MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The meeting of the board was chaired by the director of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia Alexander Kalashnikov.
The event was attended by the Representative of the Russian Federation at the European Court of Human Rights – Deputy Minister of Justice of the Russian Federation Mikhail Galperin; Deputy Minister of Justice of the Russian Federation Evgeny Zabarchuk; Anna Kuznetsova, Commissioner for the Rights of the Child under the President of the Russian Federation; Tatyana Lokatkina, Head of the Office of the President of the Russian Federation for Ensuring the Constitutional Rights of Citizens; Vladimir Makarov, Head of the Department for Supervision of the Legality of Execution of Criminal Sentences of the General Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation; Vladimir Menshov, Chairman of the Public Council under the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia on the problems of the penitentiary system; Lidiya Mikheeva, Secretary of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation; Tatyana Moskalkova, Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation; Eduard Petrov, Deputy Director – Head of the Legal Programs Department of the Vesti Department of the State TV Channel Rossiya TV Channel; First Deputy Chairman of the Committee of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation for the Development of Civil Society, Issues of Public and Religious Associations, Deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation Ivan Sukharev; Aleksey Alekseev, Deputy Chairman of the Synodal Department of the Moscow Patriarchate for Prison Service of the Russian Orthodox Church; Shamil Arslanov, Head of the Department for Work with the Armed Forces, Law Enforcement Agencies and Prison Service of the Centralized Religious Organization “Spiritual Administration of Muslims of the Russian Federation”; member of the Public Chamber of the Republic of Tatarstan, Chairman of the Council of the National Islamic Charitable Foundation “Yardam” Ildar Bayazitov; Chairman of the POC of Moscow Georgy Volkov; Elena Zelenova, chairman of the Public Council under the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia in Moscow; Maria Kannabikh, Chairman of the Presidium of the All-Russian Public Organization Council of Public Supervisory Commissions; Aaron Gurevich, Head of the Department of the Federation of Jewish Communities of Russia for Cooperation with the Armed Forces, the Ministry of Emergencies and Law Enforcement Agencies; Natalya Ryabova, Deputy Head of the Legal Expert Service of the Presidential Ombudsman for the Protection of Entrepreneurs’ Rights; Chairman of the All-Russian movement “Strong Russia” Anton Tsvetkov, heads of structural divisions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia; heads of institutions directly subordinate to the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, and heads of territorial bodies of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia in the mode of video conferencing.
Observance of human rights in places of deprivation of liberty is a priority of the Federal Penitentiary Service.
Today, the department is doing everything possible to improve the conditions of detention of suspects, accused and convicted persons in places of deprivation of liberty, both in domestic and social aspects. This applies to the organization of food, medical support and clothing allowance. In addition, the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia seeks to expand the practice of alternative punishments and, as a result, to reduce the number of persons held in places of detention.
At the same time, the work of the department is aimed at creating the highest quality environment for respecting the legal rights and interests of convicts serving sentences in correctional institutions. Taking into account the fact that training and employment are the key moments for the re-socialization of convicts, the service has done significant work to ensure that citizens in places of detention can receive general, professional and higher education.
Particular attention is paid to working with minors, serving their sentences implies resolving issues of their upbringing, training and all-round development. The Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia takes into account all aspects and conducts work aimed at the social welfare of minors and their professional orientation. In addition, the priority for the employees remains psychological and pedagogical rehabilitation and the moral and moral development of the personality of convicted minors.
It is worth noting that the Federal Penitentiary Service is consistently eliminating the practice of concealing the facts of the unlawful use of physical force and special equipment. Currently, the system of departmental control over the actions of employees in the event of conflict situations has been changed. All territorial bodies have created special commissions to monitor the use of physical force and special equipment. They conduct checks with the mandatory viewing of video recordings of each case of their use. The level of equipment of institutions of the penal system with video recording equipment has significantly increased.
An important issue for the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia remains the observance of the sanitary area for one person and the prevention of overlimit in pre-trial detention centers. As a result of the measures taken for the construction and reconstruction of facilities in pre-trial detention centers and correctional institutions, compared with 2017, the number of pre-trial detention centers with overcrowding has decreased by almost 2 times. The average living space per person in a cell is currently 4.8 square meters, which complies with the legislation of the Russian Federation and international standards.
