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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

In the endoscopy department of the GVKG them. NN Burdenko carries out all types of modern diagnostic studies and high-tech therapeutic endoscopic interventions for precancerous diseases, benign and malignant tumors of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract (esophagus, stomach, duodenum, colon), upper and lower respiratory tract.

This can be confirmed by a clinical case when a family member of a serviceman, an elderly patient with severe concomitant pathology, was diagnosed with stomach cancer at an early stage, up to 40 mm in diameter. At the oncological council, she was recognized as functionally inoperable. As the only possible option for helping this patient, endoscopic tumor resection was performed, and on the third day she was already discharged from the hospital. When morphological examination of the removed material, the tumor is removed radically.

The department is equipped with the most modern expert-class endoscopic equipment, which makes it possible to diagnose cancer at the earliest stages with the best prognosis, which significantly improves treatment results. Thus, the removal of early colon cancer using endoscopic technologies allows the patient to be cured without removing the entire affected organ, and discharged from the hospital on the second day after the intervention.

All studies are carried out using electronic digital video endoscopic systems from leading world and domestic manufacturers.

They allow you to perform an examination in high-definition mode, with varying degrees of magnification of the object, as well as in virtual chromoscopy modes, which significantly increases the efficiency of diagnostics of various pathologies. In addition, when conducting endoscopic examinations, it is possible to carry out video documentation on digital media, which provides objectification of data and the possibility of archiving them for the purpose of subsequent control and comparative assessment in dynamics.

Expanding the possibilities of endoscopic diagnosis of early forms of cancer stimulated the development of a new direction in endoscopy – the treatment of patients with oncological pathology using intraluminal endoscopic surgery. These interventions are carried out using the most modern electrosurgical, laser and argon plasma systems under anesthesia.

In the endoscopy department, the most modern endoscopic operations have been introduced into clinical practice, such as various options for removing benign and malignant neoplasms, including dissection in the submucosal layer, etc. For palliative treatment, various types of organ stenting, photodynamic therapy and radiofrequency ablation are used.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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