MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
City parks, squares and streets were decorated with astilbes, asters, daylilies, irises, peonies and other plants.
Planting of perennial plants has been completed in Moscow. This year, the capital was decorated with over a million long-lived flowers.
“This year, twice as many perennial flowers have been planted in Moscow as in the past – a total of about 1.2 million plants. The work was carried out from July to mid-September. City flower gardens were decorated with astilbe, asters, daylilies, irises, peonies, phlox, delphinium, hosta, sage – a total of more than 160 plant species. In addition, this season, two new varieties have been planted in the capital for the first time: the highlander related “Superba” and the varietal monarda. Next summer, they will bloom in flower beds in Victory Park on Poklonnaya Gora, ”she said.
Natalia Korablina, Deputy Head Department of Housing and Communal Services of Moscow.
Perennials are able to grow in one place for several years, but in comparison with annual plants they bloom much less. Therefore, perennial crops are usually planted with annuals to complement bright compositions.
The flowering period is different for each species. Crocuses, tulips and daffodils bloom first, around the beginning of May, peonies, irises, phlox, astilbe and most other flowers bloom in summer, and asters, chrysanthemums and rudbeckia in autumn.
Specially selected types of perennials are used for flower decoration of the capital. They are resistant to diseases and pests, and are also able to adapt to the climatic features of the Moscow region. But so that plants can safely survive the most severe frosts, utilities carefully prepare them for winter. They spud, fertilize and mulch the ground with peat, cut off wilted leaves. Also, in the autumn, the amount of watering is reduced so that the plants do not suffer from the abundance of moisture. Heat-loving roses for the winter are covered with non-woven material or spruce branches.
As a rule, preparations for winter start at the end of September and can last until November. This largely depends on the weather conditions and the individual characteristics of the plants.
Throughout the winter, perennials are at rest, and in early spring they remove the covering material from them, loosen the soil and feed them with mineral fertilizers.
The most spectacular flower beds with perennial flowers can be seen in the central city squares, in public gardens and parks. For example, the flower garden on Manezhnaya Square is decorated with more than five thousand different cultures.
Spectacular compositions of perennials can also be found
on Novy Arbat, Alley of Heroes of Cosmos near the VDNKh metro station, on Triumfalnaya Square, Krasnokholmskaya embankment, Sukharevskaya square, in Ilyinsky and Novopushkinsky squares.
In addition, perennial plants are always planted near major transport arteries: Dmitrovsky, Rublevsky, Kashirsky and Kievsky highways, Ryazansky, Volgogradsky, Proletarsky, Leninsky, Kutuzovsky avenues, as well as Andropov and Vernadsky avenues.
The largest collection of perennials is in Zaryadye Park. On the territory of more than 20 thousand square meters, more than 120 different varieties are presented, including May lily of the valley, cat’s paw, Siberian irises, corydalis, fragrant violet and others.
Flowers are carefully looked after. Experts regularly weed the soil and carry out mulching, covering the top layer with organic matter, compost and other useful components. In the warm season, compensatory gardening is also carried out – new seedlings are planted instead of plants that have died or faded.
This year, 50,000 perennial flowers were planted in Zaryadye, including the cypress spurge, oak sage, leafless iris, prince ordinary and alpine shrimp.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.