Public monitoring commissions are a unique tool of public control over ensuring the rights of citizens in places of deprivation of liberty. The joint activity of the territorial bodies of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia and the POC is constructive and fruitful. Thanks to the well-established dialogue, it is possible to timely respond to emerging problems. In addition to promptly responding to information about human rights violations in institutions of the penal system, POCs participate in organizing social, cultural and sports events.
Tatyana Moskalkova, Ombudsman for Human Rights in the Russian Federation, noted the high level of interaction with the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, both in the context of observing the rights of convicts, suspects and accused, and protecting the rights of employees working in institutions of the penal system. Nevertheless, Tatyana Moskalkova noted an increase in the number of persons detained in custody to the Ombudsman. She also proposed to reconsider the issue of placing servers with recordings of the video surveillance system located in the institutions of the UIS, that is, to move the servers from the institutions directly to the Directorate for the territorial body of the department in order to preserve the video materials. The Ombudsman drew the attention of the leadership of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia to the problem of pregnant women in jail, who immediately after giving birth are returned from the hospital to their cell the next day. Tatyana Moskalkova noted a big difference in the payment of wages to civilian doctors and medical staff of penitentiary institutions, as well as in the quality of medical support in medical units.
Among the proposals of the Commissioner for Human Rights for the period of restrictive measures: to remove the limit on the spending of their own funds by convicts in correctional colonies; to consider the issue of planning during the construction of pre-trial detention facilities in the courtroom in order not to once again take out suspects and accused to the courts; increase the number of telephone calls and equip additional offices with glass partitions for lawyers who can visit their clients more often.
In addition, Tatyana Moskalkova drew attention to some problematic issues related to attracting convicts to work and providing them with decent wages.
Anna Kuznetsova, Commissioner for Children’s Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, noted a decrease in complaints about the situation of children in penitentiary institutions and made a number of proposals related to improving the situation of women and children in prisons.
She pointed out the need to establish normatively distance education for minors in pre-trial detention centers, since this format is designated as self-education.
Anna Kuznetsova also noted the need to interact with commissions on juvenile affairs, to use the resources of the commissions to carry out effective preventive measures with adolescents; strengthening the interdepartmental work of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia with the guardianship and guardianship authorities.
Also, the Commissioner for the Rights of the Child under the President of the Russian Federation drew attention to the growth of crime among orphans and children left without parental care, the need to improve legislation on post-boarding support and consolidate the institution of mentoring at the legislative level.
In turn, First Deputy Chairman of the Committee of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation for the Development of Civil Society, Issues of Public and Religious Associations, Deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation Ivan Sukharev proposed to consider the possibility of organizing gyms in all pre-trial detention centers in the country, as well as expanding the practice POC in meetings of disciplinary commissions of correctional institutions.
Director of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia Alexander Kalashnikov noted that the proposals made will be taken into account.
At the meeting of the board, the participants openly discussed various topics, including acute issues related to particular cases of violations of the rights of convicts, suspects and accused.
Director of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia Alexander Kalashnikov thanked the guests for their suggestions on improving the mechanisms for ensuring the observance of human rights in places of detention and expressed hope for further fruitful and constructive cooperation.
“The policy of the Federal Penitentiary Service is aimed at consistently implementing the principles of legality, openness and humanity in its work,” said Alexander Kalashnikov, director of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia.
At the same time, the director of the service emphasized that the strict observance of human rights, security and the rule of law in institutions are entirely dependent on ordinary employees. The head of the department named conscientiousness, indifference and competence as the main qualities of the employees of the penal system.
All invited guests, heads of structural divisions and territorial bodies of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia spoke at the meeting of the board. Based on the results of the collegium, their proposals were taken into account and specific solutions were developed to improve the penal system in matters of observance of human rights in correctional institutions and pre-trial detention centers.
The director of the department also pointed out the need to hold meetings of the collegiums in the territorial bodies of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia in a similar format of a confidential and constructive dialogue with the invitation of the Commissioners for Human Rights and representatives of state authorities.
Press bureau of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.