting the price factor.

 

In the first three quarters, the median per capita disposable income of Chinese households was 20,512 yuan, an increase of 3.2 percent, and the median was 86.3 percent of the average. Among them, the median per capita disposable income of urban households was 30,015 yuan, an increase of 2.4 percent, and the median was 91.5 percent of the average; the median per capita disposable income of rural households was 10,650 yuan, an increase of 4.7 percent, and the median was 86.6 percent of the average.

 

 

According to the source of income, in the first three quarters, the per capita wage income of national households reached 13,486 yuan, increased by 3.6 percent, accounting for 56.7 percent of the disposable income; the per capita net operating income was 3,680 yuan, down 2.0 percent, accounting for 15.5 percent of the disposable income; the per capita net property income was 2,090 yuan, an increase of 7.2 percent, accounting for 8.8 percent of the disposable income; the per capita net transfer income was 4,525 yuan, an increase of 8.9 percent, accounting for 19.0 percent of the disposable income.

 

II. Consumption Expenditure of Households

 

In the first three quarters, China’s per capita consumption expenditure was 14,923 yuan, down 3.5 percent in nominal terms compared with the same period last year. After deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 6.6 percent. Among them, the per capita consumption expenditure of urban households was 19,247 yuan, a decrease of 5.6 percent, after deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 8.4 percent; the per capita consumption expenditure of rural households was 9,430 yuan, an increase of 0.8 percent, and the actual decrease was 3.2 percent after deducting the price factor.

 

In the first three quarters, the per capita consumption expenditure on food, tobacco and alcohol was 4,546 yuan, an increase of 5.5 percent, accounting for 30.5 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita clothing consumption expenditure was 847 yuan, down 11.9 percent, accounting for 5.7 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita residential consumption expenditure was 3,736 yuan, an increase of 3.6 percent, accounting for 25.0 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; and the per capita consumption expenditure on daily necessities and services was 896 yuan, down 3.3 percent, accounting for 6.0 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita transportation and communication consumption expenditure was 1,955 yuan, a decrease of 5.9 percent, accounting for 13.1 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita education, culture and entertainment consumption expenditure was 1,276 yuan, a decrease of 27.7 percent, accounting for 8.6 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita medical and health care consumption expenditure was 1,338 yuan, decreased by 5.4 percent, accounting for 9.0 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita other consumption expenditure was RMB 1338, decreased by 5.4 percent, accounting for 9.0 percent of the per capita consumption; the expenditure consumer spending on goods and services was 328 yuan, down 18.1 percent, accounting for 2.2 percent of per capita consumption expenditure.

 

 

Table 1 Income and Expenditure Nationwide in the First Three Quarters of 2020

 

 

Item

Absolute Value

( yuan)

Y/Y(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Per Capita Income Nationwide

23781

3.90.6

 Grouped by Permanent Residence

 

 

Urban Households

32821

2.8-0.3

Rural Households

12297

5.81.6

 Grouped by Income Source

 

 

Income of Wages and Salaries

13486

3.6

Net Business Income

3680

-2.0

Net Income from Property

2090

7.2

Net Income from Transfer

4525

8.9

Total Per Capita Income Nationwide Median

20512

3.2

 Grouped by Permanent Residence

 

 

Urban Households

30015

2.4

Rural Households

10650

4.7

Total Per Capita Expenditure Nationwide

14923

-3.5-6.6

 Grouped by Permanent Residence

 

 

Urban Households

19247

-5.6-8.4

Rural Households

9430

0.8-3.2

 Grouped by Consumption Category

 

 

Food, tobacco and liquor

4546

5.5

Clothing

847

-11.9

Residence

3736

3.6

Household facilities, articles and services

896

-3.3

Transportation and telecommunication

1955

-5.9

Education, culture and recreation

1276

-27.7

Health care and medical services

1338

-5.4

Miscellaneous goods and services

328

-18.1

 

 

 

Notes:

1.     1. Per capita disposable income of households = per capita disposable income of urban households * proportion of urban population + per capita disposable income of rural households * proportion of rural population.

2.     Nominal growth rate of per capita disposable income of households = (per capita disposable income of households in the current year / per capita disposable income of households in the previous year – 1) * 100%; actual growth rate of per capita disposable income of households = (per capita disposable income of households in the current year / per capita disposable income of households in the previous year / per capita consumer price index of households in the same period – 1) * 100%.

