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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –

Source: Destatis Federal Statistical Office

January to August 2020: 4.6% more approved apartments than in the same period of the previous year

Press release 407 from October 15, 2020

WIESBADEN – In August 2020, the construction of a total of 31,600 apartments was approved in Germany. As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), that was 1.4% less than in August 2019. For the period from January to August 2020, on the other hand, there was an increase of 4.6% compared to the same period of the previous year. The figures include both building permits for new buildings and construction work on existing buildings.

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Increase in two-family houses, decline in single and multi-family houses

Around 27,300 apartments were approved in August 2020 in new residential buildings to be built. This was 1.7% or 500 apartments more than in the same month of the previous year. In the case of two-family houses, the number of approved apartments rose by 200 or 11.7%. In contrast, the number of building permits for single-family houses fell by 5.4% (-400 apartments) and the number of approved apartments in multi-family houses by 4.9% (-800 apartments).

Sharp increase in apartments in dormitories

In August 2020, 2,000 apartments were approved in dormitories, almost four times as many as in the previous year. Such a sharp surge in building permits for dormitory apartments is not exceptional. It can also be due to late reports from some building authorities.

Less built-in space in planned non-residential buildings

In the case of non-residential buildings, which were approved in August 2020, the enclosed space (volume) fell by 9.1% to 18.1 million cubic meters compared to the same month of the previous year. Non-residential buildings are, for example, factory buildings and warehouses, office and administration buildings or agricultural business buildings. In the months of January to August 2020, the converted space in non-residential buildings increased by 9.2% compared to the same period of the previous year.

Number of new permits still higher than number of completions

The number of building permits is an important early indicator for assessing future construction activity, as building permits represent planned construction projects. However, the number of construction projects that have not yet started or not yet completed (the so-called construction overhang) has been increasing for several years. The actual development of construction activity is represented by the development of construction completions. The Federal Statistical Office published results on the construction completions and the construction overhang in 2019 in the Press release No. 199 from June 4, 2020 released.

Building permits for apartments by type of building
Building type
Approved apartments
August
Change compared to the previous month
2020
2019
absolutely
in %
Residential and non-residential buildings (all construction measures)
31 621
32 063
-442
-1.4
New buildings to be constructed
27 733
27 365
368
1.3
from that:
Residential buildings
27 338
26 870
468
1.7
with 1 apartment
7 373
7 792
-419
-5.4
with 2 apartments
2 150
1 924
226
11.7
with 3 or more apartments
15 825
16 633
-808
-4.9
Dormitories
1,990
521
1 469
282.0
including:
Condominiums
6 740
8 032
-1,292
-16.1
Non-residential buildings
395
495
-100
-20.2
Construction work on existing buildings
3,888
4,698
-810
-17.2
Enclosed space for approved new non-residential buildings according to building type and owner
Building type
Enclosed space (1,000 m3 volume)
August
Change compared to the previous month
2020
2019
absolutely
in %
Non-residential buildings
18 119
19 929
-1 810
-9.1
from that:
Institution building
475
901
-426
-47.3
Office and administration building
2,089
3 148
-1 059
-33.6
Farm buildings
1 810
1 546
264
17.1
Non-agricultural farm buildings
12 055
12 268
-213
-1.7
including:
Factory and workshop building
2 308
3 760
-1,452
-38.6
Commercial building
1,300
904
396
43.8
Warehouse building
6 822
6 030
792
13.1
Hotels and restaurants
478
437
41
9.4
Other non-residential buildings
1,692
2 066
-374
-18.1
Public builders
1 988
2 271
-283
-12.5
Non-public builders
16 131
17 657
-1 526
-8.6

Detailed data and long time series on building permits, building completions and building overhangs can be found in the tables 31111, 31121 as well as the tables 31131 can be called up from the GENESIS-Online database.

You can find our specialist series here: Subject series 5 row 1

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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