MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Every year on October 4, the Space Forces celebrate their professional holiday. On this day in 1957, the beginning of the Space Age was laid in the USSR – the first artificial Earth satellite was successfully launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome. The preparation, launch and control of the first satellite in orbital flight was carried out by the military personnel of the Space Forces. That is why the date of October 4 is officially determined as the Day of the Space Forces.
Currently, the Space Forces include the 15th Army of the Aerospace Forces (special purpose) as part of the German Titov Main Test Space Center, the Main Missile Attack Warning Center, the Main Space Situation Intelligence Center, military units of the 1st State Cosmodrome Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation (Plesetsk cosmodrome). The training of professional officers for the Space Forces is carried out by the A.F. Mozhaisky Military Space Academy.
Among the main tasks facing the Space Forces of the Aerospace Forces is maintaining constant readiness for the use of missile attack warning systems, space control, launching and control of spacecraft of the Russian orbital group, as well as mastering new types of weapons and military equipment entering service with military parts of the Space Forces. Among the unconditional priorities is also the implementation of the launch schedule for military and dual-use spacecraft.
As part of their combat duty to ensure control of outer space in 2020, the specialists of the Main Center for Space Situation Intelligence (GC RSC) of the Space Forces of the Aerospace Forces carried out more than 3.5 thousand special works to control changes in the space situation, during which they discovered and accepted escorted about 700 space objects, monitored the launch of more than 800 spacecraft into orbit, ensured forecasting and control of the termination of ballistic existence of about 200 space objects, issued 14 warnings about dangerous approaches of space objects with spacecraft of the Russian orbital group.
Special attention by the specialists of the GC RSC was paid to monitoring the composition and state of the orbital constellations of foreign space systems, as well as conducting experiments in orbits with spacecraft of foreign countries.
During the current year, over 60 launches of foreign and domestic ballistic missiles and space missiles were detected by the Russian missile attack warning system, specialized means of space control and anti-missile defense systems.
The combat crews of the Plesetsk State Test Cosmodrome carried out 4 launches of space rockets (ILV) of the medium class “Soyuz-2.1a” and “Soyuz-2.1b” with spacecraft for various purposes.
Specialists of the Main Testing Space Center named after G.S. Titov ensured 10 launches of spacecraft from the Plesetsk and Baikonur cosmodromes, with the launch of 98 spacecraft into orbit.
This year, the duty forces of the ground-based automated control complex of the space forces of the Aerospace Forces conducted more than 350 thousand sessions of control of spacecraft of the Russian orbital group.
In addition, in the course of carrying out combat duty tasks, the duty forces performed over 90 thousand sessions of providing control of spacecraft.
At the same time, the average daily intensity of control sessions and control support for spacecraft of the Russian orbital constellation amounted to about 1.5 thousand sessions.
The troops are actively working on the commissioning of the latest weapons, military and special equipment. The radar stations of the new generation “Voronezh” of the missile attack warning system, created according to the technology of high factory readiness in the Leningrad, Kaliningrad, Irkutsk, Orenburg regions, in the Altai, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk territories, are on alert.
Work continues on the creation of new radar stations for the missile attack warning system in the Komi Republic and the Murmansk region.
As part of the implementation of the program for the improvement and development of the Russian space control system, the space forces continue to work on the creation of specialized ground-based space control devices of a new generation. Until 2022, it is planned to deploy more than 10 new laser-optical and radio-technical complexes on the territory of Russia, implementing various principles of detection and recognition of space objects. The first laser-optical complex of a new generation successfully fulfills the tasks of controlling outer space in the mode of experimental combat duty on the territory of the Altai Territory.
This year, the military units of the Main Testing Space Center have already received 6 modern and advanced measuring instruments. Currently, work is underway to put new equipment into operation.
In addition, a new generation of command and measurement systems is being actively developed for the re-equipment of individual command and measurement complexes of the V.I. G.S. Titova. The commissioning of unified command and measurement means will make it possible to switch to new control technologies for spacecraft of the Russian orbital group and to reduce several times the list of modifications of technical control means of previous generations.
In general, to re-equip the formations and military units of the Space Forces with promising weapons, about 50 experimental design and research works are currently underway to create systems and complexes of a new generation in the coming years.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.