MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –
Source: CDU CSU
Mister President! Dear Colleagues! I would like to make two general observations before I talk about the law. – We are talking about the basic security in SGB XII. That means we are going today – the State Secretary presented the technology very quickly, owing to the shortness of time – to the limit; because every five years we discuss what we as parliament and government see as the minimum we need to live in this welfare state Germany. The minimum! This minimum must apply to everyone who is on the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany.
(Applause from members of the CDU / CSU, the SPD and BÜNDNISSES 90 / DIE GRÜNEN)
This applies to those who receive basic security in old age. This also applies to jobseekers who are dependent on basic security. Of course, this also applies to asylum seekers, migrants and non-Germans who live on German land. We are talking about the minimum, the lowest amount that we as a state allow everyone.
This is a debate that keeps reminding me of the responsibility we MEPs have here. There are certainly laws that in no way have this dynamic and these effects like the one we are talking about today, which also affects so many people, namely almost 6 million in the control loop and, due to the related re-leveling of the tax allowances, virtually all Germans who still pay income tax, a law that affects a large number of people.
We are not having a purely socio-political debate, we are definitely not having a financial policy debate here, but above all we are conducting a regulatory and value-oriented debate when we are talking about the subsistence level and basic social security. To say that is important to me.
It is also important to me – I know that if we go into the deliberations now, we will be discussing system changes, heights, the ball of ice cream and the Christmas tree decorations -: We live in one of the best and safest welfare states in the world. We have safely guided our welfare state through the crisis. Even in times of crisis, we can still transfer basic income on time. We have a social network that represents an international benchmark and is one of the safest and best in the world internationally. This should also be emphasized here when we talk about basic security, SGB II and SGB XII.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU)
I want to address a few criteria that are important to me, including when giving advice. The important thing is: we need a sensible methodology, and we need a clear transparency in the methodology. That is what the EVS does. With the income and expenditure sample in 60,000 households that are participating, we can determine how income and expenditure are made up. We take part of this transparently as a basis for the normative calculation and evaluation of the rule sets.
And: We need legal certainty. That means: We currently have a procedure that is transparent in the derivation of the methodology and that has already been applied several times, repeatedly appraised by the highest judges, complained about and classified as “in order” by the Federal Constitutional Court. I can only warn against rashly demanding a system change that cannot be implemented.
Another issue is the question of livelihood security. That means: How do we evaluate this minimum and this responsibility? All standard rates will increase from 2021, especially for young people between 14 and under 18 years of age; for them there is the greatest increase at 45 euros. With the update on January 1, there will be an additional requirement of 1.3 billion euros. That is a large amount that is being spent on updating here. It is well laid out and it is wisely laid out.
A final point – I have made livelihood security, legal security and transparency – is justice. Justice for those who are in the control loop. Then justice is not to equip the basic security benefit in such a way that I stay in the basic security for as long as possible, but that we do everything we can to get the 4 million jobseekers out of the basic security and get them into the first job market,
(Applause from the CDU / CSU and the SPD)
that we don’t argue that they should stay in it for as long as possible. Justice also for those who are just over the threshold. These transfers must also be earned. There are people in the country who finance this with taxes. By the way, they also finance us. We owe them justice too, by the way.
Vice President Wolfgang Kubicki:
Please come to the end.
Tobias Zech (CDU / CSU):
It must be clear: everyone who works in this country must get more than someone who does not work. That must be clear. We need a subsistence level that does justice to the mandate of the Federal Constitutional Court and the Basic Law. I look forward to the debate.
Thank you for your attention.
(Applause from the CDU / CSU and members of the SPD)
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.