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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –

Source: Destatis Federal Statistical Office

State net expenditure for benefits under the AsylbLG decreased by 8%

Press release 408 from October 15, 2020

WIESBADEN – Around 385,000 people in Germany were receiving standard benefits under the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act (AsylbLG) at the end of 2019. As the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports, this corresponds to a decrease of 6% compared to 2018 (411,000 people). This means that the number of beneficiaries has decreased for the fourth time in a row after the high in 2015 (975,000 people).

Foreign nationals are entitled to benefitswho reside in federal territory and one of the requirements § 1 AsylbLG (status: 31.12.2019) fulfill. Foreign nationals who have received refugee status from the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) or who are recognized as entitled to asylum are not entitled to benefits under the AsylbLG and are therefore not included in these statistics.

63% of the standard benefit recipients were male and 37% female. 32% were minors, 67% between 18 and 64 years old and around 1% were 65 years of age or older. At 53%, most of the standard benefit recipients at the end of 2019 came from Asia (204,000; thereof 51,000 from Afghanistan, 45,000 from Iraq and 22,000 from Syria). 24% came from Africa (92,000) and 20% from Europe (77,000, including 24,000 from the Russian Federation and 17,000 from Turkey).

In addition to the standard benefits, according to the AsylbLG, special benefits can also be granted in special situations such as illness, pregnancy or childbirth. At the end of 2019, almost 139,000 people were receiving special benefits. These included a good 2,200 recipients who were only entitled to special benefits. Most of the time, however, they were provided in parallel to the standard benefits.

Government spending on benefits under the AsylbLG amounted to just under 4.4 billion euros gross in 2019. That was 10% less than in the previous year. 78% of the expenditure in 2019 was for standard benefits and 22% for special services. The gross expenditure was offset by income (e.g. repayments of aid granted or benefits from social service providers) of around 129 million euros. The net expenditure thus amounted to just under 4.3 billion euros. This corresponds to a decrease of 8% compared to 2018.

While the statistics of the recipients of asylum seekers’ benefits only show people who were already receiving benefits at the end of the year, the statistics of expenditure and income under the AsylbLG consider the actual payment flows throughout the reporting year.

Detailed information can be found in the tables on gross expenditure after Asylum Seekers Benefits Act (22211), to the Recipients of standard benefits (22221), special asylum seekers benefits (22231) and services for Education and participation according to the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act (22251) in the GENESIS-Online database and in the subject area Asylum seeker benefits retrievable.

Recipients of standard benefits under the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act in Germany on December 31, 2019 according to nationality
nationality
number
proportion of
Change in number compared to previous year
in %
A total of
385 307
100.0
-6.3
Europe
77 136
20.0
-7.5
Russian Federation
23 856
6.2
-4.8
Turkey
16 692
4.3
16.0
Montenegro, Kosovo, Serbia (including predecessor states)
16 512
4.3
-19.4
Rest of Europe
20 076
5.2
-14.5
Asia
203 510
52.8
-7.4
Afghanistan
50 677
13.2
-19.1
Iraq
44 559
11.6
3.3
Syria
22 351
5.8
-2.5
Rest of Asia
85 923
22.3
-5.7
Africa
91 517
23.8
-4.5
Nigeria
27 435
7.1
6.0
Somalia
8 899
2.3
-9.4
Ethiopia
6 310
1.6
-4.3
Rest of Africa
48 873
12.7
-8.6
America
2 520
0.7
112.7
Other states, stateless
1458
0.4
-16.1
Unclear, no information
9 166
2.4
-1.1

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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