3.     The per capita income and expenditure data of the whole country is based on the basic data of sampling survey of more than 100000 households, and weighted and summarized according to the number of households represented by each sample household. Influenced by urbanization, population migration and other factors, the composition of population in different periods has changed, which sometimes leads to the phenomenon that the growth rate of some income and Expenditure Projects of the whole country exceeds the growth range of corresponding income and Expenditure Projects of urban and rural households. It is mainly in the process of urbanization that some people with higher income in rural areas enter urban areas, but they belong to lower income groups in urban areas, and their migration has a pull down effect on part of the income and expenditure of urban and rural households; however, no matter in urban or rural areas, the growth effect will be reflected in the income and expenditure growth of all households.

4.     In the growth column compared with the previous year, the data in brackets is the actual growth rate, while others are the nominal growth rate.

5.     The average and median income are statistics reflecting the trend of households’ income concentration. The average can not only directly reflect the overall situation, but also reflect the overall structure, which is convenient for the comparison of income levels of different groups, but also vulnerable to the influence of extreme data; the median reflects the situation of the object in the middle position, which is relatively stable and can avoid the influence of extreme data, but cannot reflect the structure.

 

 

 

Table 2: Income and Expenditure of Urban and Rural Households in the First Three Quarters of 2020

 

 

Item

Absolute Value

(yuan)

Nominal Increase

Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Per Capita Income of Urban Households

32821

2.8

 Grouped by Income Source

 

 

Income of Wages and Salaries

19785

2.6

Net Business Income

3595

-6.9

Net Income from Property

3481

6.1

Net Income from Transfer

5959

8.0

Total Per Capita Expenditure of Urban Households

19247

-5.6

 Grouped by Consumption Category

 

 

Food, tobacco and liquor

5764

2.2

Clothing

1128

-14.6

Residence

5012

2.5

Household facilities, articles and services

1166

-4.8

Transportation and telecommunication

2460

-8.0

Education, culture and recreation

1675

-29.3

Health care and medical services

1585

-5.8

Miscellaneous goods and services

456

-20.8

Total Per Capita Income of Rural Households

12297

5.8

 Grouped by Income Source

 

 

Income of Wages and Salaries

5484

4.7

Net Business Income

3788

4.5

Net Income from Property

323

10.1

Net Income from Transfer

2703

9.8

Total Per Capita Expenditure of Rural Households

9430

0.8

 Grouped by Consumption Category

 

 

Food, tobacco and liquor

2997

12.8

Clothing

491

-4.7

Residence

2116

5.2

Household facilities, articles and services

552

-0.5

Transportation and telecommunication

1314

-1.7

Education, culture and recreation

770

-24.2

Health care and medical services

1023

-5.2

Miscellaneous goods and services

167

-9.3

 

 

 

 

Annotations:

 

1.    Explanatory Notes

 

Disposable income of Households refers to the sum of final consumption expenditure and savings that residents can use, that is, the income that residents can use for free disposal, including both cash income and physical income. According to the source of income, disposable income includes wage and salary income, net business income, net property income and net transfer income.

 

Consumer spending refers to all the expenditures that residents use to meet their daily needs, including both cash and physical consumption. Consumer spending includes eight categories: food, tobacco and alcohol, clothing, housing, daily necessities and services, transportation and communication, education, culture and recreation, medical care and other supplies and services.

 

The median of the nationwide per capita disposable income of households refers to the per capita disposable income of households which lies in the middle of all surveyed households ranked from low to high on the basis of per capita disposable income level.

 

The quarterly income and expenditure data do not include the income and consumption of the self-produced and self-used parts of households, and the annual income and expenditure data includes.

 

2.Survey Methods

 

The national and sub urban and rural households’ income and expenditure data comes from the household income and expenditure and living conditions survey organized and implemented by the National Bureau of Statistics, which is released quarterly.

 

Using stratified, multi-stage, probability sampling method proportional to the size of population, the National Bureau of Statistics randomly selected 160000 households in 1800 counties (cities, districts) of 31 provinces (regions, cities) as survey households.

 

According to the unified system and method, the survey organizations directly under the National Bureau of statistics will organize the household to record and collect the data of households’ income, expenditure, family operation, production and investment; meanwhile, according to the unified questionnaire, collect other surveys such as the employment of household members and labor force, the ownership of housing and durable consumer goods, and the enjoyment of households’ basic social and public services. After the completion of data collection, the municipal and county survey organizations use unified methods and data processing procedures to code, review and input the original investigation data, and then directly transmit the basic household data to the National Bureau of Statistics for unified summary and calculation.

 

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